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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali Kolsson (Rv)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Judith Jesch;

Lausavísur (Lv) - 32

Skj info: Rǫgnvaldr jarl kali Kolsson, Orknøsk jarl og skjald, d. 1158. (AI, 505-28, BI, 478-87).

Skj poems:
Lausavísur
Lausavísur [33-35]

Rǫgnvaldr Kali Kolsson, jarl of Orkney, is known primarily from Orkn, in which he is one of the main characters, but he is also mentioned in other texts, including Hkr (ÍF 28, 324-5) and Icel. annals (Storm 1888, 20-1, 60, 113-14, 116, 120, 321-2, 324). He was born Kali Kolsson, the son of a Norw. nobleman from Agder, Kolr Kalason, and Gunnhildr, the sister of the martyred S. Magnús of Orkney (ÍF 34, 101-2). Orkn recounts various episodes from Rǫgnvaldr’s youth, in Norway and elsewhere, several of them associated with lvv. (see below). Though we are not told how and when he learned the skaldic art, his grandfather Kali Sæbjarnarson is said to have been good at poetical composition (ÍF 34, 95) and indeed Orkn preserves one st. by him (Kali Lv). Kali Kolsson was given the name Rǫgnvaldr by King Sigurðr jórsalafari Magnússon when he also made him joint jarl of Orkney with Páll Hákonarson. There are relatively few lvv. associated with Rǫgnvaldr’s assumption of power in Orkney and subsequent political affairs, though both are recounted at length in the saga. Rǫgnvaldr is remembered for his poetry, especially that composed during his crusade to the Holy Land in 1151-3, and for instigating the building of the cathedral in Kirkwall, dedicated to his uncle S. Magnús. Rǫgnvaldr was killed in Caithness in an ambush by political opponents in 1158 (according to the Icel. annals, but 1159 according to the internal chronology of Orkn, cf. ÍF 34, xc) and is remembered as a saint. His relics were translated in 1192 (according to the Icel. annals) and a skull and some bones found in St Magnus Cathedral may have been his (Jesch and Molleson, 2005). There are thirty-five lvv. attributed to Rǫgnvaldr, of which thirty-two are preserved in mss of Orkn and edited here. Three further lvv. (Rv Lv 33-5III) are edited in SkP III, along with Háttalykill (RvHbreiðm HlIII), a poetical guide to metres composed by Rǫgnvaldr jointly with Hallr Þórarinsson breiðmaga.

Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 > 8. Introduction > 5. Biographies > 2. Biographies of Other Dignitaries > e. Rǫgnvaldr Kali Kolsson

Jarl Rǫgnvaldr Kali Kolsson of Orkney is not commemorated in praise poetry, and his biography is therefore not included here. For his life and poetic works, see his skald Biography.

Lausavísur — Rv LvII

Judith Jesch 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali Kolsson, Lausavísur’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 575-609.

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Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl kali Kolsson: Lausavísur (AI, 505-12, BI, 478-87); stanzas (if different): 33 | 34 | 35

in texts: Flat, LaufE, LaufE, Orkn

SkP info: II, 575-609

notes: Last three verses are in SnE/LaufE

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

(non-lexical) (unclassified)Kross 29/1

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 5/6, 9/5, 12/7, 20/3, 25/7, 30/7, 31/2

afar (adv.) ‘exceedingly...’ — 9/2

2afl (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘strength...’ — 14/7

afla (verb) [°-að-] ‘to gain, earn, procure, acquire...’aflar 12/1

akr (noun m.) [°akrs, dat. akri; akrar] ‘field...’akri 31/2

ala (verb) [°elr; ól, ólu; alinn] ‘to beget, produce, procreate...’ — 11/1, ólum 18/1

aldr (noun m.) [°aldrs, dat. aldri; aldrar] ‘life, age...’ — 6/1

aldri (adv.) ‘never...’ — 5/5

aldrœnn (adj.) ‘old, elderly...’ — 13/2

alin (noun f.) ‘forearm, ell...’ — 17/2

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allar 6/2, 30/2, ǫllum 27/8

2an (conj.) ‘than...’ — 12/4

1annarr (pron.) [°f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir] ‘(an)other, second...’ǫnnur 18/5

aptr (adv.) [°compar. -ar] ‘back...’ — 5/6, 16/5

1ari (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘eagle...’ara 19/8

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 4/6, 8/7, 8/8, 12/2, 15/2, 16/3, 16/7, 18/3, 18/7, 21/7, 22/7, 23/3, 23/4, 24/4, 31/4

4at (conj.) ‘that...’ — 7/7, 8/5, 15/1, 20/5, 27/5, 30/5

5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’ — 1/1, 5/7, 11/5, 12/6, 14/3, 17/6, 19/7, 20/7, 22/3, 22/5, 25/1, 26/8, 27/6

atatata (unclassified) ‘atatata...’ — 10/2

Auðun (noun m.) ‘Auðun...’ — 26/4

3austr (adv.) [°compar. -ar, superl. -ast] ‘east, in the east...’ — 18/2

austrœnn (adj.) ‘eastern...’ — 22/4

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 1/5, 2/7, 5/1, 7/3, 11/3, 11/8, 13/2, 15/5, 19/4, 20/1, 23/2, 26/1, 26/7, 27/7, 29/3, 32/4, 32/7

áðr (adv.) [°//] ‘before...’ — 12/8

1áll (noun m.) [°dat. ál; álar] ‘eel...’ál 9/6

4ár (adv.) ‘of yore, previously, early...’ — 25/3

árla (adv.) ‘early...’ — 12/5

Ása (noun f.) ‘Ása...’ — 10/1

1áss (noun m.) [°ásar/áss, dat. ǽsi/ás; ǽsir/ǽsar, gen. ása/ǽsa, dat. ásum/ǽsum, acc. ásu/ǽsi/ása] ‘rafter, ridge...’ás 22/3

