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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bǫlv Hardr 7II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bǫlverkr Arnórsson, Drápa about Haraldr harðráði 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 292.

Bǫlverkr ArnórssonDrápa about Haraldr harðráði
678

Heimil ‘granted’

2. heimila (verb): [granted]

[1] Heimil: so 39, F, E, J2ˣ, FskAˣ, Mork, Flat, Hr, ‘Hemil’ Kˣ, Heima FskBˣ, ‘Heimǫl’ H

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es ‘as’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[1] es (‘er’): sem H, svá Hr

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heyrðak ‘I heard’

2. heyra (verb): hear

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hodd ‘Hoard’

1. hodd (noun f.): gold, treasure < hoddstríðir (noun m.)

[2] hoddstríðir: hoddstríðinn E, oddstríðir FskAˣ

kennings

Hoddstríðir,
‘Hoard-enemy, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

Hoard-enemy, → GENEROUS MAN
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stríðir ‘enemy’

stríðir (noun m.): opponent, fighter < hoddstríðir (noun m.)

[2] hoddstríðir: hoddstríðinn E, oddstríðir FskAˣ

kennings

Hoddstríðir,
‘Hoard-enemy, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

Hoard-enemy, → GENEROUS MAN
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þér ‘to you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

[2] þér: so 39, F, FskBˣ, FskAˣ, Mork, Flat, H, Hr, om. Kˣ, J2ˣ, þá E

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en ‘and’

2. en (conj.): but, and

[3] en: er E, FskBˣ, FskAˣ, Mork, Flat

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es ‘when’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[4] es (‘er’): ok FskBˣ, FskAˣ, en H

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funduð ‘you met’

2. finna (verb): find, meet

[4] funduð: fundusk FskAˣ, Flat

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ykkar ‘you two’

it (pron.; °gen. ykkar, dat./acc. ykkr): you (two)

[5] ykkar: ykkur E, yðvar Mork, Flat

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frænda ‘kinsmen’

frændi (noun m.): kinsman, male relative

[5] frænda: frændi FskAˣ

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friðliga ‘peacefully’

friðliga (adv.): [peacefully] < allfriðliga (adv.)

[6] ‑friðliga: ‑frilliga Mork

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á ‘’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[6] á: om. FskBˣ, FskAˣ, H, í Hr

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miðli ‘between’

milli (prep.): between

[6] miðli: milli 39, FskBˣ, Mork, Flat, H, mildi FskAˣ

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sætt ‘The accord’

sætt (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): settlement

[7] sætt: satt E

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síðan ‘from then on’

síðan (adv.): later, then

[7] síðan: om. FskAˣ

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vætti ‘expect’

vætta (verb): expect

[7] vætti: nennti FskAˣ, veitti Flat, Hr

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Sveinn ‘Sveinn’

2. Sveinn (noun m.): Sveinn

notes

[8] Sveinn: Sveinn Úlfsson of Denmark (r. 1047-1074/76).

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rómǫldu ‘war’

rómalda (noun f.): [war]

[8] rómǫldu: ‘remolda’ FskAˣ

notes

[8] rómǫldu ‘war’: Lit. ‘battle-wave’. For the translation of rómalda ‘war’ see Kock (NN §2037A) and ÍF 28, 102 n. After the reconciliation between Magnús and Haraldr, they launched a joint attack on Denmark the following year (1047), and after Magnús’s death (1047), Haraldr harried in Denmark almost every summer. His raids on Denmark culminated in the battle of the Nissan (Niz) in 1062 and his final victory over Sveinn Úlfsson.

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einnar ‘only’

2. einn (pron.; °decl. cf. einn num.): one, alone

[8] einnar: einni 39, F

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Haraldr and his nephew Magnús Óláfsson met in Norway (1046), and Haraldr gave Magnús treasures which he had brought back from Greece. In return, Magnús granted Haraldr joint sovereignty in Norway.

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