Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to ESk Hardr II 2II

[4] háskrautum ‘the tall ships’: See the comparable - in hánǫðru ráfiðris ‘the tall adder of the sailyard-feather’ below (st. 4/3). ÍF 28 and ÍF 29 take Skrauti (dat. pl. Skrautum) as the name of an ox (unattested) and as part of a kenning for ‘ship’: -Skrautum ‘for the oarlock-oxen (i.e., for the ships)’. For other interpretations, see Note to l. 3 above.


  1. Bibliography
  2. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  3. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.


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