át (noun n.) [°-s] ‘eating, food...’ — 15/7

2átt (noun f.) [°; -ir (acc. sg. attvnna AnnaReyk 410⁹)] ‘lineage...’ — 19/6

2banna (verb) [°-að-] ‘forbid, refuse...’bannar 5/2

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’barði 21/3, barði 23/6, barði 31/3

barmr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; *-um] ‘rim...’barmi 18/8

baugr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ring...’bauga 3/4

báðir (pron.) [°gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði] ‘both...’bæði 8/1

beiðandi (noun m.) ‘requester, petitioner...’beiðanda 13/6

bein (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘bone...’ — 13/8

2beita (verb) [°-tt-] ‘beat, tack...’ — 22/3

1ben (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -; -jar , gen. -a(var. EiðKrC 402¹³: AM 77 4°— “D”)] ‘wound...’ — 6/8

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’bar 17/1, berr 15/1, berr 21/7, berum 22/3, bôrum 4/5

binda (verb) [°bindr; batt/bant(cf. [$332$]), bundu; bundinn] ‘bind, tie...’ — 6/6

bíða (verb) [°bíðr; beið, biðu; beðit] ‘wait, suffer, experience...’beið 25/7

bjarki (noun m.) [°-a] ‘bjarki...’ — 14/5

bjóða (verb) [°býðr; bauð, buðu; boðinn (buð- Thom¹ 5²n.)] ‘offer, order, invite...’bauð 8/2

bjúgr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘bent...’bjúgu 5/4

Bjǫrgyn (noun f.) ‘[Bergen]...’Bjǫrgynjar 2/8

blámaðr (noun m.) [°·manns; ·menn] ‘dark man...’blámanna 24/8

blár (adj.) ‘black...’ — 26/7

blóð (noun n.) [°-s] ‘blood...’ — 24/6, 27/7, blóði 26/8

bolr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; dat. -um] ‘trunk, torso...’ — 26/7

1bók (noun f.) [°bǿkr/bókar; bǿkr] ‘book...’ — 1/4

bragþáttr (noun m.) ‘strand of praise, poem...’bragþôttu 1/8

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’branda 2/7

1braut (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘path, way; away...’ — 3/7

breiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘broad, wide...’breiða 3/8

brekka (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘slope...’brekkur 29/3

2brenna (verb) [°brennr/brenn; brann, brunnu; brunninn] ‘(strong, intransitive)...’brunnu 11/7

1bresta (verb) [°brestr; brast, brustu; brostinn] ‘burst, split...’Brast 8/1, brestr 21/4

brim (noun n.) ‘surf...’ — 9/7

brík (noun f.) [°-ar; -r] ‘plank...’brík 13/7

brjóst (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘breast, chest...’brjósti 29/2

brú (noun f.) [°-ar; brúar/brýr/brúr(Hák81 557ˆ)] ‘bridge, causeway...’brúar 7/4

brúðr (noun f.) [°brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir] ‘woman, bride...’ — 6/7, 16/3

bræðir (noun m.) ‘feeder...’bræði 6/7

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’búnir 9/8

bylgja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur, gen. bylgna] ‘wave...’bylgjur 2/7

bǫð (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘battle...’bǫðvar* 13/7

dagr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar] ‘day...’dag 23/8

Dolls (noun n.) ‘[Dollsteins]...’ — 3/3

2draga (verb) [°dregr; dró, drógu; dreginn/droget(Hirð NKS 1642 4° 146v²⁹; cf. [$962$])] ‘drag, pull, draw...’drók 12/7

2draugr (noun m.) ‘ghost...’draug 3/4

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’drengja 11/2, 16/2, 25/3, 26/2

dreyri (noun m.) [°-a] ‘blood...’dreyra 25/3

drift (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘snowdrift...’driptar 17/2

drit (noun n.) ‘[shit, dirt]...’ — 30/2

drómundr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ar] ‘dromon...’drómund 25/4, drómund 26/1, drómundi 24/4

dúkr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir(DN IV (1348) 263²⁹)] ‘dress, cloth...’dúkum 6/4

1dúsa (verb) ‘sit around, take it easy...’Dúsið 10/1

dynja (verb) [°dunði] ‘resound...’ — 2/8

døkkr (adj.) [°-van; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri, superl. -vastr/-astr] ‘dark...’døkkum 3/3, døkkvan 26/1

efla (verb) [°-fld-/-að-(RómvUpph¹ 382²⁴)] ‘strengthen...’ — 1/1

Egðir (noun m.) ‘the Egðir...’Egða 18/3

1egg (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)] ‘edge, blade...’eggja 14/7

eið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘?oath/headland...’eiða 5/7

2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’ák 20/1, Eiguð 5/5

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’a 31/2, 3/5, 13/5, 21/4

eik (noun f.) [°eikr/eikar; eikr] ‘oak...’ — 12/7, 19/2

Einarr (noun m.) ‘Einarr...’ — 11/1

2einn (pron.) [°decl. cf. einn num.] ‘one, alone...’einu 23/4, einum 23/7

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 27/1, k 3/5, k 5/1, k 15/7, mér 1/4, mér 9/2, mér 10/4, mér 11/3, mik 7/6

2ekki (adv.) ‘not...’ — 11/6

eldr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar] ‘fire...’eldar 11/8, eldi 17/5, eldinn 10/4

elgr (noun m.) [°-s; -ir/-ar] ‘elk...’elg 2/7

eljun (noun f.) [°eljunar] ‘energy...’ — 17/6

elli (noun f.) [°-] ‘old age...’ — 4/3

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 23/1, 24/5, 27/5, 29/4

4en (conj.) ‘than...’ — 10/1, 12/5

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’engan 11/2

2enn (adv.) ‘still, yet, again...’ — 9/5, 16/5, 18/5, 19/5

enni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘forehead, brow...’ — 4/2

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’es 2/3, es 16/5, es 17/3, es 21/6, es 30/6, es 32/6, s 9/3, s 13/1, s 18/1, s 19/1

erja (verb) [°arði] ‘to plough...’Erjum 31/3

Erlingr (noun m.) ‘Erlingr...’ — 24/1

Ermingerðr (noun f.) ‘Ermingerðr...’Ermingerðar 16/1, Ermingerðar 17/4, Ermingerðar 20/8

