Hákonarkviða — Sturl HákkvIISturla Þórðarson
Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 699-727.
must have composed Hákonarkviða
about Hákon’ (Sturl Hákkv
) after the news of Hákon’s death (on 16 December 1263) had reached Norway, because the poem contains no apostrophes to Hákon. Such forms of address abound in Sturl Hryn
, the only poem that Sturla composed about Hákon prior to hearing about his demise (see Introduction to Sturl Hryn
). The entire extant poem is preserved in Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar
) and the name is transmitted in Flat (Flat 1860-8
, III, 6
, 22), F (F 1871
) and 304ˣ
, 21). The metre is kviðuháttr
, and, as is always the case with poems composed in this metre, the syntax often obscures helmingr
and stanzaic boundaries (see Introduction, Anon Nkt
). In the present edn, Hákkv
consists of thirty-eight sts as opposed to the forty-two sts given in Skj
(st. 4 = Skj
sts 4-5; st. 9 = Skj
sts 10-11; st. 10 = Skj
sts 12-13; st. 25 = Skj
sts 28-9). Jón Sigurðsson (SnE 1848-87
, III, 391
) suggested that the poem originally contained sixty sts, but that cannot be ascertained. Hákkv
chronicles events from Hákon’s youth (sts 1-3), his ascension to the Norw. throne in 1217 (sts 4-5), the battle against the Ribbungar in Oslo in 1221 (st. 6), the campaign in Värmland in 1225 (sts 7-8), Skúli’s usurpation of the royal title (1239), the battles of Låke and Oslo and Skúli’s death in 1240 (sts 9-24), Hákon’s coronation in 1247 (sts 25-33) and his dealings with the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon in 1249 (sts 34-8). All sts are transmitted in F and Flat (Hák
). AM 81a has all sts (except ll. 2-4 of st. 10) and E, which has been chosen as the main ms., contains all sts except sts 12/7-8 and 26-7. Stanzas 1-8, 9/1-8, 10, 13-18, 22-3, 25, 26/1-2, 26/7-8, 27-8, 30-1 and 34-8 are preserved in 42ˣ
, sts 1-3, 6, 9-15, 17-19, 22-6, 28, 30-8 are found in 8, st. 5 is recorded in 304ˣ
and st. 4 in 325VIII 5 a.
- SnE 1848-87 = Snorri Sturluson. 1848-87. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar: Edda Snorronis Sturlaei. Ed. Jón Sigurðsson et al. 3 vols. Copenhagen: Legatum Arnamagnaeanum. Rpt. Osnabrück: Zeller, 1966.
- Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
- Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
- F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
- Hák 1977-82 = Mundt, Marina, ed. 1977. Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Oslo: Forlagsentralen. Suppl. by James E. Knirk, Rettelser til Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Norrøne tekster 2. Oslo: Norsk historisk kjeldeskrift-institutt, 1982.
- Internal references
- Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
- Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘(Biography of) Sturla Þórðarson’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 392.
- Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Nóregs konungatal’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 761-806.
- Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 676-98.
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