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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Róðudrápa — ÞSjár RóðdrI

Þórðr Særeksson (Sjáreksson)

Kari Ellen Gade 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þórðr Særeksson (Sjáreksson), Róðudrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 242.

 

This is the only remaining stanza of Róðudrápa ‘Cross Drápa’ (ÞSjár Róðdr), which Þórðr composed in memory of King Óláfr Haraldsson (S. Óláfr, d. 1030), although Finnur Jónsson (LH I, 604) tentatively suggests that ÞSjár Frag 1III may also have belonged to that poem. The name of the poet is given as Þórðr Sjáreksson or Særeksson (K, , 325IX 2, 325XI 1, Holm2, J2ˣ, Holm4, FskAˣ), Þórðr Háreksson (DG8), Þóroddr Sjáreksson (68), Þórðr svartaskáld (61, 325V) and Þórðr Svartsson (75c, Flat, Bb). The title of the poem is transmitted as Róðadrápa (Hkr and most of the mss of ÓH) or Róðudrápa (61, 325V; Flat has Hróðudrápa). The ON noun róða ‘cross’ (< OE rōd ‘rood, cross’) is a weak f., hence we should expect róðu- rather than róða-. The stanza commemorates the battle of Á in helga (Helgeå) c. 1026, where the allies Óláfr Haraldsson and the Swedish king Ǫnundr Óláfsson fought against King Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson (Cnut the Great) of Denmark and England. The stanza is preserved on the surviving leaf of the K vellum, which has been chosen as the main ms. Ms. is copied at this point from J (= J2ˣ, which is an ÓH ms. here), with marginal variants from K in the hand of Árni Magnússon. The stanza is also transmitted in the ÓH mss listed below, in FskAˣ (Fsk) and in DG8 (ÓHLeg, ll. 5-8 only).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. LH = Finnur Jónsson. 1920-4. Den oldnorske og oldislandske litteraturs historie. 3 vols. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Gad.
  3. Internal references
  4. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  5. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘The Legendary Saga of S. Óláfr / Helgisaga Óláfs konungs Haraldssonar (ÓHLeg)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. clxxiii.
  6. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘The Separate Saga of S. Óláfr / Óláfs saga helga in sérstaka (ÓH)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxxvi-clxxix.
  7. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  8. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Þórðr Særeksson (Sjáreksson), Fragments 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 476.
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Information about a text: poem, sequence of stanzas, or prose work

This page is used for different resources. For groups of stanzas such as poems, you will see the verse text and, where published, the translation of each stanza. These are also links to information about the individual stanzas.

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