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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

Skj info: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld, Islandsk skjald og lærd, d. 1259. (AII, 92-8, BII, 104-10).

Skj poems:
1. Et digt om kong Hákon
2. Et hrynhent digt
3. Árónsdrápa
4. Af et digt om Thomas Becket
5. Lausavísur

prose works

The Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) - 330

The Third Grammatical TreatiseTGT

Tarrin Wills 2017, ‘The Third Grammatical Treatise’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

9 — Ólhv, TGT §1.8

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance grammar quiz

 

Cite as: Not published: do not cite (Ólhv, TGT §1.8)

Hljóð þat, er verðr af líflausum hlutum, er sumt ógreiniligt ⟨sem vinda gnýr eða vatna þytr eða reiðar þrumur, en sumt hljóð er greiniligt⟩ eptir náttúruligri samhljóðan, þeiri er philosophi kǫlluðu músikám; ok verðr þat hljóð hit efsta ok hit æzta af hrœring hringa þeira sjau, er sól ok tungl ok fimm merkistjǫrnur ganga í, þær er planetae eru kallaðar, ok heitir þat caelestis harmonia eða himnesk hljóðagrein. Þessar stjǫrnur sagði Plato hafa líf ok skyn ok vera ódauðligar.

 

The sound which comes from unliving things is sometimes indistict, like the noise of winds or the roaring of waters or the rumble of thunder, but sometimes sound is distinguishable according to natural consonance, which philosophers called music; and the most sublime and noble sound comes from the movement of the seven spheres in which the sun and moon and five marking stars travel, those which are called planets, and that is called caelestis harmonia or heavenly harmony. These stars, Plato said, have life and reason and are eternal.

notes: [Parallels]: 2GT: Svá þat ok, er viðir brotna eða vápnin mætast; þetta heita brak eða brestir, eða enn, sem áðr er ritað. Allt eru þetta vitlaus hljóð. En hér umfram er þat hljóð, er stafi eina skortir til máls: þat gera hörpurnar ok enn heldr hin meiri söngfæri; en þat heitir söngr. ‘Likewise that of trees breaking or of weapons clashing; this is called creak or clash or, again, as written above. These are all irrational sounds. In addition, there is that sound for which letters alone are not sufficient to (make a) discourse: this is (the sound) made by harps and, still more (distinctly), by the major musical instruments; it is called music.’ (Raschellà 1982, 50-51).

editions: Skj Not in Skj; SnE 1818, 298, SnE 1848, 173-4, SnE 1848-87, II, 398TGT 1884, 34TGT 1927, 21, TGT 1998, 42, TGT 2001, 76.

sources

AM 748 I b 4° (A) 1r, 21 - 1r, 26 (GrammSkáld)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 242 fol (W) 94, 18 - 94, 23 (Gramm)  transcr.  image  image  image  
AM 757 a 4° (B) 1r, 10 - 1r, 14 (TGT)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 757 b 4° (w) 1v, 1 - 1v, 11 (Gramm)  transcr.  image  
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