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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

Skj info: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld, Islandsk skjald og lærd, d. 1259. (AII, 92-8, BII, 104-10).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om kong Hákon
2. Et hrynhent digt
3. Árónsdrápa
4. Af et digt om Thomas Becket
5. Lausavísur

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12 

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

SkP info: II, 662-3

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

5 — Ólhv Hryn 5II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 E Snallir foro maga imillum menn sellduz þeir gisla tuinnna synni tok þa sætt er fynnizt | snarir bragningar her at magna nafnbætr iok sa ær noʀægs gǽtir niðium pryddr oc s | ikling skryddi biortu heíti bauðuar fliotan bliðs hertuga giofum friðumm   [VEÞ]  edit 
 F Sniallir foro mága i milli menn sellduz þar gisla tveɴa syɴi tok | þa sætt er fvɴuz snarir bragníngar her at magna · nafn bætr | iok sa er noregs gætir niðíum pryddr ok sikling skryddí bíor | tv heítí bꜹðvar fliotan bliðz hertoga gíofvm friþum·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 42x Sniallir foru maga i millom | menn sellduz þeir gisla tvenna | synne toko sætt þa er funduz | snarir bragningar her at magna | nafnbætr jok sa er noregs gætir || niðiu pryðiz sikling skryddi | biortu heiti bauðvar fliotann | bliþs hertuga giofum friðum |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Sni | allr for maga j millum . menn sellduz þeir gisla tu | enna suinnr tok sætt ⸌er⸍ funnduzt snarír bragníngar | her at magna nafnbætur iok noregs gætir nídium pr | ydduzt ok sikling skryddi . biortu heiti boduar | fliotan . blids hertuga giofum fridum.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat Sniallír foru mꜳga í millum menn sellduz þeir gisla tuenna synní tok þꜳ | sætt er funduz snarir bragníngar her at magna . nafn bætr jok sa er noregs gætir nídíum | pryddr ok sikling skryddí biortu heítu boduar fliotann blidr hertuga giofum fridum .   [VEÞ]  edit 

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