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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Laufás Edda — LaufE

 

Vol. I. Poetry for Scandinavian Rulers 1: From Mythological Times to c. 1035 8. Volume Introduction 3. Sources for skaldic poetry cited in the kings’ sagas: manuscripts, facsimiles and editions 3.3. Other sources 2. Laufás-Edda (LaufE)

2. Laufás-Edda (LaufE)

Stemma (adapted from LaufE 1979, 51)

Manuscripts: X branch

758ˣ:    AM 758 4°ˣ (c. 1609, Magnús Ólafsson’s autograph copy). Not used in SkP I.

papp10ˣ: Holm papp 10 4°ˣ (c. 1650-1700).

1494ˣ:   Thott 1494 4°ˣ (c. 1650-1700). Not used in SkP I.

164ˣ:    AM 164 8°ˣ (c. 1650-1700). Not used in SkP I.

Manuscripts: Y branch

2368ˣ:   GKS 2368 4°ˣ (c. 1650).

743ˣ:    AM 743 4°ˣ (written by Ketill Jörundsson (1603-70)).

21 6 7 IIˣ: Adv 21 6 7 IIˣ (1750-3, written by Jón Egilsson á Stóra Vatnshorni í Haukadal). An interpolated ms. (see LaufE 1979, 129-31).

Edition: LaufE 1979.

LaufE is a seventeenth-century adaptation of SnE by Magnús Ólafsson of Laufás based on the W ms. of SnE, but probably including material from now lost parts of this ms.; he also used other sources including more than one other lost ms. of SnE (Faulkes, LaufE 1979, 159-77). Both the X branch and the more extensive Y branch mss ultimately derive from Magnús Ólafsson, with the Y version most likely representing an earlier draft (ibid., 53).

Poetry

LaufE contains medieval poetry not recorded in other sources (see SkP III), together with a wealth of material from poems otherwise preserved in the kings’ sagas. Of this the majority comes from the period after 1035 and hence is edited in SkP II (see p. lxxviii), but eighteen verse fragments come from the early period and are edited in this volume. Most are not of independent value, being copied from extant parts of W, but Þjóð Yt 18, Eskál Vell 35, Eskál Lv 3 and Ólhelg Lv 2 are of textual value; see also Note to Eskál Vell 7/5-6.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. LaufE 1979 = Faulkes, Anthony, ed. 1979. Edda Magnúsar Ólafssonar (Laufás Edda). RSÁM 13. Vol. I of Two Versions of Snorra Edda from the 17th Century. Reykjavík: Stofnun Árna Magnússonar, 1977-9.
  3. SkP I = Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Ed. Diana Whaley. 2012.
  4. SkP III = Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Ed. Kari Ellen Gade in collaboration with Edith Marold. 2017.
  5. SkP II = Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Ed. Kari Ellen Gade. 2009.
  6. Internal references
  7. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  8. Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 35’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 327.
  9. Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 7’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 291.
  10. Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Lausavísur 3’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 333.
  11. Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Óláfr inn helgi Haraldsson, Lausavísur 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 518.
  12. Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal 18’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 40.
  13. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Laufás Edda (LaufE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 8. Introduction 4. Sources for Skaldic Poetry Cited in the Kings' Sagas 3. Other sources 2. Laufás Edda (LaufE)

2. Laufás Edda (LaufE)

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Laufás Edda (LaufE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

Stemma (adapted from LaufE 1979, 51)

  • 758x
    • m
      • papp10x
      • n
        • 1404x
        • 164x

Manuscripts: X branch

758ˣ:       AM 758 4°ˣ (Magnús Ólafsson’s autograph copy, c. 1609).

papp10ˣ: Holm papp 10 4°ˣ (second half of the C17th).

1494ˣ:     Thott 1494 4°ˣ (second half of the C17th). Not used in SkP II.

164ˣ:       AM 164 8°ˣ (late C17th). Not used in SkP II.

Manuscripts: Y branch

2368ˣ:     GKS 2368 4°ˣ (mid-C17th).

743ˣ:       AM 743 4°ˣ (C17th, by Ketill Jörundsson (1603-70)).

21 6 7 IIˣ: Adv 21 6 7 IIˣ (1750-3). An interpolated manuscript of LaufE, written by Jón Egilsson á Stóra Vatnshorni í Haukadal (see LaufE 1979, 129-31).

Edition: LaufE 1979.

LaufE is a C17th adaptation of SnE by Magnús Ólafsson based on W, but he also used a manuscript related to A and B (LaufE 1979, 159-60, 170-1). Both the X branch and more extensive Y branch manuscripts ultimately derive from Magnús Ólafsson, with the Y version most likely representing an earlier draft (LaufE 1979, 53).

Poetry

LaufE contains medieval poetry not recorded in other sources (see SkP III), but all the stanzas edited in SkP II found in LaufE are also transmitted elsewhere. The following stanzas are found in both the X and the Y branch: Arn Þorfdr 1, Arn Hryn 6/1-4, Ill Har 1, Rv Lv 7/1-4. In addition, the Y branch mss contain Hharð Gamv 2/1-4, ÞjóðA Sex 27, ÞjóðA Magnfl 1, Arn Magndr 12/5-8, 17/5-8, 19, Arn Þorfdr 2, 4, 24/1-4, Arn Hryn 16/1-4, Arn Hardr 17, Eldj Lv 1/5-8, Balti Sigdr 4. Except for Arn Þorfdr 2 and Rv Lv 7/1-4, which are found in Orkn, and Eldj Lv 1/5-8 from MberfH-Hr, all these stanzas are transmitted in SnE as well. The editions of the above stanzas in SkP II include variant readings from 758ˣ, papp10ˣ, 2368ˣ and 743ˣ, and, for Arn Þorfdr 14, also 21  6 7 IIˣ.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. LaufE 1979 = Faulkes, Anthony, ed. 1979. Edda Magnúsar Ólafssonar (Laufás Edda). RSÁM 13. Vol. I of Two Versions of Snorra Edda from the 17th Century. Reykjavík: Stofnun Árna Magnússonar, 1977-9.
  3. SkP III = Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Ed. Kari Ellen Gade in collaboration with Edith Marold. 2017.
  4. SkP II = Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Ed. Kari Ellen Gade. 2009.
  5. Internal references
  6. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  7. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Orkneyinga saga (Orkn)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  8. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Haraldsdrápa 17’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 279-80.
  9. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda, Magnússdrápa 16’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 202-3.
  10. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda, Magnússdrápa 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 190-1.
  11. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Magnússdrápa 12’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 221-2.
  12. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bǫðvarr balti, Sigurðardrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 535-6.
  13. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Eldjárn, Lausavísur 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 406-7.
  14. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Gamanvísur 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 36-7.
  15. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Illugi bryndœlaskáld, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 282-3.
  16. Judith Jesch (ed.) 2009, ‘Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali Kolsson, Lausavísur 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 583-4.
  17. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Sexstefja 27’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 140-3.
  18. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Laufás Edda (LaufE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
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Information about a text: poem, sequence of stanzas, or prose work

This page is used for different resources. For groups of stanzas such as poems, you will see the verse text and, where published, the translation of each stanza. These are also links to information about the individual stanzas.

For prose works you will see a list of the stanzas and fragments in that prose work, where relevant, providing links to the individual stanzas.

Where you have access to introduction(s) to the poem or prose work in the database, these will appear in the ‘introduction’ section.

The final section, ‘sources’ is a list of the manuscripts that contain the prose work, as well as manuscripts and prose works linked to stanzas and sections of a text.