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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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documentation

 

Vol. I. Poetry for Scandinavian Rulers 1: From Mythological Times to c. 1035
 

 
1. Eiríkr blóðøx Haraldsson (r. c. 929-34)
2. Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson (r. c. 1000-c. 1014)
3. Hákon I inn góði Haraldsson (r. c. 934-c. 961)
4. Hákon jarl Eiríksson (r. c. 1014-c. 1015)
5. Hákon jarl Sigurðarson (r. c. 970-c. 995)
6. Hálfdan svarti Guðrøðarson (c. 820-c. 860)
7. Haraldr II gráfeldr Eiríksson (r. c. 961-c. 970) and the Eiríkssynir
8. Haraldr I hárfagri Hálfdanarson (r. c. 860-c. 932)
9. Óláfr II inn helgi Haraldsson (r. c. 1015-1030)
10. Óláfr I Tryggvason (r. c. 995-c. 1000)
11. Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhæri Óláfsson (later ninth century)
12. Sveinn Alfífuson (r. 1030-1035)
13. Sveinn jarl Hákonarson (r. c. 1000-c. 1015)

(Vol. I. Poetry for Scandinavian Rulers 1: From Mythological Times to c. 1035 > 8. Volume Introduction > 4. Biographies > 4.1. Ruler biographies > 4.1.a. Kings and jarls of Norway > 12. Sveinn Alfífuson (r. 1030-1035))

12. Sveinn Alfífuson (r. 1030-1035)

Sveinn Álfífuson or Knútsson, illegitimate son of Knútr inn ríki Sveinsson (Cnut the Great) and the English Álfífa (Ælfgifu of Northampton), ruled Norway for about five years after the fall of Óláfr Haraldsson at Stiklastaðir (Stiklestad) in 1030. In some sources the reign is dated from 1029, when Sveinn was installed in Norway by Knútr. Sveinn defeated the pretender Tryggvi Óláfsson at Bókn (Bokn) c. 1032. His unpopular rule, in which his mother was strongly involved, ended with his prompt departure from Norway on the return of Magnús Óláfsson from exile (see SkP II, lxxxvii). See Anon Nkt 32II (c. 1190); Theodoricus (MHN 34, 39, 44-5; McDougall and McDougall 1998, 25); HN (MHN 123; Kunin and Phelpstead 2001, 25); Ágr (ÍF 29, 31-2; Ágr 2008, 44-7); Fsk (ÍF 29, 201-2, 206-7; Finlay 2004, 161-2, 165-7); ÓHHkr (ÍF 27, 398-404, 406, 410-14); MgóðHkr (ÍF 28, 8, 10-12, 16; Hollander 1964a, 524-8, 534-6, 541-3, 545-6). Þórarinn loftunga (Þloft) is the only poet named in connection with Sveinn in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 258, 267, 283).

Events documented in poetry: The Danes travel to Norway (Þloft Glækv 1); Sveinn takes the throne in Þrándheimr (Trøndelag, Þloft Glækv 2); advice to Sveinn (Þloft Glækv 9); Sveinn’s defeat of Tryggvi Óláfsson c. 1032 at Bókn (Bokn, Sigv Tryggfl; Anon Sveinfl); infertility of Norway in the time of Álfífa (Sigv Lv 26).

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