Kate Heslop 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þorleifr jarlsskáld Rauðfeldarson, Jarlsníð’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 372.
This single helmingr (Þjsk Jarl) is preserved only in ÞorlJ, where it is said to be the beginning (upphaf) of the Þokuvísur ‘Fog Vísur’, part of a composite poem Jarlsníð ‘Níð against the jarl’. Jarlsníð appears to be a title, but could alternatively be taken as a descriptive phrase. Þorleifr’s composition of níð or abuse about Hákon jarl Sigurðarson (r. c. 970-c. 995) is the best-attested element in his biography. It is the topic of Svtjúg Lv, where Jarlsníð occurs in l. 4; see also Hhal Lv, Context, as well as ÞorlJ (ÍF 9, 220-3), Snegl (ÍF 9, 285-6), ÓTOdd (ÍF 25, 191) and HaukrV Ísldr 18IV. The helmingr is also the only one of those attributed to Þorleifr in ÞorlJ whose authenticity has not been seriously doubted, though Almqvist (1965-74, I, 186-205), in his excellent study of the poetry in ÞorlJ, suggests it may originally have stood in the narrative where Lv 5 (almost certainly a later composition) now is. The mss used here are Flat as main ms., 4867ˣ and 563aˣ (see the entry for ÞorlJ in ‘Sources’ in Introduction to this volume).
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