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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Heildr 2VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Heilags anda drápa 2’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 452-3.

Anonymous PoemsHeilags anda drápa
123

líða ‘pass away’

1. líða (verb): move, glide

notes

[1] líða ‘pass away’: Kock (NN §2335) objects to what he regards as excessive alliteration (on f and l) in this l., and emends to hlíða, 3rd pers. pl. pres. indic. of hlíða ‘to give way, move aside’, construed with lestir ‘flaws’ (l. 1). He is anticipated by Rydberg.

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friðr ‘Peace’

friðr (noun m.): peace

notes

[2] friðr... þeim er iðrask synda ‘peace ... for those who repent their sins’: Recalls Gamlkan Has 25/3, which also occurs in a context concerning the promise of salvation to the penitent.

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þeim ‘those’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[2] friðr... þeim er iðrask synda ‘peace ... for those who repent their sins’: Recalls Gamlkan Has 25/3, which also occurs in a context concerning the promise of salvation to the penitent.

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er ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

notes

[2] friðr... þeim er iðrask synda ‘peace ... for those who repent their sins’: Recalls Gamlkan Has 25/3, which also occurs in a context concerning the promise of salvation to the penitent.

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synda ‘sins’

synð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): sin

notes

[2] friðr... þeim er iðrask synda ‘peace ... for those who repent their sins’: Recalls Gamlkan Has 25/3, which also occurs in a context concerning the promise of salvation to the penitent.

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iðrask ‘repent’

iðra (verb): repent

[2] iðrask: so 399a‑bˣ, BFJ, ‘i[...]’ B, ‘id[...](z)’(?) BRydberg

notes

[2] friðr... þeim er iðrask synda ‘peace ... for those who repent their sins’: Recalls Gamlkan Has 25/3, which also occurs in a context concerning the promise of salvation to the penitent.

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hljóta ‘receive’

hljóta (verb): alot, gain

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lífsins ‘of life’

líf (noun n.; °-s; -): life

notes

[4] brunni lífsins ‘spring of life’: This is one of a cluster of metaphors characterising the Holy Spirit as a spring or river. Compare brunnr miskunnar ‘spring of mercy’ in 8/4, eilífr ok heilagr brunnr ‘eternal and holy spring’ in 12/6, and brunnr vits ‘spring of wisdom’ in 16/2. Such epithets are widespread in medieval devotional literature and hymnody, and their ultimate source is undoubtedly biblical. Brunnr lífsins appears to be a calque on Jer. II.13, where God describes himself as fons aquae vitae ‘the fountain of the water of life’. The image of God as the source of life-restoring water is one of the most common biblical metaphors, perhaps the most common occurrences of which are Ezekiel’s vision of the river of life (Ezek. XLVII.1-12), S. John’s parallel vision of the crystal-clear river in Rev. XXII.1-2, and Christ’s claim to be the source of life-giving water in John IV.14.

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brunni ‘spring’

brunnr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): spring, well

notes

[4] brunni lífsins ‘spring of life’: This is one of a cluster of metaphors characterising the Holy Spirit as a spring or river. Compare brunnr miskunnar ‘spring of mercy’ in 8/4, eilífr ok heilagr brunnr ‘eternal and holy spring’ in 12/6, and brunnr vits ‘spring of wisdom’ in 16/2. Such epithets are widespread in medieval devotional literature and hymnody, and their ultimate source is undoubtedly biblical. Brunnr lífsins appears to be a calque on Jer. II.13, where God describes himself as fons aquae vitae ‘the fountain of the water of life’. The image of God as the source of life-restoring water is one of the most common biblical metaphors, perhaps the most common occurrences of which are Ezekiel’s vision of the river of life (Ezek. XLVII.1-12), S. John’s parallel vision of the crystal-clear river in Rev. XXII.1-2, and Christ’s claim to be the source of life-giving water in John IV.14.

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Greindr ‘The discerning’

greina (verb): explain, divide

[5] Greindr: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘Gr[...]índr’ B

notes

[5] greindr skínn ok orð andi ‘the discerning spirit shines and the word ...’: Repetition of the first words of a stef, the remainder of which is lost in the lacuna preceding fol. 10r, is indicated by the obelos symbol in the right-hand margin.

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skínn ‘shines’

skína (verb): shine

notes

[5] greindr skínn ok orð andi ‘the discerning spirit shines and the word ...’: Repetition of the first words of a stef, the remainder of which is lost in the lacuna preceding fol. 10r, is indicated by the obelos symbol in the right-hand margin.

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orð ‘the word’

orð (noun n.; °-s; -): word

notes

[5] greindr skínn ok orð andi ‘the discerning spirit shines and the word ...’: Repetition of the first words of a stef, the remainder of which is lost in the lacuna preceding fol. 10r, is indicated by the obelos symbol in the right-hand margin.

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ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

notes

[5] greindr skínn ok orð andi ‘the discerning spirit shines and the word ...’: Repetition of the first words of a stef, the remainder of which is lost in the lacuna preceding fol. 10r, is indicated by the obelos symbol in the right-hand margin.

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andi ‘spirit’

andi (noun m.; °-a; -ar): spirit, soul

notes

[5] greindr skínn ok orð andi ‘the discerning spirit shines and the word ...’: Repetition of the first words of a stef, the remainder of which is lost in the lacuna preceding fol. 10r, is indicated by the obelos symbol in the right-hand margin.

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‘…’

(non-lexical)

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