1ey (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar] ‘island...’ — 4/8

él (noun n.) [°; dat. -um] ‘storm...’élum 4/7

ér (pron.) [°gen. yðvar/yðar, dat./acc. yðr] ‘you...’ — 10/1

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’fǫgrum 23/2

fall (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘fall...’ — 25/2

falla (verb) ‘fall...’ — 15/6, 30/2, fallit 12/4, fell 27/7, fellr 26/7, fellr 30/7

fang (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘grasp, tunic...’ — 14/2

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’ — 16/5, ferr 3/6, fórk 21/6

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fekk 8/3, Fekk 14/1

3fár (adj.) [°compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr] ‘few...’ — 12/5

fegrð (noun f.) [°-ar] ‘[beauty]...’ — 17/3

feldr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i; -ir] ‘cloak...’feld 9/1

3fella (verb) ‘fell, kill...’feldu 6/1

fellir (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i] ‘slayer, feller...’fellis 7/6

fengr (noun m.) [°-jar/-s, dat. -/-i] ‘loot...’fengjar 26/2

ferð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)] ‘host, journey...’ — 29/4, ferðir 17/8, ferðum 17/4

(noun n.) [°fjár/féar; -] ‘cattle, money...’ — 14/4

fimm (num. cardinal) ‘five...’ — 2/2

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’fundumsk 17/3

firar (noun m.) ‘men...’firum 11/6

2firra (verb) ‘keep (from), remove...’firrðar 4/3

1fiski (noun f.) ‘fishing...’ — 12/8

fífa (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘fífa...’Fífu 8/4

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’fjǫllum 18/3

fjón (noun f.) ‘hatred...’ — 32/2

flaustr (noun n.) ‘ship...’flaustum 22/4

fleinn (noun m.) [°dat. fleini] ‘spear...’flein 24/4

fleiri (adj. comp.) [°superl. flestr] ‘more, most...’flestar 4/6, flestu 15/1

fljóð (noun n.) ‘woman...’fljóði 19/6

flótti (noun m.) ‘flight, fleeing...’ — 20/2

flykkja (verb) ‘crowd, gather...’flykkisk 29/3

flýja (verb) ‘to flee, take flight...’flýði 20/3

fram (adv.) ‘out, forth, forwards, away...’ — 29/3, framm 31/6

framr (adj.) [°compar. framari/fremri, superl. framastr/fremstr] ‘outstanding, foremost...’framar 13/8

frá (prep.) ‘from...’ — 15/1, 22/2, 23/7

1fránn (noun m.) ‘snake(?)...’frán 6/2

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’ — 25/6, frétt 6/1

fremð (noun f.) ‘honour...’ — 24/3

Freyr (noun m.) ‘(a god)...’ — 13/3

Fróði (noun m.) ‘Fróði...’Fróða 15/2

2frón (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’ — 16/8

frægr (adj.) [°-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str] ‘famous, renowned...’ — 24/3

frœkn (adj.) ‘brave, bold...’ — 17/6

fundr (noun m.) ‘discovery, meeting...’fundar 20/4

fylkir (noun m.) ‘leader...’fylkis 14/1

fyr (prep.) ‘for, over, because of, etc....’ — 14/8, 21/3, 22/6, 27/4, 29/2

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrðar 24/7

fyrstr (num. ordinal) ‘first...’ — 26/4

fǫr (noun f.) ‘journey, fate; movement...’ — 8/6

fǫrull (adj.) ‘[by night]...’fǫrlustum 5/3

gagl (noun n.) ‘gosling...’gagls 6/8

gagr (adj.) ‘[backward-bending]...’gag 7/6

galgi (noun m.) ‘gallows...’galga 7/3

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’ — 4/4, 13/8, 27/6, gekk 11/7, gekk 24/1, Gekk 26/1, gengit 32/1, gǫngum 9/6

garpr (noun m.) ‘champion...’gǫrpum 24/8

gaurr (noun m.) ‘rascal, ruffian...’gauri 30/7

gauti (noun m.) ‘man, Geat...’Gauta 7/8

2Gautr (noun m.) ‘Gautr, Óðinn...’Gauts 11/3

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gerik 18/5, gerik 19/5, Gerum 31/8

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’gat 8/7

ginnungi (noun m.) ‘[abyss, hawks, hawk]...’ginnungs 7/4

gjaldkeri (noun m.) ‘[steward]...’gjaldkera 18/2

gjalfr (noun n.) [°-s] ‘surge, waves...’ — 11/4

gjarn (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘eager...’gjǫrnum 15/7

gleðja (verb) ‘gladden, rejoice...’gladdan 7/5

glóa (verb) ‘glow...’gló 7/5

gnýr (noun m.) ‘din, tumult...’gný 31/6

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’góðan 28/2, góðu 15/2, góðu 19/6

góligr (adj.) ‘splendid...’ — 30/8

gómr (noun m.) ‘gum, gums...’góma 11/3, góma 31/7

grafa (verb) ‘to dig, earth, bury...’grafask 32/3

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’gram 14/6

grár (adj.) [°gráan/grán] ‘grey...’ — 30/7

greppr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘poet, man...’greppa 32/3

Grímnir (noun m.) ‘Grimnir...’Grímnis 7/3

Grímsbœr (noun m.) ‘[Grimsby]...’Grímsbœ 2/4

grjót (noun n.) ‘rock, stone...’ — 19/7

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’goð 26/6, goð 32/2

gull (noun n.) ‘gold...’gult 15/8

gylðir (noun m.) ‘wolf...’gylðis 31/7

gyrða (verb) ‘gird...’ — 22/5

gœðingr (noun m.) ‘chieftain...’gœðingar 32/1

gæfr (adj.) [°compar. -ari/-ri, superl. -astr] ‘pleasing...’ — 19/3

gǫrla (adv.) ‘quite, fully...’ — 12/6

haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’ — 16/6

hafa (verb) ‘have...’ — 32/1, hef 27/1, hefik 4/1, hefk 3/1, hefk 6/1, hefr 7/5, hefr 14/7, hefr 22/1, hefr 25/3, hefr 26/6, hǫfð 8/8, hǫfum 2/1

halda (verb) ‘hold, keep...’halt 5/8, held 32/8

1hamarr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. hamri; hamrar] ‘hammer, cliff...’hamra 9/7, hamri 7/1

