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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

Skj info: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld, Islandsk skjald og lærd, d. 1259. (AII, 92-8, BII, 104-10).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om kong Hákon
2. Et hrynhent digt
3. Árónsdrápa
4. Af et digt om Thomas Becket
5. Lausavísur

prose works

The Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) - 330

The Third Grammatical TreatiseTGT

Tarrin Wills 2017, ‘The Third Grammatical Treatise’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

278 — Ólhv, TGT §16.23

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references grammar quiz


Cite as: Not published: do not cite (Ólhv, TGT §16.23)

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

þá er metaphora aptrbeiðilig, ef hvern hlut má færa til annars, þat er líking er á milli, sem at kalla sæinn jǫrð skipa eða fiska eða sækonunga sem Þjóðólfr kvað:

92. Hǫfuðbaðm
þar er heiðsæi
á fjǫrnis
fjǫllum drýgði,
en kalla jǫrð sæ dýra sem Markús kvað:
93. Hjartfærra veit harri
hreinvazta sik baztan.
Hér er jǫrð kǫlluð vaztir, en í fyrri vísu var hafit kallat fjǫll sækonungs.


metaphora is reciprocal if the objects between which there is similiarity are mutually transferable, as when the sea is called the land of ships or fishes or sea-kings, as Þjóðólfr said:[...] and when the earth is called sea of animals, as Markús said: [...] Here the earth is called "fishing banks" and in the former strophe the sea was called ''mountains of the sea-king."


editions: Skj Not in Skj;


AM 242 fol (W) 109, 3 - 109, 7 (Gramm)  transcr.  image  image  image  
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