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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 8. Introduction 5. Biographies 1. Royal Biographies 1. Kings of Norway j. Magnús IV inn blindi Sigurðarson (r. 1130-5; 1137-9)

j. Magnús IV inn blindi Sigurðarson (r. 1130-5; 1137-9)

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Magnús IV inn blindi Sigurðarson (r. 1130-5; 1137-9)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

Sagas: Msona, MbHg, Hsona (Ágr, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, Mork).

Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ was the only son of Sigurðr jórsalafari (see Genealogy II.3 in ÍF 28). Upon Sigurðr’s death in 1130, he was elected king of Norway but was forced to share the royal title with his uncle, Haraldr gilli. On 7 January 1135, Magnús was captured by Haraldr in Bergen, blinded, castrated and had one foot cut off. He spent one year in the monastery on Munkholmen, Trondheim, until his uncle, the royal pretender Sigurðr slembidjákn, fetched him to join his cause. In 1137 Magnús was forced into exile in Denmark, but he returned to Norway the following year. He died on 12 December 1139 at the battle of Holmengrå in Hvaler, outside Strömstad in present-day Sweden, against the sons of Haraldr gilli, Ingi and Sigurðr. See Anon Nkt 53-4, Ágr (ÍF 29, 50-1; Ágr 1995, 74-7), Mork (Mork 1928-32, 396-8, 400-2, 415-39; Andersson and Gade 2000, 355-64, 372-88), Fsk (ÍF 29, 321-6, 330-4; Finlay 2004, 258-62, 265-9), Hkr (ÍF 28, 266-8, 276-88, 296, 304-20; Hollander 1991, 708-9, 714-24, 730-1, 736-49), H-Hr (Fms 7, 164-5, 169-71, 175-86, 196, 207-28). See also Knýtl (ÍF 35, 264-7; Hermann Pálsson and Edwards 1986, 142-3), Orkn (ÍF 34, 140-2; Hermann Pálsson and Edwards 1987, 116-18).

Events documented in poetry: The battle of Färlev, present-day Sweden, against Haraldr gilli on 9 August 1134 (Hskv Hardr 1; Ingimarr Lv); the siege of Bergen December 1134-January 1135 (Hskv Hardr 4; ESk Hardr II, 2); the battle of Minne, Norway, against Ingi Haraldsson in 1137 (Kolli Ingdr 1-2); Magnús’s return to Norway 1138 in the company of Sigurðr slembidjákn and their rampages along the coasts of Norway (Slembir Lv; Ív Sig 24-33; Anon (Hsona) 2); the battle of Holmengrå and Magnús’s death (Ív Sig 34-45; Kolli Ingdr 4-5; Balti Sigdr 2-3).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  4. Edwards, Paul. 1986. ‘Alcohol into Art: Drink and Poetry in Old Icelandic and Anglo-Saxon’. In Simek et al. 1986, 85-97.
  5. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  6. Finlay, Alison, trans. 2004. Fagrskinna: A Catalogue of the Kings of Norway. Leiden: Brill.
  7. Hollander, Lee M. 1991 = Hollander, Lee M. 1964a.
  8. Internal references
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  10. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Orkneyinga saga (Orkn)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  11. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  12. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  13. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  14. Not published: do not cite (MbHgII)
  15. Not published: do not cite (MErlII)
  16. Not published: do not cite (MsonaII)
  17. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 53’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 794.
  18. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Haraldsdrápa II’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 544-8.
  19. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Ingimarr af Aski Sveinsson, Lausavísa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 497-8.
  20. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sigurðr slembidjákn Magnússon, Lausavísa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 499-500.
  21. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bǫðvarr balti, Sigurðardrápa 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 534-5.
  22. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Halldórr skvaldri, Haraldsdrápa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 493.
  23. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Halldórr skvaldri, Haraldsdrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 495-6.
  24. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Ívarr Ingimundarson, Sigurðarbálkr 24’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 515-16.
  25. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Haraldssona saga 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 836-7.
  26. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Ívarr Ingimundarson, Sigurðarbálkr 34’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 521.
  27. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Kolli inn prúði, Ingadrápa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 528-9.
  28. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Kolli inn prúði, Ingadrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 531.
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