1hanga (verb) ‘hang...’hangir 29/1, Hengik 7/1

hangi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘hanged one...’hanga 7/2

harðgeðjaðr (adj.) ‘strong-minded...’harðgeðjuðum 3/2

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’hart 14/3, hart 22/6

harpsláttr (noun m.) ‘[harp-playing]...’harpslôtt 1/8

1haukr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘hawk...’hauk 6/6, hauk 15/6

haust (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘autumn...’hausti 16/7, hausti 19/4

2hár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘hair...’ — 15/5

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hávan 3/1

3heiðr (noun f.) [°heiðar, dat./acc heiði; heiðar] ‘heath...’heiði 27/2

heim (adv.) ‘home, back...’ — 16/7

2heima (adv.) ‘at home...’ — 32/6

heimdragi (noun m.) ‘[stay-at-homes]...’heimdrǫgum 27/8

heimr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘home, abode; world...’heim 16/4

2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’ — 21/5

heitr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘hot, ardent...’heitum 11/5

heldr (adv.) ‘rather...’ — 10/4

hellir (noun m.) [°-s/hells, dat. -i; -ar, acc. -a/-ra] ‘cave...’helli 3/3, hellis 7/8

herðr (noun f.) [°-ar(Thom² 447¹³); -ar] ‘shoulder...’herða 29/4, herðar 15/5

hestr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘horse, stallion...’hest 9/7

hér (adv.) ‘here...’ — 3/1, 4/6, 9/1

hildingr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘king, ruler...’hildingi 14/4

hjǫlp (noun f.) [°hjalpar; hjalpir/hjalpar] ‘help, salvation...’ — 8/4

hlað (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘headband...’ — 17/2

2hlaða (verb) ‘heap, pile...’Hlóðum 24/5

Hlín (noun f.) ‘Hlín...’ — 21/2

hljóð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, silence, a hearing...’ — 20/6

hlunnr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘roller...’hlunns 12/7

hlæja (verb) ‘laugh...’hlær 12/3

2Hlǫkk (noun f.) ‘Hlǫkk...’ — 6/5

hnakki (noun m.) [°-a] ‘neck...’hnakka 6/5

hnykkja (verb) ‘pull violently...’ — 14/3

hraustr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘strong, valiant...’hraustum 18/2

hregg (noun n.) ‘storm...’hreggi 21/1

2hreinn (adj.) [°compar. hreinari/hreinni, superl. hreinastr/hreinstr] ‘pure...’hreina 17/1

1hrinda (verb) ‘launch, propell...’hratzk 11/5

hróðr (noun m.) ‘encomium, praise...’hróðri 23/3

2hrókr (noun m.) ‘cormorant...’hróki 23/8

2hryggr (adj.) [°-van/-jan; compar. -vari/-ari/-ri; superl. -astr] ‘sorrowful, sad...’ — 21/1

1hrøkkva (verb) ‘coil...’hrokkinn 9/1

hrǫnn (noun f.) [°; dat. -um] ‘wave...’ — 8/2

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 11/6

hutututu (unclassified) ‘hutututu...’ — 10/3

1húnn (noun m.) [°; húnar] ‘knob...’húns 9/8

hvalr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ir/-ar] ‘whale...’hval 16/8

hvar (adv.) ‘where...’ — 10/3

hvárrtveggi (pron.) ‘both...’hvártveggja 1/7

2hverr (pron.) ‘who, whom, each, every...’ — 3/5

hvítr (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘white...’hvít 17/1, hvítri 21/5

hyggendi (noun f.) [°-/-ar(BarlReyk 107²‰)] ‘wisdom...’hyggjandi 14/8

2hyggja (verb) ‘think, consider...’ — 1/7, hykk 27/5, hykk 30/5

2hylja (verb) ‘to bury, cover, inhume...’ — 20/7

1hǫfn (noun f.) [°hafnar; hafnir(/hafnar(Streng 234³²)] ‘haven, harbour...’hǫfnum 9/4

hǫfuð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘head...’ — 6/4

hǫrr (noun m.) ‘linen...’hǫr 21/6

ilki (noun m.) ‘[claws]...’ilka 15/8

illr (adj.) ‘bad, evil, unwell...’ill 32/3

Imbólur (noun f.) ‘[Imbólum]...’Imbólum 30/8

1inn (adv.) ‘in, inside...’ — 11/7

2inn (art.) ‘the...’in 5/4, in 17/1, 26/4, it 3/8, it 8/3

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 2/4, 3/3, 4/2, 10/2, 11/5, 12/8, 14/1, 21/1, 23/8, 25/3, 28/2, 28/3, 30/2, 30/3, 30/8, 31/6

ítr (adj.) ‘glorious...’ — 16/2

íþrótt (noun f.) ‘skill, accomplishment...’íþróttir 1/2

jafnglaðr (adj.) ‘[just as glad]...’ — 18/6

jarl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘poet, earl...’ — 12/5, jarla 8/6, jarlinn 11/4

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’ — 5/4

jól (noun n.) [°; -] ‘midwinter feast...’ — 18/1

Jórdán (noun f.) ‘River Jordan...’Jórðán 27/4, Jórðánar 16/4

jǫkull (noun m.) [°-s, dat. jǫkli; jǫklar] ‘glacier...’jǫkla 13/7

jǫrð (noun f.) [°jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)] ‘ground, earth...’jarðar 4/3, jarðar 23/6

kaldr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘cold...’kalt 10/4

kalla (verb) ‘call...’ — 25/2, 30/1

3kanna (verb) ‘know, be able...’kannk 1/2, kannk 1/5, kannk 1/7

1kappi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘champion...’ — 26/3

karl (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘(old) man...’karli 5/3

kastali (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘castle...’kastala 17/8, kastala 18/8

kauði (noun m.) ‘churl, wretch...’kauða 28/1

knútr (noun m.) [°-s; dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘knot, Cnut; ?scorpion...’Knút 28/1

kollóttr (adj.) ‘bald, ?without horns ...’kollóttar 4/8

koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’kemk 28/2, kemr 11/3

kona (noun f.) [°-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna] ‘woman...’konan 15/4, konan 25/6, konu 20/4, konu 21/8, konur 6/2

