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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vol. I. Poetry for Scandinavian Rulers 1: From Mythological Times to c. 1035
 

 
1. Eiríkr blóðøx Haraldsson (r. c. 929-34)
2. Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson (r. c. 1000-c. 1014)
3. Hákon I inn góði Haraldsson (r. c. 934-c. 961)
4. Hákon jarl Eiríksson (r. c. 1014-c. 1015)
5. Hákon jarl Sigurðarson (r. c. 970-c. 995)
6. Hálfdan svarti Guðrøðarson (c. 820-c. 860)
7. Haraldr II gráfeldr Eiríksson (r. c. 961-c. 970) and the Eiríkssynir
8. Haraldr I hárfagri Hálfdanarson (r. c. 860-c. 932)
9. Óláfr II inn helgi Haraldsson (r. c. 1015-1030)
10. Óláfr I Tryggvason (r. c. 995-c. 1000)
11. Rǫgnvaldr heiðumhæri Óláfsson (later ninth century)
12. Sveinn Alfífuson (r. 1030-1035)
13. Sveinn jarl Hákonarson (r. c. 1000-c. 1015)

(Vol. I. Poetry for Scandinavian Rulers 1: From Mythological Times to c. 1035 > 8. Volume Introduction > 4. Biographies > 4.1. Ruler biographies > 4.1.a. Kings and jarls of Norway > 4. Hákon jarl Eiríksson (r. c. 1014-c. 1015))

4. Hákon jarl Eiríksson (r. c. 1014-c. 1015)

On the departure of his father Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson (q. v.) for England c. 1014, Hákon was left in control of Norway, in alliance with his uncle Sveinn Hákonarson, but after the arrival of Óláfr Haraldsson and an encounter with him in Sauðungssund (Sauesund) c. 1015 Hákon was forced to retreat to England. He became a commander of his uncle King Knútr’s forces and was appointed regent over Norway by him c. 1028. He seized ships of Óláfr Haraldsson, but drowned in 1029, on his way back to Norway from a visit to England. See Anon Nkt 25-6II (c. 1190); Theodoricus (MHN 25, 27, 30-1; McDougall and McDougall 1998, 19-20, 22); Ágr (ÍF 29, 24-5, 28; Ágr 2008, 34-7, 40-1); Fsk (ÍF 29, 167, 171-2, 191-3, 196-8; Finlay 2004, 131-3, 137-8, 152-5, 157-8); ÓHHkr (ÍF 27, 461 (index); Hollander 1964a, 836 (index)). Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 281) lists Hákon but only the U redaction names a skald: Bersi (Skáld-)Torfuson.

Events documented in the poetry: Encounter with Óláfr Haraldsson in Sauðungssund (Sauesund) c. 1015 (Sigv Víkv 15; Ótt Hfl 16); Knútr appoints his nephew to rule over Norway c. 1028 (Þloft Tøgdr 6).

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