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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300

1. Kings of Norway

a. Eysteinn II Haraldsson (r. 1142-57) (KEG)
b. Eysteinn I Magnússon (r. 1103-23) (KEG)
c. Hákon IV Hákonarson (r. 1217-63) (KEG)
d. Hákon II herðibreiðr Sigurðarson (r. 1157-62) (KEG)
e. Hákon Þórisfóstri Magnússon (r. 1093-4) (KEG)
f. Haraldr IV gilli(-kristr) Magnússon (r. 1130-6) (KEG)
g. Haraldr III harðráði Sigurðarson (Hharð) (r. 1046-66) (KEG)
h. Ingi I Haraldsson (r. 1136-61) (KEG)
i. Magnús III berfœttr Óláfsson (Mberf) (r. 1093-1103) (KEG)
j. Magnús IV inn blindi Sigurðarson (r. 1130-5; 1137-9) (KEG)
k. Magnús V Erlingsson (r. 1161-84) (KEG)
l. Magnús I inn góði Óláfsson (Mgóð) (r. 1035-47) (KEG)
m. Magnús VI lagabœtir Hákonarson (r. 1263-80) (KEG)
n. Óláfr III kyrri Haraldsson (r. 1067-93) (KEG)
o. Óláfr Magnússon (r. 1103-15) (KEG)
p. Sigurðr I jórsalafari Magnússon (Sjórs) (r. 1103-30) (KEG)
q. Sigurðr II munnr Haraldsson (r. 1136-55) (KEG)
r. Sigurðr slembidjákn Magnússon (Slembir) (r. 1136-9) (KEG)
s. Sverrir I Sigurðarson (r. 1177-1202) (KEG)

(Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 > 8. Introduction > 5. Biographies > 1. Royal Biographies > 1. Kings of Norway > a. Eysteinn II Haraldsson (r. 1142-57))

a. Eysteinn II Haraldsson (r. 1142-57) (KEG)

Saga: Hsona (Ágr, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, Mork).

Eysteinn, the eldest son of Haraldr gilli, arrived in Norway from Scotland in 1142 with his mother Bjaðǫk (Blathac; see Genealogy II.4 in ÍF 28). He ruled jointly with his half-brothers, Sigurðr munnr (d. 1155) and Ingi, until his death. Eysteinn was killed by his brother-in-law and former retainer, Símun skálpr ‘Sword-sheath’ Hallkelsson, in Bohuslän (part of present-day Sweden) on 21 August 1157. See Ágr (ÍF 29, 51-2; Ágr 1995, 76-9), Mork (Mork 1928-32, 440-62; Andersson and Gade 2000, 389-404), Fsk (ÍF 334-41; Finlay 2004, 269-75), Hkr (ÍF 28, 321-32, 337-46; Hollander 1991, 749-57, 760-7), H-Hr (Fms 7, 228-51). See also Orkn (ÍF 34, 193, 239-40; Hermann Pálsson and Edwards 1987, 183-4).

Events documented in poetry: Eysteinn’s arrival in Norway in 1142 (ESk Run 1); his punishment of insubordinate farmers in Viken and in Hisingen (ESk Run 2-4); his raids in Orkney (ESk Eystdr 1), Scotland (ESk Run 5) and England (ESk Run 6-9) in 1151; his failure to prevent the slaying of his half-brother, Sigurðr munnr, in 1155 (ESk Ingdr 4); three anecdotes about Eysteinn and the poet Einarr Skúlason (ESk Lv 4-6); his death at the hand of Símun skálpr (ESk Eystdr 2). See also ESk Geisl 8, 71VII, ESk Harsonkv, ESk Run 10 and Anon Nkt 56-7, 59.

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