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’konungs 31/8

kringja (verb) ‘encircle, make round...’kringðan 7/1

kunna (verb) ‘know, can, be able...’kann 12/5

Kúgi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘Kúgi...’ — 5/4, 5/5

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kveðin 20/6, kvezk 11/1, kvôðu 14/6

kveld (noun n.) [°-s] ‘evening...’ — 5/3, kveldi 11/8

1lafranzmessa (noun f.) ‘Lawrence-mass...’Lafranzmessu 28/4

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’Landi 23/1

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’langa 3/7, langt 27/6

lauss (adj.) [°compar. lausari] ‘loose, free, without...’laust 19/7

laut (noun f.) ‘dell, hollow...’lautir 7/8

lágr (adj.) [°comp. lǽgri, superl. lǽgstr] ‘low...’lágan 32/7

láss (noun m.) [°láss, dat. lási/lás; lásar] ‘lock...’ — 5/2

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’ — 19/7, lôtum 2/6, Lætr 13/1, lætr 15/5

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lagða 27/1, legg 32/8

leggr (noun m.) [°-jar, dat. -; -ir] ‘limb...’leggjum 5/1

leið (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar] ‘path, way...’ — 3/8, leiðar 27/2

1leika (noun f.) [°-u] ‘playmate...’ — 23/1

3leika (verb) ‘play...’leikk 7/7

leira (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘clay, mud-flats...’leirur 2/1

leirr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ar] ‘[mud]...’ — 30/7

leita (verb) ‘seek, look for, attack...’leitak 3/4

lengi (adv.) ‘for a long time...’ — 16/2

lesta (verb) ‘destroy, damage...’lesti 8/1

1leygr (noun m.) ‘flame...’leygs 18/4

léttr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘easy, light...’létt 32/7

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ — 5/1, liggr 4/7, liggr 10/2, lægt 29/2

linnr (noun m.) ‘snake...’linna 7/4

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’ — 25/8

límsetja (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[mortared]...’límsett 19/8

lína (noun f.) [°-u; ur] ‘[line]...’ — 21/2

lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’lítit 9/2, Lítt 30/5

ljónar (noun m.) ‘men...’ljóna 32/2

ljótr (adj.) ‘ugly...’ljóta 3/7, ljótt 25/7

2lón (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘lagoon...’lóns 7/7

1lundr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘grove, tree...’ — 20/4, 24/4

1lykkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘[a knot]...’lykkju 27/1

lyndr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘minded...’lyndra 8/6

lýðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir] ‘one of the people...’lýðum 25/7

lǫgr (noun m.) [°lagar, dat. legi] ‘sea...’ — 23/2

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’mǫnnum 8/2

2margr (adj.) [°-an] ‘many...’ — 20/3, mǫrg 32/4

2marr (noun m.) ‘horse...’mar 21/8, mari 9/6

mágr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘brother-, father-, or son-in-law...’ — 30/6

1mál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘speech, matter...’mála 31/5

már (noun m.) ‘gull...’môs 2/5

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 17/5, 18/4, 23/5, 24/3, 26/3

meðal (prep.) ‘between...’ — 29/4

meðan (conj.) ‘while...’ — 21/2, 32/8

mega (verb) ‘may, might...’ 25/2

megingrimmr (adj.) ‘[mightily grim]...’megingrimmar 2/2

meginkátliga (adv.) ‘[mightily merrily]...’ — 2/6

meiri (adj. comp.) [°meiran; superl. mestr] ‘more, most...’meira 12/3

meldr (noun m.) ‘flour...’meldrs 15/2

2men (noun n.) [°; dat. menjum] ‘neck-ring...’ — 20/4, 23/6, menja 6/3

1merki (noun n.) [°-s: -] ‘banner, sign...’ — 24/2

merr (noun f.) [°merar/marar(DN I (1356) 276¹); merar/marar(Gulᴵ 75²⁰)] ‘mare...’merar 6/8

mettr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘sated...’mettan 19/8

miðhæfi (noun n.) ‘?...’‘miðhæfi’ 30/4

miðja (noun f.) [°-u] ‘the middle...’ — 22/8, miðjum 2/4

Miklagarðr (noun m.) ‘[Constantinople]...’Miklagarði 31/4

mildr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’mildum 14/4

minn (pron.) [°f. mín, n. mitt] ‘my...’ — 30/1, minni 12/2, mínar 7/7, mínu 19/2

1minna (verb) ‘remind, remember, recall...’minnisk 27/3

1minni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘memory...’minnum 8/8

mjúkorðr (adj.) ‘gentle in speech...’ — 6/4

móðr (adj.) ‘weary...’ — 28/2

1muna (verb) ‘remember...’ — 16/2

1mund (noun f.) ‘hand...’mundum 22/2

munr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i] ‘mind, pleasure...’mun 32/5

munu (verb) ‘will, must...’mun 8/5, mun 12/3, mun 13/5, mun 23/3, mun 25/5, Muna 18/1, munt 5/6

myrðir (noun m.) ‘killer...’ — 6/3

mýrr (noun f.) [°; -ar] ‘bog, moor...’mýrar 2/5

mœði (noun f.) [°-] ‘exhaustion...’ — 20/3

mær (noun f.) [°meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar] ‘maiden...’meyjar 4/8, 12/4

naddr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘spear, point...’nadd 25/6

