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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

1. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 21

Skj info: Sturla Þórðarson, Islandsk skjald og historiker, 1214-84 (AII, 101-29, BII, 112-36).

Skj poems:
1. Þverárvísur
2. Þorgilsdrápa
3. Hrynhenda
4. Hákonarkviða
5. Hrafnsmál
6. Hákonarflokkr
7. En drape om Magnús lagaböter
8. Lausavísur

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hrynhenda — Sturl HrynII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 676-98.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda, 1262 (AII, 102-8, BII, 113-18); stanzas (if different): 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 22

in texts: Flat, Hák

SkP info: II, 676-98

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

1 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 1 [Vol. 2, 678] — Sturl Hryn 1II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Frægjan réð þik Viljálmr vígja,
varrbáls hǫtuðr, karðínáli;
engi valðiz jafngóðr hingat,
aldar gramr, af páva valdi;
kórónu lét kristni stýrir,
kynprýddr jǫfurr, yðr of skrýdda;
ramri grund hafið, ríkisvandar
reiðivaldr, með frægðum haldit.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 1 (AII, 102; BII, 113); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 885, Hák 62
 
2 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 2 [Vol. 2, 679] — Sturl Hryn 2II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Austan sendi gulli glæsta
Gauta stýrir megindýrum,
seima þollr, með sæmðum ǫllum
sína dóttur arfa þínum;
vǫldugr tókt af mestri mildi,
málma skerðir, Svía ferðar
(aldir dýrka yðvart veldi
eirarsamt) við brúðfǫr þeiri.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 2 (AII, 102; BII, 113-14); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 899, Hák 76
 
3 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 3 [Vol. 2, 679-80] — Sturl Hryn 3II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ǫldum segik, hvé ófrið gulduð,
unnviggs skipuðr, Dǫnum sunnan;
víða settu þínar þjóðir
þunnar skeiðr af fýrihlunnum;
stórir hǫfðu útboð ærin
yðrir þegnar, rána hegnir,
(ýtum þótti leiðangr lítill)
langa stund fyr víðri grundu.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 3 (AII, 102-3; BII, 114); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 900, Hák 77
 
4 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 4 [Vol. 2, 680-1] — Sturl Hryn 4II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Framla dreif til hverrar hǫmlu
hilmis þjóð ens mærðar fróða,
síðan helduð suðr með láði,
seima stiklir, flota miklum;
hræddar urðu Hallands ferðir,
hringa Baldr, af þínu valdi;
engi maðr var Jóta þengils
óttalauss við Nóregs dróttin.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 4 (AII, 103; BII, 114); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 901, Hák 78
 
5 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 5 [Vol. 2, 681-2] — Sturl Hryn 5II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Eigi sátuð, jǫfra hneitir
ættum góðr, at rofnar sættir
(stirðar bjoggu hirðmenn harðir
herskips stengr) í kyrrðum lengi;
mætum helt fyr Elfi útan
(auðit lézt þú flotnum dauða),
nauða vissu nýjar súðir,
Norðmanna gramr fýriborðum.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 5 (AII, 103; BII, 114); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 903, Hák 80
 
6 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 6 [Vol. 2, 682-3] — Sturl Hryn 6II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Sníða létu þínar þjóðir
þunnar skeiðr und búnu reiði
(Gautar spurðu leiðangr) ljótan
lunda vǫll at Mustrarsundi;
síðan leit, er seglum hlóðu,
snarfengr konungr, yðrir drengir,
(lýsa tók af herskips hausum)
hrygðar fólk í Dana bygðum.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 6 (AII, 103-4; BII, 114-15); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 904, Hák 81
 
7 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 7 [Vol. 2, 684] — Sturl Hryn 7II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Allvaldr, rétt því er ýtar heldu
ógnar-bráðs at fylkis láði,
prúðar náðu sveitir síðan
sóknar strangs á land at ganga;
(stórar) létu Halland herjat
hirðmenn þínir (frelsi sínu
víða týndu virða kindir)
vægðarlaust fyr Geitkjǫrr austan.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 7 (AII, 103-4; BII, 115); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 905, Hák 82
 
8 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 8 [Vol. 2, 685] — Sturl Hryn 8II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Syngja létu snarpir drengir
sóknar gífr í fleina drífu,
brandar hleypðu ǫrt ór undum
ærnu blóði danskrar þjóðar;
víða fellu vegnir þollar
(víga-drótt) í reknum flótta
(faldin gekk þar fast at hildi)
frægra málma (ægis hjálmi).

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 8 (AII, 104; BII, 115); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 906, Hák 83
 
9 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 9 [Vol. 2, 685-6] — Sturl Hryn 9II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Styrkir gengu menn und merkjum
málma lunds á víðri grundu
(valgammr sleit) at vápna móti
(varma bráð) at þínu ráði;
sjálfri skipti ǫrn við úlfa
ógnar-báru hǫfuðsára
(gyldir stóð of greypra hǫlda)
grimmrar þjóðar (meginblóði).

