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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þórálfs drápa Skólmssonar — ÞSjár ÞórdrI

Þórðr Særeksson (Sjáreksson)

Kari Ellen Gade 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þórðr Særeksson (Sjáreksson), Þórálfs drápa Skólmssonar’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 236.

 

Þórálfs drápa SkólmssonarDrápa about Þórálfr Skólmsson’ (ÞSjár Þórdr) commemorates the bravery of the Icelander Þórálfr inn sterki ‘the Strong’ Skólmsson who fought alongside the Norwegian king Hákon inn góði ‘the good’ Haraldsson at the battle of Fitjar c. 961 (for this battle, see also Eyv Lv 1-5, Eyv Hák 2-7 and Glúmr Lv; for Hákon and the battle, see ‘Ruler biographies’ in Introduction to this volume). Þórálfr lived at Myrká in Iceland and is also mentioned in HaukrV Ísldr 13IV as well as in Ldn (ÍF 1, 257), Grettis saga (ÍF 7, 187) and Orms þáttr Stórólfssonar (Flat 1860-8, I, 524). The name of the poet is given in Hkr, Fsk, and ÓT, and both Hkr and ÓT indicate that the stanzas belonged to a drápa: Þess getr Þórðr Sjáreksson í drápu þeiri, er hann orti um Þórálf ‘Þórðr relates this in the drápa that he composed about Þórálfr’ (introduction to st. 1, ÍF 26, 187). Because the other encomia attributed to Þórðr commemorate events from the time of Óláfr Haraldsson (Klœingr c. 1014 and Róðdr c. 1026 below) it appears hardly likely that he could have been a contemporary of Þórálfr Skólmsson. Hence the present drápa may have been composed well after the event, whether by Þórðr or another poet. Only Fsk (FskBˣ, FskAˣ) contains all four stanzas, in the order presented below. Hkr (, F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ) and ÓT (61, 325IX 1a, Bb) have sts 1, 2, 3/1-4, and 4, and the Flat text of ÓT has sts 1, 2; in both Hkr and ÓT st. 4 is given as ll. 5-8 of st. 3. is the main ms. for sts 1, 2 and 4, while FskBˣ is the main ms. for st. 3. In Skj Finnur Jónsson (followed by Kock in Skald) rearranges the stanzas and places our st. 4 after st. 1. Because st. 4 forms the conclusion of the poem in all sagas, however, the order of stanzas in Fsk has been retained here. The extant stanzas and helmingar fit loosely together, which leads to the suspicion that they may have been excised out of order from the poem to document the events described in the prose.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  4. ÍF 1 (parts 1 and 2) = Íslendingabók; Landnámabók. Ed. Jakob Benediktsson. 1968. Rpt. as one volume 1986.
  5. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  6. ÍF 7 = Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar. Ed. Guðni Jónsson. 1936.
  7. Internal references
  8. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  9. Not published: do not cite (LdnIV)
  10. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  11. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘The Greatest Saga of Óláfr Tryggvason / Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar in mesta (ÓT)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxiii-clxvi.
  12. 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Orms þáttr Stórólfssonar’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 602.
  13. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Glúmr Geirason, Lausavísa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 266.
  14. Kari Ellen Gade 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þórðr Særeksson (Sjáreksson), Flokkr about Klœingr Brúsason’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 241.
  15. Kari Ellen Gade 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þórðr Særeksson (Sjáreksson), Róðudrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 242.
  16. R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 176.
  17. Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Lausavísur 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 215.
  18. Not published: do not cite (HaukrV Ísldr 13IV)
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Information about a text: poem, sequence of stanzas, or prose work

This page is used for different resources. For groups of stanzas such as poems, you will see the verse text and, where published, the translation of each stanza. These are also links to information about the individual stanzas.

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