1 (verb) ‘reach, get, manage...’nôðu 26/5

nátt (noun f.) [°náttar/nǽtr, dat. -/-u; nǽtr] ‘night...’ — 5/8

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’numit 24/6

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 11/4

nenna (verb) ‘strive, be inclined...’Nennum 25/1

Nerbón (noun f.) ‘[Narbonne]...’Nerbónar 16/8, Nerbónar 25/8

neyð (noun f.) [°dat. -] ‘need, distress...’nauðr 5/7

nift (noun f.) ‘kinswoman...’Nipt 17/2

níu (num. cardinal) ‘nine...’ — 1/2

njóta (verb) ‘enjoy, use...’nýtir 1/6

norðan (adv.) ‘from the north...’ — 21/6, 25/5

2norðr (adv.) ‘north...’ — 23/4, 25/5

(adv.) ‘now...’ — 6/5, 17/5, 18/5, 19/5, 25/2, 32/1, Nús 2/5

nýta (verb) ‘enjoy, use...’ — 5/7

nær (adv.) ‘near, almost; when...’ — 30/3

nærgi (adv.) ‘[Some day]...’ — 9/5

nøkkut (adv.) ‘some(what)...’nǫkkut 14/6

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 2/5, 3/8, 6/5, 9/3, 13/1, 16/6, 18/5, 27/2

ofan (adv.) ‘down...’ — 13/4

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 1/4, 1/6, 1/8, 3/7, 4/2, 5/8, 8/4, 21/2, 24/3, 25/5

orð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘word...’ — 14/8, 16/1

ormr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘serpent...’orm 4/4

ógn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘terror, battle...’ — 24/2

ógæfa (noun f.) ‘bad luck, misfortune...’ — 30/4

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 17/7

ótangi (noun m.) ‘[rascal]...’ — 14/2

palmr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘palm-tree...’ — 29/4

plóg (noun n.) ‘[crop, plough]...’ — 31/2

prettr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir/-ar, acc. -u/-i/-a] ‘fraud, deceit...’prettum 5/6

prúðr (adj.) [°superl. -astr] ‘magnificent, proud...’prúðri 21/8

rakkr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘bold...’rǫkk 16/3

rammligr (adj.) ‘strong...’ramligr 14/2

rangr (adj.) ‘wrong, false...’ — 13/8

rauði (noun m.) [°-a] ‘the red...’ — 26/4

3 (noun f.) ‘sail-yard...’ 22/8

ráð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘advice, plan, control, power...’rôð 32/3

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’réð 14/3, réð 26/2, réðk 21/5

Rán (noun f.) ‘Rán...’ — 16/4

rás (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘running, course, company...’rásir 5/2

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’ — 25/6

4reiða (verb) ‘make angry...’reiðisk 13/6

2reka (verb) ‘drive, force...’rak 9/7, rekinn 20/2, rekr 22/7, Rekum 31/2

rekkr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘man, champion...’ — 14/3

rengja (verb) ‘mis-step, reject...’rengðisk 30/6

1ríða (verb) ‘ride...’ — 13/4, 17/7, ríðim 16/3, ríðum 28/1, Ríðum 31/1

ríkr (adj.) ‘mighty, powerful, rich...’ríks 31/8

rísta (verb) ‘carve, raise...’reistan 3/1, rístk 23/5, rístum 16/7

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauð 15/7, 26/8, Rjóðum 31/7, roðit 25/4, ruðu 24/7, ruðusk 24/2

rjúfa (verb) ‘break...’rjúfum 7/2

2róa (verb) ‘row...’rœk 1/6

runnr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘bush, tree...’ruðr 13/7, runnar 16/5, runni 28/3

rún (noun f.) [°; -ar/-ir] ‘rune, secret...’rúnum 1/3

1Ræfill (noun m.) ‘Ræfill...’Ræfils 31/1

rǫdd (noun f.) [°raddar, dat. -/u; raddir] ‘voice...’raddar 7/5

Rǫgnvaldr (noun m.) ‘Rǫgnvaldr...’Rǫgnvalds 11/2

saman (adv.) ‘together...’ — 4/4

saurr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘[muck]...’saurs 2/3

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ — 9/3, 13/1, þann 28/3, Þat 4/5, Þat 25/5, þat 32/2, Þat 32/5, þau 18/1, þeim 32/6, þess 27/3, Því 21/5, því 26/6, því 30/3

sátt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’sáttir 5/8

seggr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘man...’ — 23/3

2seina (verb) ‘delay...’ — 23/4

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 15/8, 18/6

senn (adv.) ‘at once...’ — 4/2

setja (verb) ‘place, set, establish...’settr 5/6

setna (verb) ‘[subside]...’sjatna 32/5

sextán (num. cardinal) ‘sixteen...’ — 4/1

2Sif (noun f.) ‘Sif...’ — 12/1

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’sig 13/3, sigri 24/3

sik (pron.) [°gen. sín, dat. sér] ‘(refl. pron.)...’sér 6/6, sér 15/6

silki (noun n.) ‘silk...’ — 15/8, silkis 12/1

sitja (verb) ‘sit...’ — 10/3

2síð (adv.) ‘late...’ — 11/8

síðan (adv.) ‘later, then...’ — 3/6

1síðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘long, hanging...’síð 23/3

sjalfr (adj.) ‘self...’sjalfan 11/4

1sjá (pron.) [°gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir] ‘this...’ — 4/7, 8/5, Þenna 23/5, þessa 28/4, þessum 29/1

2sjá (verb) ‘see...’Sék 8/5, sénar 4/1, 12/6

1skaða (verb) ‘to harm, damage...’ — 8/2

2skaka (verb) ‘shake...’Skekk 9/1

skeggr (noun m.) ‘beard...’skeggi 32/8

1skelkr (noun m.) ‘fear, ?fun, frightened...’Skelk 12/1

1skikkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘cloak...’skikkju 14/1

skinn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘skin, fur, leather...’ — 9/1

skíð (noun n.) [°; -] ‘ski...’skíða 3/6, skíðum 1/5

skjómi (noun m.) ‘sword...’skjóma 25/4

skjóta (verb) ‘shoot...’skotit 22/4, skýtk 1/6

2skjótr (adj.) ‘quick(ly)...’skjótt 20/2

skorð (noun f.) ‘prop...’ — 15/5, 21/6

skraut (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -um] ‘finery...’ — 9/2

