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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (HSig) 1II

Kari Ellen Gade and Diana Whaley (eds) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 815-16.

Anonymous LausavísurLausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar
12

This st. (Anon (HSig) 1) is recorded in Mork (Mork), Flat (Flat), FskBˣ, FskAˣ (Fsk), H, Hr (H-Hr) and mss , 39, F, E, J2ˣ of Hkr, and it is anonymous in all mss. Mork, which offers the best reading, is the main ms.

Skôru jast ór osti
eybaugs Dana meyjar
— þat of angraði þengil
þing — akkerishringa.
Nú sér mǫrg í morgun
mær — hlær at því færi —
ernan krók ór jarni
allvalds skipum halda.

Meyjar Dana {eybaugs} skôru akkerishringa ór jastosti; þat þing of angraði þengil. Nú í morgun sér mǫrg mær ernan krók ór jarni halda skipum allvalds; færi hlær at því.

The girls of the Danes {of the island-ring} [SEA] carved anchor-rings from yeast-cheese; that object angered the lord. Now this morning many a maiden sees a powerful hook of iron holding the mighty ruler’s ships; fewer laugh at that.

Mss: Mork(8v) (Mork); Flat(197va) (Flat); H(44v), Hr(32ra) (H-Hr); FskBˣ(70r), FskAˣ(262) (Fsk); Kˣ(541v), 39(23va), F(45va), E(15v), J2ˣ(269v) (Hkr)

Readings: [1] jast: oss FskBˣ, FskAˣ;    ór: er FskBˣ, af FskAˣ    [3] þat: þau E;    of: om. Flat, FskBˣ, FskAˣ, Kˣ, 39, F, J2ˣ;    angraði: ǫngruðu E    [5] mǫrg í: ‘mægi’ Flat;    morgun: morgin Flat, H, Hr, 39, F    [7] ernan: œrnan H, Hr, 39, E;    ór: af FskBˣ    [8] allvalds: allvaldr Flat, ‘alldzualldz’ E

Editions: Skj AI, 425-6, Skj BI, 395, Skald I, 196, NN §§909, 1953A; Mork 1867, 52, Mork 1928-32, 157, Andersson and Gade 2000, 195-6, 475 (MH); Flat 1860-8, III, 336 (MH); Fms 6, 253-4 (HSig ch. 48); ÍF 29, 252 (ch. 55); ÍF 28, 110-11 (HSig ch. 32), F 1871, 211, E 1916, 54-5.

Context: The daughters of the Dan. chieftain Þorkell geysir ‘Big-mouth’ mock King Haraldr harðráði of Norway by carving anchor-rings from cheese, saying that these will suffice to secure his ships. Haraldr arrives in Denmark, burns Þorkell’s farmstead and captures his daughters (c. 1048).

Notes: [All]: For this campaign, see also Hharð Lv 4, ÞjóðA Lv 2, Bǫlv Hardr 8 and Grani Har 1-2. — [1] ór jastosti ‘from yeast-cheese’: Kock (NN §1953A) objected to this tmesis and suggested the reading skru jastar osti translated as skuro av jästost ‘cut from yeast-cheese’. That reading is not supported by any ms. Jastostr is a hap. leg. and it is not clear what type of cheese this could have been (see ÍF 28, 100 n.; Grøn 1927, 100). Skj B translates it as myseost, a brown cheese made from the whey of cow’s milk, which is, however, not made with yeast. The Fsk variant, skru oss ór osti ‘cut for us from cheese’, is secondary and leaves the l. with faulty internal rhyme. — [2] Dana eybaugs ‘of the Danes of the island-ring [SEA]’: Designates the inhabitants of coastal Denmark (cf. sæbyggvar ‘people living by the sea’; Fritzner: sæbyggi; NN §909; see also Eydanir ‘Island-Danes’ in ÞjóðA Har 6/2 and Mark Eirdr 22/8). Eybaugs could also qualify þing ‘object’ (l. 4) in which case þat þing eybaugs ‘that object of the island-ring (i.e. sea)’ would refer to the anchor rings (so ÍF 28; ÍF 29). Skj B opts for the latter, but adopts the E variant: þau þing eybaugs of ǫngruðu þengil ‘those objects of the island-ring angered the lord’ (ll. 2-4). — [3] of angraði ‘angered’: The expletive particle of is archaic and must represent the original reading (see Gade 2000). — [4] akkerishringa ‘anchor-rings’: Refers to the ring on top of the anchor through which the rope passed (see Falk 1912, 78-9). — [7] ernan ‘powerful, vigorous’: Skj B and Skald give the variant œrnan (so H, Hr, 39, E) from œrinn ‘plentiful’.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  6. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  7. Gade, Kari Ellen. 2000. ‘Poetry and its Changing Importance in Medieval Icelandic Culture’. In Clunies Ross 2000a, 61-95.
  8. Falk, Hjalmar. 1912. Altnordisches Seewesen. Wörter und Sachen 4. Heidelberg: Winter.
  9. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  10. Fritzner = Fritzner, Johan. 1883-96. Ordbog over det gamle norske sprog. 3 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske forlagsforening. 4th edn. Rpt. 1973. Oslo etc.: Universitetsforlaget.
  11. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  12. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  13. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  14. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  15. Grøn, Fredrik. 1927. Om kostholdet i Norge indtil 1500. Oslo: Dybwad.
  16. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  17. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  18. Internal references
  19. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  20. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Flateyjarbók (Flat)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxi-clxii.
  21. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  22. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  23. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  24. Not published: do not cite (HSigII)
  25. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
  26. Kari Ellen Gade and Diana Whaley (eds) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 815-16.
  27. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bǫlverkr Arnórsson, Drápa about Haraldr harðráði 8’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 293.
  28. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Grani skáld, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 296-7.
  29. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 46-7.
  30. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 22’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 450-1.
  31. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Lausavísur 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 165-6.
  32. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Stanzas about Haraldr Sigurðarson’s leiðangr 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 156-7.
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