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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Lilja (Lil) - 100

not in Skj

Lilja (‘Lily’) — Anon LilVII

Martin Chase 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Lilja’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 544-677.

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Skj: Eysteinn Ásgrímsson: Lilja (AII, 363-95, BII, 390-416)

SkP info: VII, 618

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48 — Anon Lil 48VII

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Cite as: Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 48’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 618.

Leiðan dreing að ljótum ráðum
lokkar hann, sá er Jésú manna,
yfirmorðinginn innan hirðar
Júdás nefndr, er óvænt stefndi.
Mildan guð við silfri seldi
sveitum þeim er Júðar heita,
fullum upp af grimdar galli;
grenjaði þjóstr í þeira brjóstum.

Hann lokkar leiðan dreing að ljótum ráðum; sá er yfirmorðinginn manna Jésú innan hirðar, nefndr Júdás, er óvænt stefndi. Seldi mildan guð við silfri þeim sveitum, er heita Júðar, fullum upp af galli grimdar; þjóstr grenjaði í þeira brjóstum.

He entices a nasty fellow to an ugly plan; he is the chief murderer of the men of Jesus from within his retinue, called Judas, who was on a desperate course. He sold the gentle God for silver to those people who are called Jews, filled with the gall of bitterness; rancour howled in their breasts.

Mss: Bb(115ra), 99a(10r), 622(31), 713(10), Vb(251), 41 8°ˣ(120-121), 705ˣ(12v-13r), 4892(32v)

Readings: [1] Leiðan: Leiddi hann 4892;    ljótum: listum 705ˣ    [2] hann: einn 622;    er: so 99a, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, svá Bb, af 622, þannin 4892;    Jésú: so 4892, Jésús Bb, 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ;    manna: manninn 4892    [5] við: so 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892, því að Bb    [7] fullum: fullir 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892;    af: með 622    [8] grenjaði: grenjandi 622, 713, 4892;    brjóstum: brjósti 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892

Editions: Skj: Eysteinn Ásgrímsson, Lilja 48: AII, 379, BII, 403, Skald II, 220, NN §1525.

Notes: [3] yfirmorðinginn ‘the chief murderer’: Lit. ‘over-murderer’. The epithet could refer either to Lucifer or to Judas. Skj B and other eds understand it as a reference to Lucifer, while Kock (NN §1525) and this edn think it refers to Judas. The designation yfir- as well as the context suggest that the point is that Lucifer is the true villain and Judas is his pawn. — [4] óvænt ‘on a desperate course’: Lit. ‘not-good, not-promising, not-reasonable’. — [8] grenjaði ‘howled’: Grenja means to utter a hideous sound. It is used of the devil, wild animals, the Fenrisulfr, berserks, and crashing waves. — [8] brjóstum (dat. pl.) ‘breasts’: Cf. 2/5 and Note. The dat. sg. brjósti is also a possible reading.

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