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 9 (AII, 104; BII, 115); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 907, Hák 84
 
10 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 10 [Vol. 2, 686-7] — Sturl Hryn 10II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hæstan kyndu hirðmenn traustir
heitan eld í Dana-veldi,
skæriligr gekk húsum hæri
hallar gandr á sviðnu landi;
víða fór um búkarls búðir
birkisótt, en hræddar dróttir
(bragnar eyddu báli slegnu
brunnit land) til skógar runnu.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 10 (AII, 105; BII, 115-16); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 908, Hák 85
 
11 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 11 [Vol. 2, 687-8] — Sturl Hryn 11II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Gneistum hratt fyr Elfi austan
elris garmr í ráf et varma,
síðan fellu hávar hallir
hrygðar-stund í Dana bygðum;
inni tóku ǫll at brenna
(ógnar-stríðr á Hallands síðu
ýta rann of) stórlig (stræti
storðar úlfr) fyr Glymstein norðan.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 11 (AII, 105; BII, 116); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 909, Hák 86
 
12 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 12 [Vol. 2, 688-9] — Sturl Hryn 12II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hrinda réðuð herskips brǫndum.
hilmir frægr, á saltan ægi;
eldi hrauð fyr æsikǫldum
unnar meið ór dregnum hlunni;
almenningr varð út at sinna,
ógnar lundr, á þinni grundu,
mildir hǫfðu herboð hǫldar
harða sveld ór Nóregs veldi.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 12 (AII, 105; BII, 116); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 910, Hák 87
 
13 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 13 [Vol. 2, 690-1] — Sturl Hryn 13II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Errinn sendi ungan svarra
út í lǫnd á geima þrútinn,
(aldri frétti) jǫfra dróttinn
(æðri ferð af heimangerðum);
allir tóku yppiþollar
unnar tams fyr lægi sunnan
ára blakks, sem allvaldr væri
innan lands, við dóttur þinni.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 18 (AII, 107; BII, 117-18); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 325X, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 911, Hák 88
 
14 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 14 [Vol. 2, 691-2] — Sturl Hryn 14II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Norðan heldu alt of ǫldur,
auðar lundr, við þik til fundar
(húfa treystu drifnar dúfur)
dygðar-menn ór Finna bygðum;
svífa lézt ór hverju hrófi
hlaðnar skeiðr á vatn et breiða
(sandi jós of stál en steindu
storðar gandr) fyr Elfi norðan.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 13 (AII, 105-6; BII, 116); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 912, Hák 89
 
15 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 15 [Vol. 2, 692-3] — Sturl Hryn 15II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Digla eldr var sénn í segli,
sviptilundr, á dýrðar skriptum
(rísa tóku roðnir hausar),
Rínar logs, of dreka þínum;
unnar, þóttu eisur brenna
Ullar fars af slegnu gulli,
fasti rauð of flota glæstum
flesta rǫnd, á skeiða brǫndum.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 14 (AII, 106; BII, 116-17); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 325X, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 913, Hák 90
 
16 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 16 [Vol. 2, 693-4] — Sturl Hryn 16II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ærin var sem elding færi
(inn um borð) á lægi norðan,
(ǫldum varp) er húfum helduð,
hilmis kundr, til jǫrmungrundar;
víða þurðu vísa ferðar
veglig flaust und búnu segli;
geiga létuð gyldar sýjur,
grundar vǫrðr at Eyrasundi.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 15 (AII, 106; BII, 117); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat, G; texts: Flat 914, Hák 91
 
17 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 17 [Vol. 2, 694-5] — Sturl Hryn 17II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Renna þótti upp, á unnum,
alla leið af flota breiðum,
hilmis frægs þars herskip lágu,
himna eldr í Dana veldi;
þengill kom þar annarr engi
innan lands, svát dæmi finniz,
(ræsir, stýrðuð rétt til jarðar,
ríkilátr) með afla slíkan.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 16 (AII, 106-7; BII, 117); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 915, Hák 92
 
18 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 18 [Vol. 2, 695] — Sturl Hryn 18II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ǫllum þótti, Egða stillir,
ægiligt, enn víða frægi,
gunnar logs fyr græði sunnan
geigurþing við yðr at eiga;
sætta báðu, Sygna dróttinn,
snjallráðan þik Danir allir,
fyrða gramr, þvít fegnir urðu
fjandmenn þínir lífi sínu.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 17 (AII, 107; BII, 117); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat, G; texts: Flat 917, Hák 94
 
19 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 19 [Vol. 2, 696-7] — Sturl Hryn 19II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ríða frák ór borgum breiðum
bragna fjǫld (af þínu magni
víða glǫdduz valskar þjóðir
varrar eldi) í móti svarra;
síðan kaus of sæmðar-fúsa
snildar-brúðr, þanns eiga vildi,
ǫðlings bræðr, af yðru ráði,
æztra manna, gǫfugr svanni.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 19 (AII, 107-8; BII, 118); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 81a, E, F, Flat, G; texts: Flat 919, Hák 96
 
20 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 20 [Vol. 2, 697] — Sturl Hryn 20II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Norðr líkar þér alt at auka
yðvart vald of heim enn kalda,
(gegnir munu því fyrðar fagna)
fjǫrnis álfr, und leiðarstjǫrnu;
þengill hefr þar annarr engi,
allvaldr, en þú ríki haldit;
lengra reiða þjóðir þangat
þína dýrð en rǫðull skíni.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 20 (AII, 108; BII, 118); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, F, Flat; texts: Flat 922, Hák 99
 
21 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 1. Hrynhenda, 21 [Vol. 2, 697-8] — Sturl Hryn 21II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Allvaldr dýrkaz út með Serkjum
innan lands af mildi þinni
(þjóðum líka þínir haukar
þaðra) alt með Blálands jaðri;
víða hrjóta veglig mæti
vægðarlaust af yðrum frægðum;
hollar prýða heiminn allan
hnossir þínar, mærðar tínir.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 3. Hrynhenda 21 (AII, 108; BII, 118); hrynhent; ed. VEÞ; group: A2; mss: 304x, 8, F, Flat; texts: Flat 923, Hák 100
 
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