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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

Skj info: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld, Islandsk skjald og lærd, d. 1259. (AII, 92-8, BII, 104-10).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om kong Hákon
2. Et hrynhent digt
3. Árónsdrápa
4. Af et digt om Thomas Becket
5. Lausavísur

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70.

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Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

SkP info: II, 667

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

10 — Ólhv Hryn 10II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 E Hallgeislat rauð buat ioslu hill | dar tungl m skata milldum ræstir þrungu iofra hæstum iarnfalldit lið saman hiall | dri braundum skipduz blodgar randir bleikir fellu menn at uelli hlifar laús ua gramr m | gæfu gylltar sungu hiallta tungur   [VEÞ]  edit 
 F Hall gislat rꜹ́þ hvatt i oslu hilldar tungl m skata mílldom rꜹs | tír þrungðo iofrar æstum iarnfalldít lið saman híalldrí · | bronðom skifðoz bloðgar randir bleíkir fellu menn a vellí hlifar lꜹ́s | var gramr m gæfo gylltár sungv hiallta tungur·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 42x Hallgilsar rꜹð hvatr i oslu | hilldar tungl með scata milldum | ræstir þrungu jofrar æztum | jarnfalldit lið saman hialldri | brꜹndum sciptuz bloðgar randir | bleikir fellu menn a velli | hlifar lꜹs var gramr v gæfu | gylltar sungu hiallta tungur |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Hattgeírstad raud huatt .  oslo hilldar tungl med | skattta milldum . ræstir þrungu lafrar æstum jarn | falldínn lid samam . hialldri brondum skyfduz | sblogdgar randir . bleikir fellu menn at velle . hlifar | laus vo gramr med gæfu . gylltar sungu hiallta . | tungr.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 8 Hallgeisat rauð hart i oslu hilldar tungl m skata | milldum . ræstir þrvngv Jofrar æzstum . iarnfalldít lið saman hialldri . bro᷎ndum skyfðuz blodgar randir | bleikir fellv menn a velli · hlifar laus vá gramr m gíæfu gylltar sungu hiallta tungur.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat Hallgeislat flo huatt i oslu hilldar tungl med skatꜳ | milldum ræstir þrungu iofrar øzstum iafn falldít líd saman halldít . braundum skyf | duzst blodgar randir bleikir fellu menn ꜳ vellí . hlifar lauss vꜳ gramr med gæfu gylldar sungu | hiallta tungur.   [VEÞ]  edit 

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