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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 8. Introduction 5. Biographies 1. Royal Biographies 1. Kings of Norway s. Sverrir I Sigurðarson (r. 1177-1202)

s. Sverrir I Sigurðarson (r. 1177-1202)

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Sverrir I Sigurðarson (r. 1177-1202)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

Saga: Sv.

Sverrir’s mother, Gunnhildr, claimed that Sverrir was the son of Sigurðr munnr. From the age of five, Sverrir was raised in the Faroe Islands, and he was ordained a priest. At the age of twenty-five, he left the Faroes and went to Norway, where he arrived in 1176. After the royal pretender Eysteinn meyla ‘Little-girl’ died at the battle of Ramnes against Magnús Erlingsson in 1177, Sverrir, who had sought refuge in Sweden, became the leader of Eysteinn’s partisans, the Birkibeinar (for this name, see Note to Nefari Lv 1/1), and he returned to Norway. After numerous battles (1177-84), Sverrir finally defeated Magnús at the battle of Fimreite (15 June 1184) when Magnús fell. Sverrir was crowned king of Norway on 29 June 1194, but during his reign he had to contend with a number of royal pretenders (among them Þorleifr breiðskeggr, Jón Kuflungr and Ingi, king of the Baglar; see Blakkr Breiðdr and Notes to Blakkr Lv 1/2, Anon (Sv), 4/7). Sverrir died of an illness on 9 March 1202. See also Orkn (ÍF 34, 297; Hermann Pálsson and Edwards 1987, 224).

Events documented in poetry: The battle of Ilevollene against Magnús Erlingsson in May 1180 (Anon (Sv) 1-3; further hostile encounters with Magnús Erlingsson 1181-2 (HSn Lv 1-2; BjKálfs Lv); battles against the Kuflungar 1186-7 (Nefari Lv; Blakkr Lv 1-2); the death of the royal pretender Þorleifr breiðskeggr in 1191 (Blakkr Breiðdr); the Baglar’s attack on Bergen on 14 August 1198 (Anon (Sv) 4-5); the battle of Oslo on 6 March 1200 (Anon (Sv) 6). See also Anon Nkt 65.

References

  1. Internal references
  2. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Sverris saga (Sv)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  3. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Orkneyinga saga (Orkn)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  4. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 65’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 801.
  5. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Nefari, Lausavísa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 645-6.
  6. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Sverris saga 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 842-3.
  7. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Sverris saga 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 845.
  8. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Sverris saga 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 847.
  9. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Blakkr, Lausavísur 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 649.
  10. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Hallr Snorrason, Lausavísur 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 636-7.
  11. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Lausavísur from Sverris saga’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 842-7.
  12. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Nefari, Lausavísa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 645-6.
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