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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Heildr 1VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Heilags anda drápa 1’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 451-2.

Anonymous PoemsHeilags anda drápa
12

‘…’

(non-lexical)

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líf ‘’

líf (noun n.; °-s; -): life < lífga (verb): stimulate, revive

[1] lífgaðra: so 399a‑bˣ, BFJ, ‘lifg[...]dra’ B, BRydberg

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gaðra ‘of revived’

-ga: [revived] < lífga (verb): stimulate, revive

[1] lífgaðra: so 399a‑bˣ, BFJ, ‘lifg[...]dra’ B, BRydberg

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Blíðr ‘Blessed’

blíðr (adj.; °n. sg. nom. & acc. blítt/blíðt; compar. -ari, superl. -astr): gentle, happy

kennings

Blíðr frömuðr ástar,
‘Blessed promoter of love, ’
   = God

Blessed promoter of love, → God
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þrif ‘the prosperity’

þrif (noun n.; °; -): prosperity

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frömuðr ‘promoter’

frǫmuðr (noun m.): promoter

kennings

Blíðr frömuðr ástar,
‘Blessed promoter of love, ’
   = God

Blessed promoter of love, → God
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ástar ‘of love’

ást (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): love

kennings

Blíðr frömuðr ástar,
‘Blessed promoter of love, ’
   = God

Blessed promoter of love, → God
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lemið ‘you suppress’

lemja (verb): beat, make lame

[4] lemið synd: ‘lemid syn[...]’ B, ‘lennd syne’ 399a‑bˣ, ‘læmid syn(d)’(?) BRydberg, ‘lemid synd’ BFJ

notes

[4] lemið ‘you suppress’: This edn follows Rydberg and Skj B in retaining B’s ‘lemid’, 2nd pers. pl. of lemja ‘to beat, thrash, suppress’, addressed to God, the frömuðr ástar ‘promoter of love’ of l. 3. Kock (NN §1402) proposes an emendation to lemr, 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of lemja, taking the three verbal forms lífgar (l. 2), lemr (l. 4) and eykr (l. 4) to be parallel references to the Holy Spirit.

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synd ‘sin’

synð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): sin

[4] lemið synd: ‘lemid syn[...]’ B, ‘lennd syne’ 399a‑bˣ, ‘læmid syn(d)’(?) BRydberg, ‘lemid synd’ BFJ

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‘…’

(non-lexical)

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endr ‘of re’

endr (adv.): formerly, once, again < endrbera (verb): °genfødes

notes

[5] endrbornar hér ‘of reborn (people) here’: Skj B, followed by Skald, emends to endrbornum, taking endrbornum her ‘the reborn army’, i.e. Christians, as the dat. indirect object with eykr yndi ‘he augments joy’. B’s endrbornar can be retained if it is assumed to be a syncopated form of the f. gen. sg. form of the adj. endrborinnar, agreeing with þjóðar (l. 2), and if B’s ‘her’ is construed as the adv. hér ‘here’. Theologically, a soul is reborn at Baptism and thus exists on earth (‘here’) in a reborn spiritual state until earthly death brings it to its heavenly apotheosis.

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bornar ‘born’

3. bera (verb; °berr; bar, báru; borinn): bear, carry < endrbera (verb): °genfødes

notes

[5] endrbornar hér ‘of reborn (people) here’: Skj B, followed by Skald, emends to endrbornum, taking endrbornum her ‘the reborn army’, i.e. Christians, as the dat. indirect object with eykr yndi ‘he augments joy’. B’s endrbornar can be retained if it is assumed to be a syncopated form of the f. gen. sg. form of the adj. endrborinnar, agreeing with þjóðar (l. 2), and if B’s ‘her’ is construed as the adv. hér ‘here’. Theologically, a soul is reborn at Baptism and thus exists on earth (‘here’) in a reborn spiritual state until earthly death brings it to its heavenly apotheosis.

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hér ‘here’

hér (adv.): here

notes

[5] endrbornar hér ‘of reborn (people) here’: Skj B, followed by Skald, emends to endrbornum, taking endrbornum her ‘the reborn army’, i.e. Christians, as the dat. indirect object with eykr yndi ‘he augments joy’. B’s endrbornar can be retained if it is assumed to be a syncopated form of the f. gen. sg. form of the adj. endrborinnar, agreeing with þjóðar (l. 2), and if B’s ‘her’ is construed as the adv. hér ‘here’. Theologically, a soul is reborn at Baptism and thus exists on earth (‘here’) in a reborn spiritual state until earthly death brings it to its heavenly apotheosis.

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forna* ‘ancient’

forn (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): ancient, old

[5] forna*: fornar all

notes

[5] forna* ‘ancient’: This edn agrees with Skj B in emending B’s fornar to forna, f. acc. sg. of adj. forn ‘old’, agreeing with synd (l. 4). Kock (NN §1402) takes forna as qualifying yndi endrbornar, translating ökar forna fröjden för pånyttet folk ‘he [the Holy Spirit] augments ancient pleasure for reborn people’.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Several pp. are missing from B before 10r. Despite the fact that, in B, the initial letters of sts are enlarged uncials, and that the first of these is Fæsk (fol. 10r, l. 2, 2/1), Sveinbjörn Egilsson (1844) assumes sts 1 and 2 to be matching helmingar and prints them as one st., omitting 2/5. His st. numbering thus remains one in arrears throughout the poem.

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