This is a backup server for Any changes made here will be lost.

Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

login: password: stay logged in: help


Dictionary headwords relevant to the editions

This material is incomplete and is for reference only: it has not been checked and quality-controlled and should not be cited. References are to the new edition and may not correspond to the text of Skj.

Use the form to search for lemmata; you can use the wildcards characters underscore _ and percent % to search, respectively, for a single letter or any sequence; otherwise, browse words in the edition by first letter below

2. þurfa (verb)

‘need, be necessary’
ONP (prose citations):422728113
SkP: 52127911 (prose):8881392394

forms: þarf, þurfu, þurfa, þurfandi, þarfk, þyrftak, þurfut, þörf, Þarf sg 3rd pres, Þarftu sg 2nd pres, Þurfa infinitive, Þurfið, Þurfti sg 3rd pret, Þurftu, Þurfum, þurfi pres, þurfir sg 2nd pres, þurfið pl 2nd pres, þurft , þurftu pl 3rd pret, þurftum, þyrfti sg pret, þyrftu pl 3rd pret, þyrftum pl 1st pret, þyrftir sg 2nd pres, þurfum, þurfti, þurfa, þarf, þarftu, þurfti, þarft, þur-fu, þurfu, þꝩrpti, þꝩrpta, þvrfo, þurfu

Anon Hsv 2VII l. 6: þarf ‘needs’
Anon Hsv 3VII l. 1: Þarf ‘humble’
Anon Hsv 24VII l. 2 [variant]: þarftu ‘’
Anon Hsv 30VII l. 5: þarftu ‘need’
Anon Hsv 32VII l. 2: þarf ‘needed’
Anon Hsv 33VII l. 3: þarftu ‘need’
Anon Hsv 42VII l. 3: þarftu ‘You need’
Anon Hsv 46VII l. 6: þarf ‘need’
Anon Hsv 46VII l. 3 [variant]: þarft ‘’
Anon Hsv 81VII l. 2: þarf ‘has to’
Anon Hsv 82VII l. 5: þarft ‘need’
Anon Hsv 84VII l. 2: þarf ‘need’
Anon Hsv 90VII l. 3: þarftu ‘you need’
Anon Hsv 119VII l. 2: þarf ‘necessary’
Anon Hsv 123VII l. 5: þurfu ‘need’
Anon Hsv 137VII l. 2: þarf ‘necessary’
Anon Hsv 139VII l. 5: þarf ‘needs’
Kálf Kátr 8VII l. 1: þarftu ‘You need’
Kálf Kátr 31VII l. 5: þarftu ‘You need’
Anon Leið 44VII l. 2: þarf ‘is needed’
Anon Mdr 22VII l. 5: þurfa ‘need’
Anon Mdr 29VII l. 3: þarf ‘need’
Anon Mhkv 9III l. 8: þarf ‘do I need’
Anon Mhkv 16III l. 1: þarf ‘needs’
Anon Mhkv 24III l. 6: þarf ‘one need’
Anon Mv I 28VII l. 4: þurfa ‘need it’
Anon Pl 28VII l. 3: þarf ‘need’
Anon Pl 28VII l. 4: þurftum ‘than is necessary’
Anon Pl 33VII l. 2: þurfti ‘had’
Anon Sól 28VII l. 1 [variant]: þarftu ‘’
Anon Vitn 24VII l. 8: þurfa ‘need’
Anon Mlag 2II l. 7: þyrftak ‘I would need’
Bjbp Jóms 5I l. 3: þarf ‘need’
ESk Ingdr 2II l. 1: þarf ‘needs to’
Anon Lil 79VII l. 7: þurfa ‘that I need’
Anon Lil 100VII l. 3: þurfandi ‘dependent’
Gísl Magnkv 20II l. 8: þurfti ‘one needed’
Kolgr Ól 1II l. 1: þarfk ‘I need’
Ormr Woman 1III l. 1: þurfut ‘need not’
Ótt Hfl 2I l. 1: þarfk ‘I need to enjoy’
Sturl Hákkv 1II l. 6: þurfti ‘was forced’
Anon (FoGT) 16III l. 2: þörf ‘desire’
Anon (Mberf) 2II l. 3: þarft ‘will’
Anon Brúðv 30VII l. 8: þarf ‘need’
FriðÞ Lv 13VIII (Frið 15) l. 6: þurfum ‘need’
FriðÞ Lv 17VIII (Frið 19) l. 1: Þurfum ‘need’
FriðÞ Lv 20VIII (Frið 26) l. 3: þarf ‘need’
Hallvarðr Frag 3VIII (Frið 22) l. 6: þurfa ‘need’
Vargeisa Lv 1VIII (HjǪ 4) l. 5: þurfa ‘have need’
ǪlvH Lv 1VIII (HjǪ 17) l. 2: þarftu ‘do you need’
Keth Lv 22VIII (Ket 39) l. 1: þarftu ‘You do’
ǪgmEyb Lv 1VIII (Ǫrv 31) l. 7: þarf ‘need’
ÍvRagn Lv 1VIII (Ragn 22) l. 3: þurfa ‘needed’
Svart Skauf 34VIII l. 5: Þurfti ‘needed’

Anon Hsv 3VII, l. 1: Þarflátr ‘humble’

indexed kennings:

© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.

This is a backup server for Any changes made here will be lost.