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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

4. Hákonarflokkr (Hákfl) - 11

Skj info: Sturla Þórðarson, Islandsk skjald og historiker, 1214-84 (AII, 101-29, BII, 112-36).

Skj poems:
1. Þverárvísur
2. Þorgilsdrápa
3. Hrynhenda
4. Hákonarkviða
5. Hrafnsmál
6. Hákonarflokkr
7. En drape om Magnús lagaböter
8. Lausavísur

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hákonarflokkr — Sturl HákflII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarflokkr’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 745-55.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr, 1263-64 (AII, 124-7, BII, 132-4)

in texts: Flat, Hák

SkP info: II, 745-55

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

1 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 1 [Vol. 2, 746] — Sturl Hákfl 1II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ern lét austr til Vǫrnu
allvaldr skipum haldit;
Rínfúra vann rýrir
Ribbunga hlut þungan,
ok óstilta elti
ǫrþingaðr víkinga
(rǫnd klauf ræsir steinda)
reiðr á land af skeiðum.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 1 (AII, 124-5; BII, 132); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 833, Hák 9
 
2 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 2 [Vol. 2, 747] — Sturl Hákfl 2II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hólmreyðar gekk hjálmi
Hǫrða valdr of faldinn,
enn sás úthlaupsmǫnnum,
auðmildr, sakar gildi;
fellu fjandmenn stillis,
feksk tafn blôum hrafni,
en sigrgæði, síðan,
sumir skunduðu undan.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 2 (AII, 125; BII, 132); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 835, Hák 11
 
3 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 3 [Vol. 2, 747-8] — Sturl Hákfl 3II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hljóp, sás hersum steypa,
hyrgildandi, vildi,
ýgr frá allvalds mági
járnsveims ór Þrándheimi;
endr lét Erlings frændi
Upplǫnd farit brǫndum;
stríð hlutu stála meiðar
stórþung af Ribbungum.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 3 (AII, 125; BII, 132); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 304x, 42x, 761bx, 81a, F, Flat; texts: Flat 841, Hák 17
 
4 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 4 [Vol. 2, 748-9] — Sturl Hákfl 4II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Eim lék hyrr með himni,
hljóp eldr í sal feldan,
vítt hygg þegnum þóttu
þeim markar bǫl sveima;
óðuz allar þjóðir,
eiðvandr, konungs reiði,
baugsendir rauð brýndan
brand í Vermalandi.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 4 (AII, 125; BII, 132-3); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 845, Hák 21
 
5 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 5 [Vol. 2, 749-50] — Sturl Hákfl 5II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ríkr gaf hlenna hneykir
(her) þrungit Ribbunga
(yss gerðiz) í Oslu
eitt slag meginsveitum;
mildr kom heimskum hǫldum
hervígs á glapstígu,
kendu langs í landi
lauf víkingar ríkis.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 5 (AII, 125-6; BII, 133); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 42x, 761bx, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 846, Hák 22
 
6 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 6 [Vol. 2, 751] — Sturl Hákfl 6II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Flokkr tók enn, sás ekki,
ógnmildr, friðaz vildi,
ept dólgstríði dauðan
dáðfinginn hǫfðingja;
Knútr réð bág at brjóta
bǫðhraustr við gram traustan
geystr, þvít Gautar fýstu
geðbráðir landráða.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 6 (AII, 126; BII, 133); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 304x, 42x, 761bx, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 847, Hák 23
 
7 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 7 [Vol. 2, 751-2] — Sturl Hákfl 7II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Vitr lét virki brjóta
valdr norrænnar aldar
austr, þars jǫfrar treystuz
ógnfúsir, Ljóðhúsa;
þat veitk at galt Gautum
gǫfugr oddviti jǫfra,
þjóð fekk ræsis reiði,
rán, gekk slíkt at vônum.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 7 (AII, 126; BII, 133); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 325X, 42x, 55 A, 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 848, Hák 24
 
8 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 8 [Vol. 2, 752-3] — Sturl Hákfl 8II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Rán galt randa týnir
rógstríðr Dǫnum síðan;
fyst kom fúra lestir
fleyvangs til Ekreyja;
ǫld hét gnógu gjaldi
gullstríði þá síðan;
lǫnd tók lofðungr Þrænda
liðbáls at veðmála.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 8 (AII, 126-7; BII, 133-4); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat; texts: Flat 902, Hák 79
 
9 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 9 [Vol. 2, 753-4] — Sturl Hákfl 9II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Veitti virða dróttinn
víkelds gjafir ríkjum,
gullsviptir hlaut giptu
gǫfugr, Skônunga jǫfri;
heim kom hilmir Rauma,
hvatir fundu þat skatnar
ár, með ǫflgum tíri
ólestr ok veg mestum.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 9 (AII, 127; BII, 134); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 761bx, 8, 81a, E, F, Flat, G; texts: Flat 918, Hák 95
 
10 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 10 [Vol. 2, 754] — Sturl Hákfl 10II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ǫll vann Egða stillir
aptr geirbrúar krapta
skjótt af skozkum dróttum
skattlǫnd megingrǫnduðs;
reisti øngr við yngva,
ólest, fyr haf vestan,
rógsækis varð ríki,
rǫnd veðrboði Gǫndlar.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 10 (AII, 127; BII, 134); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 761bx, 8, F, Flat; texts: Flat 944, Hák 121
 
11 Vol. 2. Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarflokkr, 11 [Vol. 2, 755] — Sturl Hákfl 11II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Þrimr nôttum kom Þróttar
þinghlynr til Bjǫrgynjar,
áðr en allvald prúðan
ófs dynviðir grófu;
margr stóð málma fergir
(mikit stríð var þat) síðan
lýða grams of leiði
lítt kátr með brá váta.

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 6. Hákonarflokkr 11 (AII, 127; BII, 134-5); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 761bx, F, Flat; texts: Flat 945, Hák 122
 
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