skrautligr (adj.) ‘fine, splendid...’skrautligar 9/8

skríða (verb) ‘creep, glide...’ — 1/5

2skrýða (verb) ‘adorn, clothe...’skrýðisk 6/7

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skal 16/1, skalk 10/3, Skalkak 21/1, skyli 29/2

skúfaðr (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[with locks]...’skúfaðra 15/3

skyflir (noun m.) ‘[destroyer]...’skýflir 14/7

2slíðr (noun n.) [°; -] ‘sheath...’ — 13/4, slíðrum 17/7

1smíði (noun f.) ‘[craftsmanship]...’smíðir 1/4

snarpr (adj.) ‘sharp, keen...’snǫrp 17/7, snǫrp 24/8

snarr (adj.) ‘gallant, bold...’snar 8/6, snart 21/7, snart 22/7, snart 26/2

snekkja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘warship...’snekkju 21/3

snjallr (adj.) ‘quick, resourceful, bold...’snjallir 24/7

snotr (adj.) ‘wise...’ — 27/3

sómi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘honour...’sóma 31/8

Spánn (noun m.) ‘[Spain]...’Spáni 20/1, Spáni 22/6, Spáni 23/7

sprund (noun f.) ‘woman...’sprundi 22/1

1staðr (noun m.) [°-ar/-s; -ir] ‘place...’stað 28/2

stafn (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘prow...’ — 9/4

stallr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘seat, stall, support...’stalls 6/2

standa (verb) ‘stand...’stendr 9/3, stendr 13/2

1stál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘steel, weapon, prow...’stála 14/5, stála 31/6

sterkr (adj.) ‘strong...’ — 14/5, 24/2

stinga (verb) ‘stab, poke...’staka 14/6

stíga (verb) ‘step...’stígum 32/7

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’ — 9/3, stórum 12/3

strengr (noun m.) [°-jar; -ir] ‘string, rope, bow-string...’ — 21/2

strind (noun f.) ‘land...’strindar 6/6

stund (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘time, hour...’ — 22/2

sund (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sound, strait; swimming...’sundi 21/7, sundi 22/7

sunnan (adv.) ‘(from the) south...’ — 16/6

sunnanverðr (adj.) ‘[southern]...’sunnanverðum 18/7

súð (noun f.) [°-ar; gen. -a] ‘planking, ship...’ — 21/8

1sút (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘sorrow...’ — 8/3, 27/4

svalr (adj.) ‘cool...’sval 21/4

svanni (noun m.) ‘lady, woman...’ — 27/3

svarmr (noun m.) ‘[a swarm]...’svarm 18/8

svá (adv.) ‘so, thus...’ — 3/4, 7/5

svát (conj.) ‘so that, so as...’ — 1/6

sveit (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘host, company...’ — 8/7

sverð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘sword...’ — 17/8, 24/7, sverðs 18/7

Sviðrir (noun m.) ‘Sviðrir...’Sviðris 22/8

1svik (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘deceit, treachery; poison...’ — 32/6

2svinnr (adj.) ‘wise...’svinn 12/2, svinna 15/4

Svǫlnir (noun m.) ‘Svǫlnir...’Svǫlnis 13/3

svǫrðr (noun m.) [°svarðar, dat. sverði; sverðir, acc. svǫrðu] ‘scalp...’svǫrðr 21/3

sylgr (noun m.) [°dat. -] ‘drink, draught...’sylg 7/3

sýna (verb) ‘show, seem...’sýndisk 17/3

sœkja (verb) ‘seek, attack...’ — 17/6

sœri (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘[oaths, promises]...’ — 32/4

Sǫlmundr (noun m.) ‘Sǫlmundr...’Sǫlmundi 18/4

tafl (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘[board games]...’ — 1/1

tagl (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘[tail]...’tagli 6/8

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tók 20/7

tal (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘talk, speech; number...’tali 19/2

tega (verb) ‘prove ready...’tegask 17/5

teigr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -/-i; -ar, acc. -a/-u] ‘field, land...’teigar 21/4

til (prep.) ‘to...’ — 2/8, 16/4, 16/8, 25/8, 26/2

1tíð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘time...’tíðs 1/4

tjald (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘tent, awning...’tjaldi 13/2

tjá (verb) ‘to put in order, prepare...’tér 6/5, tér 23/2

2tjón (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘loss...’ — 25/8

toppr (noun m.) [°; -ar] ‘tuft of hair, fringe...’topp 4/2

trauðla (adv.) ‘hardly...’ — 1/3

týna (verb) ‘lose, destroy...’týnik 1/3

tǫng (noun f.) [°tangar, dat. -u/-; tengr/tangir] ‘tongs...’tangar 7/2

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’ — 18/3

umbúð (noun f.) ‘preparation, outfit ...’ — 12/2

1und (noun f.) [°; -ir] ‘wound...’ — 18/4

1unna (verb) ‘love...’Unðak 19/1, unnum 19/5

2unnr (noun f.) ‘wave...’unn 3/6, unn 16/6, unnum 12/7

upp (adv.) ‘up...’ — 26/3, 32/3, 32/8

1úrigr (adj.) ‘wet...’úrgum 9/5

út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’ — 4/7, 20/1, 22/3, 23/7, 31/4

