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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Jarlsníð — Þjsk JarlI

Þorleifr jarlsskáld Rauðfeldarson

Kate Heslop 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þorleifr jarlsskáld Rauðfeldarson, Jarlsníð’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 372.

 

This single helmingr (Þjsk Jarl) is preserved only in ÞorlJ, where it is said to be the beginning (upphaf) of the Þokuvísur ‘Fog Vísur’, part of a composite poem JarlsníðNíð against the jarl’. Jarlsníð appears to be a title, but could alternatively be taken as a descriptive phrase. Þorleifr’s composition of níð or abuse about Hákon jarl Sigurðarson (r. c. 970-c. 995) is the best-attested element in his biography. It is the topic of Svtjúg Lv, where Jarlsníð occurs in l. 4; see also Hhal Lv, Context, as well as ÞorlJ (ÍF 9, 220-3), Snegl (ÍF 9, 285-6), ÓTOdd (ÍF 25, 191) and HaukrV Ísldr 18IV. The helmingr is also the only one of those attributed to Þorleifr in ÞorlJ whose authenticity has not been seriously doubted, though Almqvist (1965-74, I, 186-205), in his excellent study of the poetry in ÞorlJ, suggests it may originally have stood in the narrative where Lv 5 (almost certainly a later composition) now is. The mss used here are Flat as main ms., 4867ˣ and 563aˣ (see the entry for ÞorlJ in ‘Sources’ in Introduction to this volume).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. ÍF 9 = Eyfirðinga sǫgur. Ed. Jónas Kristjánsson. 1956.
  3. ÍF 25 = Færeyinga saga; Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar eptir Odd munk Snorrason. Ed. Ólafur Halldórsson. 2006.
  4. Almqvist, Bo. 1965-74. Norrön niddiktning: Traditionshistoriska studier i versmagi. I: Nid mot furstar. II: Nid mot missionärer: Senmedeltid nidtraditioner. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell.
  5. Internal references
  6. Not published: do not cite (ÞorlJI)
  7. Not published: do not cite (SneglII)
  8. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar by Oddr Snorrason (ÓTOdd)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxxiv-clxxv.
  9. Kate Heslop 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Hallbjǫrn hali, Lausavísa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 362.
  10. Matthew Townend 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Sveinn tjúguskegg Haraldsson, Lausavísa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 379.
  11. Not published: do not cite (HaukrV Ísldr 18IV)
  12. Not published: do not cite ()
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