Arnestad, Gjemmestad, Gloppen, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway
A cremation layer under mound. Most of the remains of the deceased person were placed in an iron cauldron. The whole cremation layer was probably covered with birch bark.
An iron staff; two oval brooches (type P47); two round brooches of bronze; five bronze pendants; a fragmentarily preserved, elongated bronze pendant; three elongated beads (quartz?); a large red bead; two stone spindle-whorls; an iron weaving sword; fragments of an iron weaving comb; fragments of shears; a handle of a frying pan; an iron cauldron (used as a container for human bones); remains of a wooden bucket; three fragments of an iron sickle; an unidentified iron tool; a horse bit with rings; a blade of an iron knife; fragments of an iron plate with a rivet (possibly a part of a chest-lock); rivets; iron fittings; a small iron bowl (perhaps originally a part of scales); small drops of green glass.
Placement of the staff within the grave:
Total length of the staff:
84cm, but originally it could have been around 85cm, because the lower end is broken.
Weight of the staff:
Cross section of the shaft (shape):
Width of the shaft:
1cm and thinning towards the end.
Length of the ‘handle’ measured from the upper part/tip of the staff:
Length of the ‘handle’ measured from the upper part of the upper mount to the lower end of the lower mount:
Number of rods:
Originally there were probably five of them. Currently only one rod is preserved complete. The rod is twisted.
Length of rods:
8.8cm, but they must be a little longer because they are fitted under the mounts.
Description of the plate:
Figs. 1a – 1b: The ‘handle’ of the staff.
Fig. 2: The lower end of the staff with a sharp point.