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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gizurr svarti (gullbrárskáld) (Gizsv)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

Lausavísa (Lv) - 1

Skj info: Gizurr gullbrárskáld, Islandsk skjald, d. 1030. (AI, 316, BI, 292-293).

Skj poems:
1. Af et fyrstedigt
2. Lausavísa

It is not certain whether Gizurr svarti ‘the Black’ (Gizsv) is the same man as Gizurr gullbrá(r) (‘Gold-eyelash’) or gullbrárskáld (‘Gold-eyelash’s poet’) or Gullbrárfóstri (‘Foster-kinsman of Gullbrá’, Flat 1860-8, II, 226). Skáldatal in the 761aˣ redaction (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 253) lists Gizurr svarti as poet to Óláfr sœnski ‘the Swede’ Eiríksson and Gizurr Gullbrá as poet to Óláfr inn helgi Haraldsson (S. Óláfr), while the U redaction (ibid., 261 and n. 2) lists ‘Gizurr gullbr.’ under Óláfr Tryggvason, which has been taken as an error. A helmingr preserved in SnE and edited in SkP III (Gizsv FragIII) is attributed merely to ‘Gizurr’ and celebrates ‘Óláfr’, which does not help to disentangle the Óláfrs but may suggest that there is only one Gizurr, and this is supported by the fact that Gizurr svarti in ÓHLeg equates with Gizurr gullbrár elsewhere, and that the chronology is compatible. Gizurr gullbrá is introduced in ÓHHkr (ÍF 27, 358) as the foster-father of Hofgarða-Refr, which, as Finnur Jónsson mentions (LH I, 567), would make him a man of at least fifty when he followed King Óláfr Haraldsson to Garðaríki (Russia) in the late 1020s (Flat 1860-8, II, 315) and fought for him at Stiklastaðir (Stiklestad) in 1030. Gizurr’s death in the battle is mentioned along with that of his fellow skald Þorfinnr munnr (ÓHHkr, ÍF 27, 381), and his heroic defence is commemorated in Refr Giz 1III.

Lausavísa — Gizsv LvI

Diana Whaley 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Gizurr svarti (gullbrárskáld), Lausavísa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 817.

 1 

Skj: Gizurr gullbrárskáld: 2. Lausavísa, 1030 (AI, 316, BI, 293); stanzas (if different): [v]

SkP info: I, 818

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Gizsv Lv 1I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Diana Whaley (ed.) 2012, ‘Gizurr svarti (gullbrárskáld), Lausavísa 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 818.

Skala óglaðan æva
— orð fregni þat; borða
búumk við þrǫng á þingi —
þegns dóttir mik fregna,
þótt sigrunnar svinnir
segi vôn Heðins kvánar;
verum í Ála éli
austr bragningi at trausti.

 

The retainer’s daughter shall not hear that I am ever [lit. never] unhappymay she hear of that word; we are preparing for a crush in {the assembly of shields} —, [BATTLE] though {prudent battle-trees} [WARRIORS] say there is prospect {of the woman of Heðinn}; [= Hildr (hildr ‘battle’)] let us be east in {the blizzard of Áli} [BATTLE] in loyal support of the king.

context: ÓH-Hkr: Drawing up troops before the battle of Stiklastaðir (Stiklestad), Óláfr Haraldsson allocates places in the shield-wall to his skalds, telling them to compose about what they see. Þormóðr Kolbrúnarskáld has a bitter exchange with the king about the absence of Sigvatr Þórðarson, then the skalds decide they are better off composing verse. Gizurr svarti/Gullbrárskáld, Þorfinnr munnr and Þormóðr utter a stanza each (see Þorf Lv; Þorm Lv 19), which men learn straight away. In ÓHLeg too the context is the prelude to Stiklastaðir but otherwise it differs, and the stanza is spoken by Þormóðr.

notes: For the battle of Stiklastaðir and other skaldic poetry associated with it, see the entry on Óláfr Haraldsson’ in ‘Ruler biographies’ in Introduction to this volume.

editions: Skj Gizurr gullbrárskáld: 2. Lausavísa (AI, 316; BI, 293); Skald I, 149, NN §2015; Hkr 1893-1901, II, 460, IV, 162-3, ÍF 27, 358-9, Hkr 1991, II, 514 (ÓHHkr ch. 206); Fms 5, 57, Fms 12, 98, ÓH 1941, I, 544 (ch. 203), Flat 1860-8, II, 341; ÓHLeg 1922, 84, ÓHLeg 1982, 192-3.

sources

AM 36 folx (Kx) 457r, 13 - 457r, 20 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
Holm perg 2 4° (Holm2) 64v, 14 - 64v, 16 (ÓH)  transcr.  image  
Thott 972 folx (972x) 493va, 20 - 493va, 27 (ÓH)  image  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 219r, 28 - 219v, 2 (ÓH)  image  
AM 321 4°x (321x) 245, 24 - 245, 26 (ÓH)  transcr.  image  
AM 73 a folx (73ax) 194r - 194r (ÓH)  image  
AM 73 b fol (Bæb) 4ra, 22 - 4ra, 22 (ÓH)  image  image  
AM 68 fol (68) 63v, 36 - 63v, 36 (ÓH)  image  
Holm perg 4 4° (Holm4) 59va, 9 - 59va, 13 (ÓH)  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 122rb, 29 - 122rb, 32 (ÓH)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 325 V 4° (325V) 78ra, 10 - 78ra, 14 (ÓH)  image  
AM 325 VII 4° (325VII) 35v, 21 - 35v, 22 (ÓH)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 195va, 18 - 195va, 22 (ÓH)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 122vb, 56 - 122vb, 59 (ÓH)  image  image  image  
GKS 1008 fol (Tóm) 152v, 34 - 152v, 34 (ÓH)  image  
DG 8 (DG8) 100v, 17 - 100v, 20 (ÓHLeg)  transcr.  image  
AM 141 folx (141x) 51v, 9 - 51v, 16 (Fbr)  image  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 547r, 2 - 547r, 9  image  
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