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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vol. I. Poetry for Scandinavian Rulers 1: From Mythological Times to c. 1035 8. Volume Introduction 4. Biographies 4.1. Ruler biographies 4.1.a. Kings and jarls of Norway 4. Hákon jarl Eiríksson (r. c. 1014-c. 1015)

4. Hákon jarl Eiríksson (r. c. 1014-c. 1015)

On the departure of his father Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson (q. v.) for England c. 1014, Hákon was left in control of Norway, in alliance with his uncle Sveinn Hákonarson, but after the arrival of Óláfr Haraldsson and an encounter with him in Sauðungssund (Sauesund) c. 1015 Hákon was forced to retreat to England. He became a commander of his uncle King Knútr’s forces and was appointed regent over Norway by him c. 1028. He seized ships of Óláfr Haraldsson, but drowned in 1029, on his way back to Norway from a visit to England. See Anon Nkt 25-6II (c. 1190); Theodoricus (MHN 25, 27, 30-1; McDougall and McDougall 1998, 19-20, 22); Ágr (ÍF 29, 24-5, 28; Ágr 2008, 34-7, 40-1); Fsk (ÍF 29, 167, 171-2, 191-3, 196-8; Finlay 2004, 131-3, 137-8, 152-5, 157-8); ÓHHkr (ÍF 27, 461 (index); Hollander 1964a, 836 (index)). Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 281) lists Hákon but only the U redaction names a skald: Bersi (Skáld-)Torfuson.

Events documented in the poetry: Encounter with Óláfr Haraldsson in Sauðungssund (Sauesund) c. 1015 (Sigv Víkv 15; Ótt Hfl 16); Knútr appoints his nephew to rule over Norway c. 1028 (Þloft Tøgdr 6).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. SnE 1848-87 = Snorri Sturluson. 1848-87. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar: Edda Snorronis Sturlaei. Ed. Jón Sigurðsson et al. 3 vols. Copenhagen: Legatum Arnamagnaeanum. Rpt. Osnabrück: Zeller, 1966.
  3. Ágr = [Anonymous] Ágrip af Nóregs konunga sögum.
  4. MHN = Storm, Gustav, ed. 1880. Monumenta historica Norvegiæ: Latinske kildeskrifter til Norges historie i middelalderen. Kristiania (Oslo): Brøgger. Rpt. 1973. Oslo: Aas & Wahl.
  5. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  6. Finlay, Alison, trans. 2004. Fagrskinna: A Catalogue of the Kings of Norway. Leiden: Brill.
  7. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  8. McDougall, David and Ian McDougall, trans. 1998. Theodoricus monachus. Historia de antiquitate regum norwagiensium: An Account of the Ancient History of the Norwegian Kings. Viking Society for Northern Research Text Series 11. University College, London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  9. Theodoricus = Theodrici monachi historia de antiquitate regum Norwagiensium. In MHN 1-68.
  10. Ágr 2008 = Driscoll, Matthew J., ed. and trans. 2008. Ágrip af Nóregskonungasǫgum: A Twelfth-Century Synoptic History of the Kings of Norway. 2nd edn. Viking Society for Northern Research Text Series 10. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  11. Hollander, Lee M., trans. 1964a. Heimskringla: History of the Kings of Norway by Snorri Sturluson. Austin: The American-Scandinavian Foundation. Rpt. 1991 (rpt. cited in SkP II).
  12. Internal references
  13. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  14. Not published: do not cite (ÓHHkrI)
  15. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 25’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 777-8.
  16. Matthew Townend (ed.) 2012, ‘Óttarr svarti, Hǫfuðlausn 16’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 761.
  17. Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Víkingarvísur 15’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 554.
  18. Matthew Townend (ed.) 2012, ‘Þórarinn loftunga, Tøgdrápa 6’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 860.
  19. Not published: do not cite ()
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