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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 16I

Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 16’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 973.

Bjarni byskup KolbeinssonJómsvíkingadrápa
151617

sunnan ‘from the south’

sunnan (adv.): (from the) south

notes

[1] sunnan ‘from the south’: The Jómsvíkingar sail north from Denmark to Norway.

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snyrti ‘the fine’

snyrti- ((prefix)): [fine, Splendid] < snyrtimaðr (noun m.)

notes

[2] snyrtimenn ‘the fine men’: The cpd is unique in skaldic poetry, though cf. snyrtidrengr ‘fine warrior’ in st. 39/2 and elsewhere (LP: snyrtidrengr). Snyrti- ‘fine’ probably refers to splendid appearance; cf. the sword-heiti Snyrtir ‘polisher’ or ‘polished one’ (Þul Sverða 1/7III and Note), and ModNorw. snyrta ‘decorate’.

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menn ‘men’

maðr (noun m.): man, person < snyrtimaðr (noun m.)

notes

[2] snyrtimenn ‘the fine men’: The cpd is unique in skaldic poetry, though cf. snyrtidrengr ‘fine warrior’ in st. 39/2 and elsewhere (LP: snyrtidrengr). Snyrti- ‘fine’ probably refers to splendid appearance; cf. the sword-heiti Snyrtir ‘polisher’ or ‘polished one’ (Þul Sverða 1/7III and Note), and ModNorw. snyrta ‘decorate’.

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meiða ‘the poles’

meiðr (noun m.): beam, tree

kennings

meiða morðbáls;
‘the poles of the battle-fire; ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-fire; → SWORD
the poles of the SWORD → WARRIORS
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morð ‘of the battle’

1. morð (noun n.; °-s; -): killing, battle < morðbál (noun n.)

kennings

meiða morðbáls;
‘the poles of the battle-fire; ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-fire; → SWORD
the poles of the SWORD → WARRIORS

notes

[4] morðbáls; skipastóli ‘of the battle-fire [SWORD]; fleet of ships’: The line recalls Hskv Útdr 9/2II morðhjóls skipastóli ‘of the killing-wheel [SHIELD]; fleet of ships’.

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morð ‘of the battle’

1. morð (noun n.; °-s; -): killing, battle < morðbál (noun n.)

kennings

meiða morðbáls;
‘the poles of the battle-fire; ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-fire; → SWORD
the poles of the SWORD → WARRIORS

notes

[4] morðbáls; skipastóli ‘of the battle-fire [SWORD]; fleet of ships’: The line recalls Hskv Útdr 9/2II morðhjóls skipastóli ‘of the killing-wheel [SHIELD]; fleet of ships’.

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báls ‘fire’

bál (noun n.; °-s; -): fire < morðbál (noun n.)

kennings

meiða morðbáls;
‘the poles of the battle-fire; ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-fire; → SWORD
the poles of the SWORD → WARRIORS

notes

[4] morðbáls; skipastóli ‘of the battle-fire [SWORD]; fleet of ships’: The line recalls Hskv Útdr 9/2II morðhjóls skipastóli ‘of the killing-wheel [SHIELD]; fleet of ships’.

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báls ‘fire’

bál (noun n.; °-s; -): fire < morðbál (noun n.)

kennings

meiða morðbáls;
‘the poles of the battle-fire; ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-fire; → SWORD
the poles of the SWORD → WARRIORS

notes

[4] morðbáls; skipastóli ‘of the battle-fire [SWORD]; fleet of ships’: The line recalls Hskv Útdr 9/2II morðhjóls skipastóli ‘of the killing-wheel [SHIELD]; fleet of ships’.

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héldir ‘the rime-covered’

2. héla (verb): cover with rime

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gnúði ‘roared’

gnýja (verb): roar

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svalr ‘the chill’

svalr (adj.): cool

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sýju ‘the planking’

1. sýja (noun f.; °-u; -ur): planking, vessel

notes

[7] sýju ‘the planking’: Originally ‘seam, joining’; cf. sýja ‘to sew’, probably referring to a row of rivets joining the strakes together, and hence the planking and perhaps, by pars pro toto, the whole ship (see AEW: sýja 1, 2; Þul Skipa 5/3III and Note).

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ísugar ‘the icy’

ísugr (adj.): [icy]

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The images of the hulls of the Jómsvíkingar’s fleet battling through icy waves are reminiscent of ÞGísl Búdr 2, where the same voyage is described.

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