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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vol. I. Poetry for Scandinavian Rulers 1: From Mythological Times to c. 1035

3.3. Other sources

1. Snorra Edda (SnE)
2. Laufás-Edda (LaufE)
3. The First, Third and Fourth Grammatical Treatises (FGT, TGT, FoGT)
4. Árni Magnússon’s anthology, AM 761 a-b 4°ˣ
5. Other sagas and þættir

(Vol. I. Poetry for Scandinavian Rulers 1: From Mythological Times to c. 1035 > 8. Volume Introduction > 3. Sources for skaldic poetry cited in the kings’ sagas: manuscripts, facsimiles and editions > 3.3. Other sources > 3. The First, Third and Fourth Grammatical Treatises (FGT, TGT, FoGT))

3. The First, Third and Fourth Grammatical Treatises (FGT, TGT, FoGT)


A:        AM 748 I b 4° (c. 1300-25). Also contains SnE. TGT: fols 1r-8v.

W:       Codex Wormianus, AM 242 fol (c. 1350). Also contains SnE. FGT: fols 84-90; TGT: fols 94-111; FoGT: fols 111-19.

B:        AM 757 a 4° (c. 1400). Also contains SnE. TGT: fols 1r-3r.

744ˣ:    AM 744 4° (early C18th, by Jón Ólafsson). A copy of B made when was more legible than it is now. Used selectively to confirm or supplement B readings.

158 8oˣ: AM 158 8°ˣ (early C18th, by Jón Ólafsson). Also contains SnE. Materials from a grammatical treatise related to TGT.

Facsimiles and editions: W 1931, A 1945; SnE 1848-87, II, 2-249, 397-428, 501-11, FGT 1972a, FGT 1972b, TGT 1884, TGT 1927, TGT 1998, FoGT 1884, FoGT 2004.


FGT contains Ótt Hfl 8, as one of its two skaldic citations, and FoGT (whose sixty-two citations are mainly of anonymous illustrative poetry unique to this text) cites Þjsk Hák 2 and Þskúm Lv; all three stanzas are also recorded elsewhere. TGT contains 123 verse citations, normally of four or two lines, but occasionally of eight or one lines, and of these twelve are edited in this volume, including Sigv ErfÓl 26 which is unique to TGT. The fragment sometimes referred to as the Fifth Grammatical Treatise contains later Icelandic poetry, but none edited in this volume; the Second Grammatical Treatise contains no poetry. For poetry from the Grammatical Treatises in SkP II, see SkP II, lxxviii.

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