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(Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 > 8. Introduction > 4. Sources for Skaldic Poetry Cited in the Kings' Sagas > 1. Sagas of the kings of Norway after 1035 > 7. Heimskringla (Hkr))
7. Heimskringla (Hkr) (KEG)
Stemma (from ÍF 28, xciv)
Manuscripts: The Kringla group (x)
K Kringla, destroyed in the ﬁre in Copenhagen in 1728. One leaf remains, Lbs frg 82, formerly Holm perg 9 I fol, in Kungliga biblioteket, Stockholm (Icelandic, c. 1258-64). Copies of Kringla made before the ﬁre:
a) Kˣ: comprising AM 35 folˣ = Hkr I (used in SkP I), AM 36 folˣ = ÓHHkr (Hkr II; used in SkP I), AM 63 folˣ = Hkr III (c. 1675-1700; all in the hand of Ásgeir Jónsson). Normally considered to give the most reliable text (Jørgensen 2007, 318).
d) papp18ˣ: Holm papp 18 folˣ (c. 1650-1700, in the hand of Jón Eggertsson).
Manuscripts: The Jöfraskinna group (y)
a) J1ˣ: AM 37 folˣ (copy of J made c. 1700 and 1567-8). Ends at ÓHHkr ch. 74 (used in SkP I).
b) J2ˣ: AM 38 folˣ (c. 1675-1700; copy of J made by Ásgeir Jónsson).
325VIII 1: AM 325 VIII 1 4° (c. 1300-25; fragment, used in SkP I).
325XI 1: AM 325XI 1 4° (c. 1300-25; fragment, used in SkP I)
G: Gullinskinna. Destroyed in the ﬁre of 1728. One leaf preserved in AM 325 VIII 5 c 4° (325VIII 5 c, c. 1400), which contains parts of Hák. G was copied in:
The Hkr mss that are relevant to the editions in SkP II are the following: Kˣ (AM 63 fol), 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ. Papp18ˣ has been consulted, but it has been used selectively. The y-branch of Hkr (represented by E, J2ˣ and 42ˣ) contains interpolated material from a version of Mork, and F has also been contaminated by a Mork text (see Louis-Jensen 1977, 66-94 and the stemma under Mork below).
Hkr III, the part of Hkr relevant for SkP II, comprises the sagas from Mgóð (1035) to MErl (1177) and contains 233 stanzas. For this part Snorri to a large extent relied on earlier written sources, notably on Ágr, the no longer extant *Oldest Morkinskinna (*ÆMork, see Mork below), Fsk, Orkn, Eiríkr Oddsson’s no longer extant *Hryggjarstykki (which is thought to have contained no poetry), HÍ, and a now-lost saga about the jarls of Hlaðir (*Hlaðajarla saga) (see Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson in ÍF 26, ix-xix, Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson 1937 and Fidjestøl 1982, 10). The bulk of the poetry contained in this part of Hkr is also preserved in the Mork redaction, but Snorri seems to have been selective in his adoption of the poetic material (see Andersson and Gade 2000, 25-57). The last stanza recorded in Hkr (Þskakk Erldr 3) describes events that took place in 1162. BjHall KálfﬂI, which is preserved in Hkr III, deals mostly with events prior to 1035 (BjHall Kálfﬂ 1-5I) and has been edited in SkP I. Because F and the y-branch of the manuscripts have been interpolated with and contaminated by a Mork text, the order of the manuscripts in the critical apparatus may differ in some of the editions in SkP II (e.g. F may be grouped with Mork rather than with Kˣ and 39). Such instances are addressed in the Notes to the respective stanzas.
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