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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Lausavísa — Hákg LvI

Hákon inn góði Haraldsson

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Hákon inn góði Haraldsson, Lausavísa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 153.

 

This isolated helmingr (Hákg Lv) is preserved only within the Fsk account of the battle of Fitjar (c. 961). It is presented as King Hákon’s response to Eyv Lv 3, which Fsk calls a gamankviðling ‘game-ditty’, and so the pair may perhaps have been devised to illustrate the claim of Eyv Hák 4 that the king was cheerful and joked with his men before the battle: see Olsen (1962a, 6). Kock (NN §1927) likens the sentiment expressed in ll. 1, 4 concerning loyal repayment of a lord’s generosity, to that of Beowulf ll. 2633–38a and The Fight at Finnsburg ll. 37–40. He seems convinced of Hákon’s authorship, as he says the similarity of sentiment is not surprising in a foster-son of the English king Æthelstan. Poole (1988, 175) argues that these two helmingar attributed to Eyvindr and Hákon, along with Eyv Lv 1, 2, 4 and 5, formed part of a narrative poem by Eyvindr about the battle. The mss of Fsk (all paper transcripts) are listed below; 51ˣ is chosen as the main ms. here.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Olsen, Magnus. 1962a. Edda- og Skaldekvad. Forarbeider til kommentar. VI. Eyvindr Skáldaspillir, Glúmr Geirason, Einarr Skálaglamm. Avhandlingar utgitt av Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo II. Hist.-filos. kl. new ser. 4. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
  4. Poole, Russell. 1988. ‘The Cooperative Principle in Medieval Interpretations of Skaldic Verse: Snorri Sturluson, Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, and Eyvindr Skáldaspillir’. JEGP 87, 159-78.
  5. Internal references
  6. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  7. R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál 4’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 178.
  8. Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Lausavísur 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 215.
  9. Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Lausavísur 3’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 218.
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Information about a text: poem, sequence of stanzas, or prose work

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