Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to ÞjóðA Sex 3II

[5] jǫfri Afríka ‘the prince of Africans’: As the sole direct reference to Africa in the extant skaldic sources, this may have given rise to the saga accounts of triumphs in Africa, but there is some doubt as to whether they are correct. Bjarni Aðalbjarnason takes the jǫfri Afríka (dat. sg. of jǫfurr) to be the Emir Abdallah ‘from Africa’ (frá Afríku), who defended Sicily against the Greeks (ÍF 28, 75 n., and cf. Note to st. 2/2). The normal spelling is Aff-, both in the mss for this st. and generally (see LP: Affríkar), but the hending with jǫfri suggests a form with single <f> here.


  1. Bibliography
  2. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  3. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.


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