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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Herdísarson (Steinn)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

3. Óláfsdrápa (Óldr) - 16

Skj info: Steinn Herdísarson, Islandsk skjald, 11. årh. (AI, 407-13, BI, 376-83).

Skj poems:
1. Nizarvísur
2. Ulfsflokkr
3. Óláfsdrápa

Steinn was the great-grandson of the Icel. poet Einarr skálaglamm ‘Tinkle-scales’ Helgason (EskálI) and a kinsman of Stúfr inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Þórðarson (Stúfr; see the genealogy in SnE 1848-87, III, 607 and Genealogy IV in ÍF 5). At the battle of the river Nissan in 1062 he was on board the ship of his kinsman, Úlfr stallari ‘the Marshal’ Óspaksson (Úlfr). Steinn was a court poet of Haraldr harðráði ‘Hardrule’ Sigurðarson and his son Óláfr kyrri ‘the Quiet’ Haraldsson (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 275). Two poems, NizarvísurVísur about the Nissan’ (Steinn Nizv), and ÓláfsdrápaDrápa about Óláfr’ (Steinn Óldr) survive of his poetic oeuvre, and another st., ÚlfsflokkrFlokkr about Úlfr’ (Steinn Úlffl), is usually assigned to a poem about Úlfr Óspaksson.

Óláfsdrápa (‘Drápa about Óláfr’) — Steinn ÓldrII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Steinn Herdísarson, Óláfsdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 367-81.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16 

Skj: Steinn Herdísarson: 3. Óláfsdrápa, o. 1070 (AI, 409-13, BI, 379-83); stanzas (if different): 1 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17

SkP info: II, 373-4

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

7 — Steinn Óldr 7II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Steinn Herdísarson, Óláfsdrápa 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 373-4.

Sín óðǫl mun Sveini
sóknstrangr í Kaupangi,
þars heilagr gramr hvílir,
— hanns ríkr jǫfurr — banna.
Ætt sinni mun unna
Ôláfr konungr hôla
(Ulfs þarfat þar arfi)
alls Nóregs (til kalla).

Sóknstrangr í Kaupangi, þars heilagr gramr hvílir, mun banna Sveini óðǫl sín; hanns ríkr jǫfurr. Ôláfr konungr mun hôla unna ætt sinni alls Nóregs; {arfi Ulfs} þarfat kalla til þar.

The battle-strong one in Trondheim, where the holy ruler rests, will refuse Sveinn his [Óláfr’s] ancestral properties; he is a mighty prince. King Óláfr will certainly grant his kin all Norway; {Úlfr’s heir} [= Sveinn] need not make a claim there.

Mss: Mork(20r) (Mork); H(78v), Hr(55va) (H-Hr); Kˣ(588r-v), 39(32va), F(54va), E(29r-v), J2ˣ(301r), 42ˣ(3v) (Hkr); FskBˣ(81r), FskAˣ(320-321) (Fsk)

Readings: [1] Sín óðǫl: Sína Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, Sín óðal FskBˣ;    mun: mun fyr Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ    [4] jǫfurr: konungr FskBˣ;    banna: bannar F    [7] þarfat: þarfa Kˣ, ‘þærfat’ FskBˣ;    þar: því 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, ‘þer’ FskAˣ    [8] alls: all J2ˣ

Editions: Skj: Steinn Herdísarson, 3. Óláfsdrápa 10: AI, 411, BI, 381, Skald I, 189, NN §§892, 2041 anm. 1; Mork 1867, 124, Mork 1928-32, 286-7, Andersson and Gade 2000, 278, 483 (Ólkyrr); Fms 6, 436-7 (Ólkyrr ch. 1); ÍF 28, 202 (HSig ch. 101), F 1871, 254, E 1916, 103; ÍF 29, 297 (ch. 79).

Context: As sts 6-11. In Mork, Fsk, and Hkr, this is the first st. (in Hkr the only st.) cited after Sveinn Úlfsson declared war on Norway. H-Hr constructs a new prose environment and moves the st. to document events that took place after Óláfr’s reconciliation with Sveinn.

Notes: [All]: Sveinn Úlfsson was king of Denmark (r. 1047-1074/76). See ‘Royal Biographies’ in Introduction to this vol. — [2] í Kaupangi ‘in Trondheim’: Kaupangr was the earliest name of the city of Trondheim (see Gade 1998). S. Óláfr was first interred in the Church of S. Clement, but he was later moved to Kristkirken (see Notes to Anon Nkt 31 [All] and 35 [All]). Steinn seems to imply that S. Óláfr will use his holy powers to block any threatened take-over by a foreign ruler. — [3] heilagr gramr ‘the holy ruler’: This is S. Óláfr. For the notion of Norway as Óláfr’s patrimony, see also Þloft Glækv 9/1-2, 4I, where Þórarinn gives the following advice to Sveinn Álfífuson: Bið láf at unni þér grundar sinnar ‘Ask Óláfr that he grant you his land’. — [4] jǫfurr (m. nom. sg.) ‘prince’: Can also be part of the subject in the first cl.: sóknstrangr jǫfurr ‘the battle-strong prince’ (so Skj B; ÍF 28; ÍF 29). However, if ll. of this type (Type A2k Verbal Even) contain a parenthetic cl., the sentence boundary falls after metrical position 4, not after position 2 (see Gade 1995a, 122-3; NN §§892). — [6] Ôláfr ‘Óláfr’: The internal rhyme (l- : -l-) warrants the form láfr rather than Óláfr here (see Note to st. 5/8 above).

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