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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

Skj info: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld, Islandsk skjald og lærd, d. 1259. (AII, 92-8, BII, 104-10).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om kong Hákon
2. Et hrynhent digt
3. Árónsdrápa
4. Af et digt om Thomas Becket
5. Lausavísur

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70.

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Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

SkP info: II, 663-4

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

6 — Ólhv Hryn 6II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 E Flaræði kom fram | um siðir frið bann hof þa aufund manna æigi má uið aurlaug bǫgiaz iofra sueít þo at rað | ug heíti stoʀ var harmr þar er striddu herrar stala hreɢ þviat ǽ mun beggia rausnar knáp þviat | ǽ mun uppi ramri þioð meðan iorð helldr floði·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 F Fla ræði kom fram vm sidir frið baɴ hofz þa | rikra manna eigi ma v ꜹrlug bægíaz iofra sveit þott raþvg | heítí · storr var harmr þa er striddo haʀar stala hreɢ | þviat æ mvn beɢia rꜹsnar kapp ok riki vppi ramri þioð meðan | iorð helldr floði·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 42x Flaræði kom fram vm siðir | friðbann var þat manna | æi ma v ꜹrlꜹg bæiaz | jofra sveit þo at raðug heitj | stoʀ var harmr þar er stridðu stridda harrar | stalahreɢ þvi at æ mun beɢia | rꜹsnar kapp oc riki ramri | ramri þioð meþan jorð helldr floþi |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Fla rædí komm fram vm sidir . frid bann hof þ || a ofund manna . eigi ma vid orlog bægiaz . | jofra sueit þo at ʀadug heiti stor | var þa er striddu herrar stala hegg þviat æ mun | begia rausnar kapp j riki uppi ramri þ | iod medan jo⸌r⸍d helldr flode   [VEÞ]  edit 
 8 Flaræði kom fram vm siðir frið bann var þat | manna æigi ma við aurlaug bęgiaz iofra sueít þo at raðug heítí stoʀ var harmr þa | striððv haʀar stala hreɢ er æigi mun beggía rausnar kapp ok ʀiki vppí ramri þioð | meðan iorð helldr floði·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat Flꜳ rædi kom fram vm sidir frid bann hofz þa aufund ok manna . eígi ma | vid aurlo᷎g bægiaz iofra sueít þott rꜳdug heítí storr var harmr þar er striddu herrar stꜳla hreɢs || þviat æ mun beɢgía rausnar kapp ok ʀiki vppi ramrí þíod medan iord helldr blodí.   [VEÞ]  edit 

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