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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 8. Introduction 5. Biographies 1. Royal Biographies 1. Kings of Norway m. Magnús VI lagabœtir Hákonarson (r. 1263-80)

m. Magnús VI lagabœtir Hákonarson (r. 1263-80)

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Magnús VI lagabœtir Hákonarson (r. 1263-80)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

Sagas: Hák, Mlag.

Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ was the youngest son of Hákon Hákonarson and Margrét Skúladóttir. He was born in 1238 and Hákon gave him the title of king upon the death of his older brother, Hákon ungi ‘the Young’, in 1257. He was crowned king on 14 September 1261 and became the sole ruler of Norway after his father’s death in 1263. Magnús married Ingibjǫrg, the daughter of the Danish king Eiríkr plógpenningr ‘Plough-penny’ Valdimarsson, on 11 September 1261, right before his coronation. As his nickname shows, Magnús was celebrated for having modified and unified the laws of Norway (landslǫg ‘the law of the land’, 1274; see NGL II, 1-178) and of Norwegian cities (býlǫg ‘the law of the cities’, 1276; see NGL II, 179-290). He also promulgated a law code for Iceland (Jónsbók ‘Jón’s book’; see NGL IV, 183-340), which was sent to Iceland in 1280 and ratified at the alþingi (the general legal assembly) in 1281. Magnús died of an illness in Bergen, Norway, on 9 May 1280.

Event documented in poetry: Magnús’s coronation and his marriage to Ingibjǫrg in 1261 (Sturl Magndr). See also Anon Mlag.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. NGL = Keyser, R. et al., eds. 1846-95. Norges gamle love indtil 1387. 5 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Gröndahl.
  3. Internal references
  4. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Poem about Magnús lagabœtir’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 809-11.
  5. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Drápa about Magnús lagabœtir’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 756-7.
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