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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson (Eyv)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Russell Poole;

1. Hákonarmál (Hák) - 21

Skj info: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir, Norsk skjald, 10. årh. (d. omkr. 990). (AI, 64-74, BI, 57-65).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonarmál
2. Háleygjatal
3. Lausavísur

Eyvindr (Eyv, c. 915-990) has been called the last important Norwegian skald (Genzmer 1920, 159; also Boyer 1990a, 201). He is listed in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 256, 261, 265-6) among the poets of Hákon góði ‘the Good’ Haraldsson and Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. His maternal grandmother was a daughter of Haraldr hárfagri ‘Fair-hair’, and he seems to have been close to Haraldr’s son Hákon góði from early on, serving at his court as one of a group of brilliant skalds. After Hákon’s death he resided at the court of Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’, but relations with Haraldr seem to have soured quickly, as evidenced by his lausavísur. Eyvindr spent the last part of his life with the powerful Hákon jarl Sigurðarson of Hlaðir (Lade), whose family had supported Hákon góði against the sons of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’. According to Hkr (ÍF 26, 221), in addition to Háleygjatal (Hál), Hákonarmál (Hák) and the lausavísur, Eyvindr composed a poem Íslendingadrápa, but this has not come down to us. The epithet skáldaspillir is usually interpreted to mean ‘Plagiarist’, literally ‘Destroyer (or Despoiler?) of Poets’ in reference to his habit of drawing inspiration from and alluding to earlier compositions, specifically Ynglingatal (Þjóð Yt) for Hál and Eiríksmál (Anon Eirm), along with several eddic poems, for Hák (see Introductions to Hál and Hák). The alternative interpretation ‘Poem-reciter’ proposed by Wadstein (1895a, 88) is unconvincing; see further Olsen (1962a, 28), and Beck (1994a). For further biographical information, see LH I, 447-9, Holm-Olsen (1953) and Marold (1993a).

Hákonarmál (‘Words about Hákon’) — Eyv HákI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 171.

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Skj: Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir: 1. Hákonarmál, 961 (AI, 64-8, BI, 57-60)

SkP info: I, 177

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Eyv Hák 3I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 Kx Hét a Haleygi | sems a holmrygi | jarla einbani | for til oʀostu | gott hafþi hiɴ gofgi | gengi norð manna | eyðir eydana | stoð und ar hialmi |   [RDF]  edit 
 Kx Het á Haleygi |   [RDF]  edit 
 F Het a haleygi sem a holmrygi iarla eín da | ni for til orrosto. gott hafði híɴ giofli gengi norð manna | ø̨gir eydana stod vɴd gvll hialmi.   [RDF]  edit 
 F Hét a haleygí.   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x het | a holmrygi sa er her kallar· iarla einbani for tilostv· | Gott hafðe inn giofli gengi nordmanna egir æydana | stoð vndar halmi   [RDF]  edit 
 J1x het a ha | leygi   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Het a holmryge (Haleygi, sems a holmrygi) | sa er her kallar | jarla einbani | for til oʀoztu | Gott hafþi enn giofli | gengi norðmanna | a egir æy dana | stoð und ar hialmi |   [RDF]  edit 
 J2x Het a Haleygi |   [RDF]  edit 
 FskBx Het a Halꝍygi sem a holm rygi || Jarla æinn bani forr til orrostu | gott hafðe hinn gofge | giengi nordmanna | ꝍyger ꝍydana | stoð undir haom hialme |   [RDF]  edit 
 51x Het a halo᷎ygi | sem a holmrygi | iarla æínn bane | for til orrostu | gott hafðe hinn gofge | giengi norðmanna | o᷎ger o᷎ydana | stoð undir haom hialme |   [RDF]  edit 
 302x Het a halo᷎ygi | sem a holmrygi | iarla æínn bane | for til orrostu | gott hafðe hinn gofge | giengi norðmanna | ó᷎ger o᷎ydana | stoð undir haom hialme. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 FskAx Het a Halꝍyge | sem a holm rygi | iarla einn bane | for til orrastu | gott hafðe hinn giofle | genge norðmanna | Ꝍgir eyðanna | stod undir ar hialme |   [RDF]  edit 
 52x Het a Halo᷎yge | sem a Holmryge | jarla einn bane || for til oʀosto | gott hafðe hinir giofle | genge norð manna | ægir eydanna | stoð undir ar hialme |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 301x Het a Halꝍyge , sem a Holmrygi | Jarla æinn bane for til oʀastu , gott hafðe hinn | giofle , genge norðmanna , ꝍgir eyðanna, stoð undir | ar hialme.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 761bx Hét á haleygi | sems a hólmrygi | iarla einbani | for til orrosto. | gott hafði hinn gofgi || gengi norðmanna | eyþir eydana | stoð und ar híalme. |   [RDF]  edit 

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