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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Elfv 2II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Elfarvísur 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 567.

Einarr SkúlasonElfarvísur
12

Mǫrg flutu auð (á úrga)
— alm sveigði lið — (hjalma
rauð flugu stôl) í stríðri
stafnblóðug skip móðu,
áðr á grund af grœðis
gœðinga lið flœði
— sveit varð í rym rítar
rýr — Hôkonar dýrum.

Mǫrg stafnblóðug skip flutu auð í stríðri móðu—lið sveigði alm; rauð stôl flugu á úrga hjalma—, áðr lið gœðinga flœði á grund af {dýrum grœðis} Hôkonar; sveit varð rýr í {rym rítar}.

Many prow-bloody ships floated empty in the swift estuary—the troop bent the bow; red weapons flew at wet helmets—, before the chieftains’ troop fled ashore from Hákon’s {animals of the ocean} [SHIPS]; the company was reduced in {the noise of the shield} [BATTLE].

Mss: (679v), F(76vb-77ra), E(62r), J2ˣ(366v), 42ˣ(54v-55r) (Hkr); H(129v), Hr(84vb) (H-Hr)

Readings: [1] flutu: flugu Hr    [3] stríðri: stríði J2ˣ, 42ˣ    [4] ‑blóðug: blóðig E, H    [5] á: af E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ    [7] varð: var F, H, Hr;    í rym: í rúm E, J2ˣ, ‘ir vm’ 42ˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 477, Skj BI, 449, Skald I, 221; ÍF 28, 359 (Hákherð ch. 11), F 1871, 354, E 1916, 216; Fms 7, 266-7 (Hákherð ch. 11).

Context: As st. 1 above in Hkr and H-Hr.

Notes: [3] stôl ‘weapons’: Lit. ‘steels’. Stál ‘steel’ usually denotes ‘sword’, but in the present context the meaning of the word is ambiguous (Skj B and ÍF 28 give the translation ‘arrows’). — [8] Hôkonar (m. gen. sg.) ‘Hákon’s’: This name could also modify sveit ‘company’ in the second cl. (so Skj B; Skald; ÍF 28). However, because the first internal rhyme in l. 8 falls in position 1, the sentence boundary most likely fell after that position (see Gade 1995a, 114-15).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Gade, Kari Ellen. 1995a. The Structure of Old Norse dróttkvætt Poetry. Islandica 49. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  6. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  7. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  8. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  9. Internal references
  10. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  11. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
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