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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arn Hardr 3II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Haraldsdrápa 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 263-4.

Arnórr jarlaskáld ÞórðarsonHaraldsdrápa
234

hvergi ‘nowhere’

1. hvergi (adv.): nowhere

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heið ‘The bright’

2. heið (noun n.; °; -): clear sky < heiðmærr (adj.)

notes

[2] heiðmærr ‘bright-renowned’: The spelling ‘mę́iʀ’ in Mork must be a corruption of mærr in H, Hr, while Flat’s mildr ‘mild, generous’ is probably secondary. Heið- is here equated with the adj. heiðr ‘clear, bright, radiant’ or the related noun heið f. ‘brightness of the sky’; cf. the figurative heiðr orðrómr ‘radiant reputation’ (SnSt Ht 14/1, 8III). Heiðr m. ‘honour, glory’ is also possible, but would be tautological in this cpd. The first element could alternatively be heið f. ‘gift, reward, pay’ as in heiðmaðr, heiðþegi, of men in a ruler’s pay, hence heiðmærr ‘renowned for bounty’.

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mærr ‘renowned’

2. mærr (adj.): famous < heiðmærr (adj.)

[2] ‑mærr (‘mær’): so H, Hr, ‘mę́irr’ Mork, mildr Flat

notes

[2] heiðmærr ‘bright-renowned’: The spelling ‘mę́iʀ’ in Mork must be a corruption of mærr in H, Hr, while Flat’s mildr ‘mild, generous’ is probably secondary. Heið- is here equated with the adj. heiðr ‘clear, bright, radiant’ or the related noun heið f. ‘brightness of the sky’; cf. the figurative heiðr orðrómr ‘radiant reputation’ (SnSt Ht 14/1, 8III). Heiðr m. ‘honour, glory’ is also possible, but would be tautological in this cpd. The first element could alternatively be heið f. ‘gift, reward, pay’ as in heiðmaðr, heiðþegi, of men in a ruler’s pay, hence heiðmærr ‘renowned for bounty’.

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skeiðir ‘the warships’

1. skeið (noun f.; °-ar; -r/-ar/-ir): ship

[2] skeiðir: skeiðar Flat

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und ‘under’

3. und (prep.): under, underneath

[3] und: so H, Hr, und und Mork, með Flat

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golli ‘gold’

gull (noun n.): gold

[3] golli: ‘glle’ Hr

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roðnum ‘reddened’

rjóða (verb): to redden

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geir ‘spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear < geirjalmr (noun m.): [spear-clangour]

kennings

geirjalm,
‘spear-clangour, ’
   = BATTLE

spear-clangour, → BATTLE
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jalm ‘clangour’

jalmr (noun m.): screech, noise < geirjalmr (noun m.): [spear-clangour]

kennings

geirjalm,
‘spear-clangour, ’
   = BATTLE

spear-clangour, → BATTLE
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hjalmi ‘helmet’

1. hjalmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): helmet

[4] hjalmi: hjalm Flat, hjalma Hr

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raufsk ‘shattered’

rjúfa (verb): break

[5] raufsk: so H, Hr, rauzk Mork, Flat

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skúfar ‘swords’

1. skúfr (noun m.): [swords]

[5] skúfar: skúfa Flat

notes

[5] skúfar ‘swords’: Skúfr, in the sense ‘sword’, otherwise only occurs in Þul Sverða 2/1III (mss ‘stvfr’ and ‘skofr’), where the entry could well derive from Arnórr’s verse. Skúfr may originally have meant ‘sword with a tassel at the hilt’, since the same form is recorded in prose with the sense ‘tassel, tuft’ (Falk 1914, 60; Alexander Jóhannesson 1951-6, 821).

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skaut ‘shot’

skjóta (verb): shoot

[6] skaut: so all others, skautt Mork

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hodd ‘the hoard’

1. hodd (noun f.): gold, treasure < hoddglǫtuðr (noun m.): [hoard-destroyer]

[6] hoddglǫtuðr: ‘haudd glautundr’ Flat, hodd hrǫðuðr Hr

kennings

hoddglǫtuðr,
‘the hoard-destroyer, ’
   = GENEROUS RULER

the hoard-destroyer, → GENEROUS RULER
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glǫtuðr ‘destroyer’

glǫtuðr (noun m.): destroyer < hoddglǫtuðr (noun m.): [hoard-destroyer]

[6] hoddglǫtuðr: ‘haudd glautundr’ Flat, hodd hrǫðuðr Hr

kennings

hoddglǫtuðr,
‘the hoard-destroyer, ’
   = GENEROUS RULER

the hoard-destroyer, → GENEROUS RULER
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oddum ‘spear-points’

oddr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): point of weapon

[6] oddum: broddum H, Hr

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brynjur ‘the mail-coats’

1. brynja (noun f.; °-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur): mailcoat

[7] brynjur: ‘brynir’ Flat

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gǫgnum ‘through’

gegnum (prep.): through

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buðlungr ‘the monarch’

buðlungr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, prince

[8] buðlungr: buðlung Flat

notes

[8] buðlungr ‘the monarch’: (a) This nom. sg. form is taken above in apposition to hoddglǫtuðr ‘hoard-destroyer’, as subject to the verb skaut ‘shot’ (l. 7). (b) The Flat variant buðlung does not make sense in the context. (c) Finnur Jónsson in Skj B emended to gen. sg. buðlungs, which he took with skjaldborg (l. 5), hence ‘the prince’s shield-wall’; Kock (NN §838) preferred skúfar buðlungs ‘the prince’s swords’.

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sungu ‘sang out’

syngja (verb): sing

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In Mork and Flat, the st. follows immediately upon st. 2. In H-Hr, the brief statement is interjected, that Sveinn’s ship was so thoroughly cleared that all its crew were dead but for those who had leapt into the sea or onto smaller ships.

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