Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to ÞjóðA Magn 2II

[8] á grunni sanda ‘on the floor of the sands’: This is taken literally, rather than as a kenning for ‘sea’ (so previous eds, and Meissner 93, who cites sanda land ‘land of sands’ and sandheimr ‘sand-world’ as true sea-kennings), and the sense ‘sandy sea-floor’ seems supported by the sea roaring of ‘over’ the grisly remains in l. 7. Finnur Jónsson takes it as a reference to the sandy bottom of the sea (sandbund), and ÍF 28 and Hkr 1991 to the shore-line or tide-mark.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Meissner = Meissner, Rudolf. 1921. Die Kenningar der Skalden: Ein Beitrag zur skaldischen Poetik. Rheinische Beiträge und Hülfsbücher zur germanischen Philologie und Volkskunde 1. Bonn and Leipzig: Schroeder. Rpt. 1984. Hildesheim etc.: Olms.
  3. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  4. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.


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