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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Lausavísur — Jǫk LvI

Jǫkull Bárðarson

Diana Whaley 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Jǫkull Bárðarson, Lausavísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 813.

 

The two stanzas (Jǫk Lv 1-2) present a contrast between triumph at gaining command of a ship belonging to Óláfr Haraldsson, and the extremity of severe wounds resulting from the king’s anger. In the prose sources the second stanza is uttered between the first and second blows in Jǫkull’s beheading. Lv 1 is dated to 1029 (by, among others, Árni Magnússon in 761bˣ and the editors of Hkr 1991, 494), and Lv 2 generally to 1030. Finnur Jónsson (LH I, 517) assigns the two to 1028 and 1030, and treats them as authentic, though at the very least the circumstances of the second stanza’s composition must be questioned. Both are cited in Óláfs saga helga, in the Separate version (ÓH, mss listed below) and the Hkr version (ÓHHkr, as main ms.), jointly designated ÓH-Hkr below. Lv 1 but not Lv 2 is cited in Fsk (FskBˣ, FskAˣ).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. LH = Finnur Jónsson. 1920-4. Den oldnorske og oldislandske litteraturs historie. 3 vols. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Gad.
  3. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.
  4. Internal references
  5. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  6. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘The Separate Saga of S. Óláfr / Óláfs saga helga in sérstaka (ÓH)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxxvi-clxxix.
  7. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  8. Not published: do not cite (ÓHHkrI)
  9. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2012, ‘Jǫkull Bárðarson, Lausavísur 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 813.
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Information about a text: poem, sequence of stanzas, or prose work

This page is used for different resources. For groups of stanzas such as poems, you will see the verse text and, where published, the translation of each stanza. These are also links to information about the individual stanzas.

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