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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 11VII l. 7

líkams — the body’s


líkamr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ir): body


[7] líkams: lífsins Vb, 41 8°ˣ


[7]: As its actuating substantial form, the soul pervades and suffuses the body. Cf. Stjórn (Unger 1862, 20): sua sem gud er hueruetna allr medr sinn almatt i hinum meira heima. sua er aundin in sinum minna heimi þat er i ollum likamsins limum medr huerium sem einum ueralldligum manni ‘just as God with his omnipotence is everywhere in the macrocosmos, so is the soul in its microcosmos, that is, in all the limbs of the body of each and every earthly man’. Blood, as the life principle of the body, has traditionally been associated with the soul. Cf. Lev. XVII.11: quia anima carnis in sanguine est et ego dedi illum vobis ut super altare in eo expietis pro animabus vestris et sanguis pro animae piaculo sit ‘Because the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you, that you may make atonement with it upon the altar for your souls, and the blood may be for an expiation of the soul’ and Petrus Comestor, Historia Scholastica (col. 1071) on Gen. II: sedes animae est in sanguine ‘the seat of the soul is in the blood’.



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