útan (prep.) ‘outside, without...’ — 27/4

útarr (adv.) ‘further out...’útar 13/1

vaða (verb) ‘advance, wade...’vaðnar 2/1

Vakr (noun m.) ‘Vakr...’Vakri 31/1

valda (verb) ‘cause...’valdit 26/6

1valr (noun m.) [°dat. -i; -ir] ‘corpse, the slain...’val 25/2, 20/7

valskr (adj.) ‘foreign, French...’vǫlsku 19/3, vǫlsku 22/1

vandr (adj.) ‘difficult...’ — 14/8

1vangr (noun m.) ‘field, plain...’vangs 4/4, vangs 9/6

2vanr (adj.) ‘lacking...’vant 2/3

varmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘warm...’varmt 27/7

vatn (noun n.) [°-s; -*] ‘water, lake...’ — 3/8, vatni 10/2

váð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘clothes...’vôðum 12/8

ván (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘hope, expectation...’vánar 22/6, Vôn 20/1

vánarlauss (adj.) ‘[clearly]...’vánarlaust 19/4

vápn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weapon...’vôpn 26/8

2Vár (noun f.) [°-s; -] ‘a goddess...’Vára 13/3

várr (pron.) [°f. ór/vár; pl. órir/várir] ‘our...’órum 9/3

vás (noun n.) [°-s; dat. -um] ‘hardship...’ — 8/7

vátr (adj.) ‘wet...’váta 8/3

2veðr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘weather, wind, storm...’ — 8/3

vel (adv.) ‘well, very...’ — 15/3, 19/1, 19/6

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’emk 1/1, erum 20/5, es 32/2, s 5/7, s 9/2, s 9/3, s 9/5, s 10/4, s 15/1, 4/6, 5/1, vas 14/5, vas 20/2, vas 24/6, vas 30/3, vasa 2/3, vask 18/6, vask 19/3, vôru* 20/5, vôrum 2/3, væri 12/4

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’varð 30/2, verðr 19/7, verðrat 6/3, Verðum 22/5

3verðr (adj.) ‘worth, worthy...’verðir 20/8

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’varða 3/2

2vestr (adv.) ‘west, in the west...’ — 4/6

vetr (noun m.) [°vetrar/vetrs(HómHauksb³ 173²³), dat. vetri; vetr] ‘winter...’vetrar 22/2

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’okkur 24/1, 2/1, 4/5, 20/5, 22/5, 24/5, 25/1, 26/5, 28/1

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 4/7, 6/7, 7/7, 9/7, 10/4, 22/8, viðr 2/4

2viða (verb) ‘gain, bring about...’viðr 32/6

1viðr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i] ‘wood, tree...’við 23/2

viggr (noun m.) ‘horse...’viggs 16/6

vika (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘week...’vikur 2/2

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’ — 11/1, vill 16/3, Villat 30/1

1vindr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar; -ar] ‘wind...’ — 21/7, 22/1, 22/7

2vinna (verb) ‘perform, work...’ — 8/8, 25/1

vinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir] ‘friend...’ — 30/1

1vita (verb) ‘know...’veit 3/5, Veitk 11/5

2vitni (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘witness...’ — 4/5

1víða (adv.) ‘widely...’ — 24/5

víðr (adj.) ‘far...’víðan 27/7

víf (noun n.) ‘woman, wife...’vífa 15/3, vífi 19/3, vífum 8/4

víkja (verb) ‘turn...’víkr 23/1

vín (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wine...’ — 17/1, 19/2

1víss (adj.) ‘wise, certain(ly)...’Víst 15/1, vísu 8/7

væna (verb) ‘hope...’vanðisk 19/1

vænn (adj.) ‘beautiful, expected...’væn 20/6

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’vallar 15/6, vǫll 20/7, vǫll 27/8, 9/4

vǫndr (noun m.) [°vandar, dat. vendi/vǫnd; vendir, acc. vǫndu/vendi] ‘rod, want, mast...’vǫnd 13/4

vǫxtr (noun m.) [°vaxtar, dat. vexti; vextir, acc. vǫxtu] ‘[growth]...’ — 15/4

yfir (prep.) ‘over...’ — 9/4

1Yggr (noun m.) ‘Yggr...’Yggs 11/7

ýtr (noun m.) ‘man; launcher...’ýta 3/5

þaðra (adv.) ‘there...’ — 18/6

þangat (adv.) ‘there, thither...’ — 27/6

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 26/5

þars (conj.) ‘where...’ — 11/7, 24/1

þats (conj.) ‘that, which...’þats 6/1, 2/5

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 19/1, 30/5

þás (conj.) ‘when...’ — 8/1

þekkr (adj.) ‘pleasing...’ — 11/6

þella (noun f.) ‘fir, young pine...’ — 7/6

þengill (noun m.) ‘prince, ruler...’þengils 30/6, þengils 31/5

þeygi (adv.) ‘not at all...’ — 32/5

þiggja (verb) ‘receive, get...’Þiggjum 31/5

1þilja (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘planking, decking...’þiljur 26/7

þing (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘meeting, assembly...’ — 5/8

þinn (pron.) [°f. þín, n. þitt] ‘your...’ — 15/4

þjóð (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir] ‘people...’ — 25/7, þjóðar 26/5, þjóðum 20/6, þjóðum 24/6

þjóst (noun n.) ‘[tumult]...’ — 29/2

þjóta (verb) ‘roar...’þýtr 23/6

2þoka (verb) ‘[move, Let move]...’Þokum 31/6

þó (adv.) ‘though...’ — 27/5

þótt (conj.) ‘although...’ — 13/5

þulr (noun m.) ‘poet...’þul 29/1

þunnr (adj.) ‘slender, thin...’þunnu 23/5

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’þér 5/2

þvengr (noun m.) [°; -ir] ‘thong...’þvengs 27/2

því (adv.) ‘therefore, because...’ — 20/5

þvít (conj.) ‘because, since...’ — 19/5

2þykkja (verb) ‘seem, think...’þœtti 30/5, þykki 27/5, 8/5

2þykkr (adj.) ‘thick...’þykkum 28/3

œgir (noun m.) ‘terrifier...’ — 13/5

œrinn (adj.) ‘ample, sufficient...’œrit 32/4

œrr (adj.) ‘raging...’œrin 30/3

ǫfundkrókr (noun m.) ‘enmity-detour...’ǫfundkrók 23/8

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldar 26/6, 17/5

ǫr (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; ǫrvar/ǫrar] ‘arrow...’ — 13/6

ǫrlyndr (adj.) ‘liberal-minded...’ — 12/6

1ǫrn (noun m.) [°arnar, dat. erni; ernir, acc. ǫrnu] ‘eagle...’erni 15/7, œrnu 26/3

ǫrr (adj.) ‘generous, brave...’ — 1/1

ǫxl (noun f.) [°axlar, dat. -u; axlir] ‘shoulder...’ — 13/1

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