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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Skj info: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, Norsk skjald, 10. årh. (d. omkr. 990). (AI, 64-74, BI, 57-65).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonarmál
2. Háleygjatal
3. Lausavísur

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171.

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Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 179

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

5 — Eyv Hák 5I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Sva beit þa sverð | or siklings hendi | váþir vafaðar | sem i vatn brygði | brǫkoðo broddar | brotnoðo scildir | glumroðo glymringar | i gotna hꜹsom |   [RDF]  edit 
 Kx Sva beit þa sverð |   [RDF]  edit 
 F Sva beít þa sverþ or siklings hendi vá | þir vafaðar sem i vatn of brygði· brokvðo broddar brotno | ðo skillir | glꜹmroðo glym hringar i gótna hꜹ́som.   [RDF]  edit 
 F Sva beít þa sverþ.   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x Sva beit | þa sverðor siklingls hender vaþir vafa þar sem i vatn bry | gðe brykvdo oddar brotnuðo skilldir glumrvðo gylf | ringa i iotna hꜹsum ·   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x Sva beit þa· s·   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Sva beit þa sverð | or siklings hendi | vaþir vafaðar | sem i vatn brygþe | brvkuðu oddar | brotnuðu scildir | glumruðu gylfringa | i jotna hꜹsum |   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Sva beit þa s. |   [RDF]  edit 
 FskBx Sva bæít þa sværd | i Siklings hende | vaðer vavaðar | sem i vatn brygði | brakaðu broddar | brotnaðu skylldir | glumraðu gylfringar | i gotna haustum |   [RDF]  edit 
 51x Sva bæít þa sværð | i siklings hende | vaðer vavaðar | sem i vatn brygði | brakaðu broddar | brotnaðu skilldir | glumraðu gylfringar i gotna hausum . |   [RDF]  edit 
 302x Sva bæít þa sværð | i siklings hende | vaðer vavaðar | sem i vatn brygði | Brakaðu broddar | brotnaðu skilldir | glumraðu gylfringar | i gotna hausum. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 FskAx Sva bæit þa sværð | or siklings hændi | vaðer vafaðar | sem i vatn brygðe || bracaðo broddar | brotnado scilldir | glumdu gylfringar | i gotna hausum |   [RDF]  edit 
 52x Sva bæit þa sværð | or siklings hendi | vaðir vafaðar | sem i vatn brygðe | bracaðo broddar | brotnaðo scilldir | glumdu gylfringar | i gotna housum |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 301x Sva bæit þa sværð or siklings hænde, | vaðer vafaðar, sem i vatn brygðe, bracaðo bro | ddar, brotnaðo skildir , glumdu gylfringar | i gotna hausum.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 761bx Sva beit þa sverð | or siclings hendi | váþir vafaðar | sem i vatn brygði᷎ | brø̨koðo broddar | brotnoðo scildir | glumroðo glymringar || i gotna hausom. |   [RDF]  edit 

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