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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

Skj info: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld, Islandsk skjald og lærd, d. 1259. (AII, 92-8, BII, 104-10).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om kong Hákon
2. Et hrynhent digt
3. Árónsdrápa
4. Af et digt om Thomas Becket
5. Lausavísur

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70.

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Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

SkP info: II, 669-70

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

12 — Ólhv Hryn 12II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 E Alldri baurduz afli stærðir ognsueipinna bloðgum greipúm h | irð sotti þar hvꜹ́s at garði herrar ·ij· af dren⸌g⸍skap meira undan reið sa er fremstr var | fundinn fyrða gramr at iofnum burðum sverris ætt fek sigr at rettu sua uilldi | guð framiðr milldi·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 55 A Alldri baurðuz afli stǽr[...] | bloðgum suerþum hirð sotti þar horsk at ga[...] | af drengskap meiravndan reið sa ær f[...] | fyrða gramr at iofnum burðum sverʀis [...] | rettu sua villdi guð framiðr milldi.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 F Alldri borðuz af | li stǽrðar ogn sveipíɴa bloðgvm greípom hirð sotti þar hrꜹst | at garþi herrar tveír af drengskap meíra · vndan reið sa er | fremstr var fvndiɴ fyrda gramr at iofnom burðom Sverris ætt | feck sígr at rettu sva villdi guð framiðr milldi·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 42x Aldri borðuz afli stærðir | ogn svipanna bloðgum greipum | hirð sotti þar hvoss at garði | herrar ij af drengscap meira | undan reið sa er fremztr var fundinn [u]fyrða[/u] | fyrða gramr at jofnum burðum | Sveʀis ætt feck sigr at rettu | sva villdi Guð framdr milldi |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Alldri borduzt · | afli stærdir . ognsueipínna blogdgum grei | pum . hírd sotti þar huerss at gardi herrar í | af dreingskap meíra . vndan ʀeid sa frem | str var fundinn fyrda gramr at jafnum bur | dum . sueriss ætt feck sigur at rettu sua vil | lde gud framidr millde·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 8 Alldri borðuz afli stærðir . óghn sueipanda blodgum greipum · hírð | sotti þar huo᷎rs at garði . herrar tueír af dreingskap meíra . vndan reið sa er fremztr uar fundinn . fyrða | gramr at io᷎fnum burðum . suerris ætt feck sighr at réttv . sva villdi guð framiðr milldi.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat Alldri baurduzst afli stærdir | ogn sueípinna blodgum greípum hírd sotti þar hress at gardí herrar .í. af dreingskap meíra | vndan reíd sa er fremstr var fundínn fyrda gramr at iofnum burdum suerris ætt feck sigr | at rettu sva villdi gud framidr milldí.   [VEÞ]  edit 

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