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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 8. Introduction 5. Biographies 1. Royal Biographies 1. Kings of Norway a. Eysteinn II Haraldsson (r. 1142-57)

a. Eysteinn II Haraldsson (r. 1142-57)

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Eysteinn II Haraldsson (r. 1142-57)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

Saga: Hsona (Ágr, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, Mork).

Eysteinn, the eldest son of Haraldr gilli, arrived in Norway from Scotland in 1142 with his mother Bjaðǫk (Blathac; see Genealogy II.4 in ÍF 28). He ruled jointly with his half-brothers, Sigurðr munnr (d. 1155) and Ingi, until his death. Eysteinn was killed by his brother-in-law and former retainer, Símun skálpr ‘Sword-sheath’ Hallkelsson, in Bohuslän (part of present-day Sweden) on 21 August 1157. See Ágr (ÍF 29, 51-2; Ágr 1995, 76-9), Mork (Mork 1928-32, 440-62; Andersson and Gade 2000, 389-404), Fsk (ÍF 334-41; Finlay 2004, 269-75), Hkr (ÍF 28, 321-32, 337-46; Hollander 1991, 749-57, 760-7), H-Hr (Fms 7, 228-51). See also Orkn (ÍF 34, 193, 239-40; Hermann Pálsson and Edwards 1987, 183-4).

Events documented in poetry: Eysteinn’s arrival in Norway in 1142 (ESk Run 1); his punishment of insubordinate farmers in Viken and in Hisingen (ESk Run 2-4); his raids in Orkney (ESk Eystdr 1), Scotland (ESk Run 5) and England (ESk Run 6-9) in 1151; his failure to prevent the slaying of his half-brother, Sigurðr munnr, in 1155 (ESk Ingdr 4); three anecdotes about Eysteinn and the poet Einarr Skúlason (ESk Lv 4-6); his death at the hand of Símun skálpr (ESk Eystdr 2). See also ESk Geisl 8, 71VII, ESk Harsonkv, ESk Run 10 and Anon Nkt 56-7, 59.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  4. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  5. Finlay, Alison, trans. 2004. Fagrskinna: A Catalogue of the Kings of Norway. Leiden: Brill.
  6. Hollander, Lee M. 1991 = Hollander, Lee M. 1964a.
  7. Internal references
  8. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Orkneyinga saga (Orkn)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  10. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  11. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  12. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  13. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
  14. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 56’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 796.
  15. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Haraldssonakvæði (?)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 548-50.
  16. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Eysteinsdrápa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 559-60.
  17. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Eysteinsdrápa 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 560-1.
  18. Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Geisli 8’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 13-14.
  19. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Ingadrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 565.
  20. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 551-2.
  21. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 558-9.
  22. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 552.
  23. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 554-5.
  24. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 555.
  25. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Lausavísur 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 571-2.
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