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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 8. Introduction 5. Biographies 1. Royal Biographies 2. Kings of Denmark a. Eiríkr I inn góði Sveinsson (r. 1095-1103)

a. Eiríkr I inn góði Sveinsson (r. 1095-1103)

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Eiríkr I inn góði Sveinsson (r. 1095-1103)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

Saga: Knýtl.

Eiríkr inn góði ‘the Good’ was the son of Sveinn Úlfsson, and he became king upon the death of his brother, Óláfr, in 1095 (see Genealogy II in ÍF 35). Eiríkr died in Paphos, Cyprus, on 10 July 1103. See Knýtl (ÍF 35, 212-39; Hermann Pálsson and Edwards 1986, 105-23). See also Saxo (2005, II, xii.1,1-8,1, pp. 62-83), Mork (Mork 1928-32, 329; Andersson and Gade 2000, 307), Fsk (ÍF 29, 311; Finlay 2004, 249-50), Hkr (ÍF 28, 207, 228-9; Hollander 1991, 666, 680), H-Hr (Fms 7, 62-3).

Events documented in poetry: Eiríkr’s campaigns against the heathens in the east and his reception in Russia pre-1095 (Mark Eirdr 3); his return to Denmark (Mark Eirdr 4); his generosity, justice and sapientia (Mark Eirdr 5-7); his journey to Rome, Venice and Bari and his return to Rome (Mark Eirdr 8-10); his stay in Rome and the Pope’s promise to establish an archbishopric on Danish soil (Mark Eirdr 11); the Pope granting all Eiríkr’s requests (Mark Eirdr 12); Eiríkr mobilising the Danish army for an attack on Wendland, which had fallen into the hands of Emperor Henry IV of Saxony (Mark Eirdr 13); the Wendish campaign (Mark Eirdr 14-21); Eiríkr’s return to Denmark (Mark Eirdr 22); his erection of five stone churches in Denmark (Mark Eirdr 23); the king of France sending him gifts and guides for his pilgrimage to Jerusalem (Mark Eirdr 24); the establishment of the archbishopric in Lund and the election of Ǫzurr as the first Danish archbishop (Mark Eirdr 25); Eiríkr embarking on his journey to Jerusalem (Mark Eirdr 26); his reception en route (Mark Eirdr 27); the gifts given to him by the emperor of Constantinople (Mark Eirdr 28); his death in Cyprus in 1103 (Mark Eirdr 29).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  4. Edwards, Paul. 1986. ‘Alcohol into Art: Drink and Poetry in Old Icelandic and Anglo-Saxon’. In Simek et al. 1986, 85-97.
  5. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  6. Finlay, Alison, trans. 2004. Fagrskinna: A Catalogue of the Kings of Norway. Leiden: Brill.
  7. Hollander, Lee M. 1991 = Hollander, Lee M. 1964a.
  8. Internal references
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  10. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  11. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  12. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  13. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 8’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 439-41.
  14. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 442-3.
  15. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 12’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 443-4.
  16. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 444.
  17. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 14’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 445.
  18. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 22’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 450-1.
  19. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 23’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 452-3.
  20. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 24’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 453-4.
  21. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 25’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 454-5.
  22. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 26’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 455-6.
  23. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 27’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 456-7.
  24. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 28’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 457-8.
  25. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 29’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 458-9.
  26. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 435-6.
  27. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 436-7.
  28. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 437-8.
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