Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to ESk Elfv 2II

[3] stôl ‘weapons’: Lit. ‘steels’. Stál ‘steel’ usually denotes ‘sword’, but in the present context the meaning of the word is ambiguous (Skj B and ÍF 28 give the translation ‘arrows’).


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.


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