Kvåle, Stedje, Sogndal, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway
A cremation grave, probably under a cairn. Within the cairn a layer of cremated bone was found. Some of the bone material was placed inside an iron scoop.
An iron staff; a bronze vessel; an iron scoop; a large iron pan; an iron weaving sword; an iron lamp consisting of three twisted rods on which originally lay an iron bowl; a large bronze bowl; a pair of oval brooches; a trefoil brooch; an oval brooch; a bronze needle; a stone spindle whorl; iron shears; four small iron keys; a fragment of a knife blade; two small sickles; iron rivets; a horse bit with a ring; large amount of iron rings; large amount of iron rivets; iron fittings of a chest; fragments of a chest-lock; a small bowl (probably part of a scales set); a handle of an iron vessel; fragments of a weaving comb (in the form of twelve twisted iron rods); an iron shield boss.
Placement of the staff within the grave:
Total length of the staff:
Weight of the staff:
Cross section of the shaft (shape):
Width of the shaft:
Length of the ‘handle’ measured from the upper part/tip of the staff:
Length of the ‘handle’ measured from the upper part of the upper knob to the lower end of the lower knob:
Number of rods:
10. The rods are twisted.
There is only one iron ring.
Length of rods:
11cm, but they are fitted under the mounts, so they must be a little longer.
Dimensions of the ring:
External diameter: 3.5mm
Internal diameter: 2.5cm
The staff is preserved in a perfect condition. However, it is not unlikely that there were originally two rings attached on either side of the upper end of the staff. The whole item is sharp at the lower end. No other markings except for the punched ornaments on the mounts were identified.
Description of the plate:
Fig. 1: The ‘handle’ of the staff.
Fig. 2: Detail of the upper part of the ‘handle’.
Fig. 3: The upper mount of the ‘handle’.
Fig. 4: The lower mount of the ‘handle’.