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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson (Hfr)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

1. Óláfsdrápa (Óldr) - 14

Skj info: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld, Islandsk skjald, død ved 1007. (AI, 155-73, BI, 147-63).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonardrápa
2. Óláfsdrápa
3. Óláfsdrápa, erfidrápa
4. Eiríksdrápa
5. Lausavísur

Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld ‘Troublesome-poet’ Óttarsson (Hfr) was brought up in Vatnsdalur, northern Iceland, probably in the 960s. He is the subject of Hallfreðar saga (Hallfr), which survives both as a continuous text (ÍF 8, 133-200) and interpolated into ÓT. The main strands of the saga are Hallfreðr’s unhappy relationship with Kolfinna Ávaldadóttir, his travels as trader, fighter and poet, his conversion to Christianity and his devotion to Óláfr Tryggvason, and all these aspects of his life occasioned poetry which partially survives.

Fragments of an early drápa for Hákon jarl Sigurðarson (r. c. 970-c. 995) are extant (Hfr HákdrIII; ÍF 8, 151), but the greater part of Hallfreðr’s court poetry, and the poetry edited in this volume, concerns King Óláfr Tryggvason (c. 995-c. 1000): Óláfsdrápa (Hfr Óldr) and Erfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar (Hfr ErfÓl). Like other Icelanders, Hallfreðr accepted Christian baptism under the influence of Óláfr. The difficulty, for a poet and pagan, of this switch of religious allegiance is the theme of Hfr Lv 6-10V, and is, according to the sagas, alluded to in his nickname vandræðaskáld, lit. ‘Poet of difficulties’. The sagas agree that the name was bestowed by the king, though they differ about the precise reason (ÓTOdd 1932, 125-6; Hkr, ÍF 26, 331-2; Hallfr, ÍF 8, 155; ÓT 1958-2000, I, 387). Hallfreðr is attributed with a lost Uppreistardrápa ‘Restoration drápa’ (?), supposedly composed to atone for his journey into pagan Gautland (Västergötland, ÍF 8, 178). He is also credited in Hallfr (ÍF 8, 194-5) with an encounter with Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson (r. c. 1000-c. 1014) and in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 280) with poetry for him; this is vestigially preserved in Eiríksdrápa (Hfr EirdrV). The saga also shows Hallfreðr presenting a flokkr to the Danish jarl Sigvaldi (ÍF 8, 168) and a poem to the Swedish king Óláfr Eiríksson (ÍF 8, 177-8), but no traces of these survive.

The marriage of Kolfinna, the love of Hallfreðr’s youth, to Gríss Sæmingsson provoked Hallfreðr both early and later in life to compose strikingly inventive stanzas which intertwine themes of yearning love and rivalry (Hfr Lv 1-3, 15-24V), and his níð against Gríss led to legal proceedings and indirectly to the killing of Hallfreðr’s brother Galti (Ldn, ÍF 1, 224; ÍF 8, 189-90). In the course of an adventure in Västergötland (Hfr Lv 12-14V), Hallfreðr met and married Ingibjǫrg Þórisdóttir, who died young, but not before bearing two sons, Auðgísl and Hallfreðr. According to Hallfr (ÍF 8, 196-9), Hallfreðr himself died at the age of nearly forty, from a combination of illness and injury as he sailed through the Hebrides; he was buried on Iona (cf. Hfr Lv 26-7V).

files
file 2002-03-21 - York Hfr paper notes
file 2002-03-27 - York Hfr paper draft

Óláfsdrápa (‘Drápa about Óláfr’) — Hfr ÓldrI

Diana Whaley 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, Óláfsdrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 387.

 1   2   3   4   5   6 

for reference only:  1x   1y   2x   2y   4x   4y   8z   9z 

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld: 2. Óláfsdrápa, 996 (AI, 156-9, BI, 148-50); stanzas (if different): 1 | 2 | 2, 7 | 3 | 3, 4/1-4 | 4/1-4 | 4/5-8, 5 | 4/5-8 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8/1-4, 9/5-8 | 8/5-8, 9/1-4

in texts: Flat, Fsk, Hkr, ÓT, ÓTC, ÓTOdd

SkP info: I, 387

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

1 Vol. 1. 28. Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, 1. Óláfsdrápa, 1 [Vol. 1, 392] — Hfr Óldr 1I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Svá frák hitt, at hôva
hǫrgbrjótr í stað mǫrgum
(opt kom hrafn at) heiptum
hlóð valkǫstu (blóði).
Endr lét Jamta kindir
allvaldr í styr falla
(vanðisk hann) ok Vinða
végrimmr (á þat snimma)

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld: 2. Óláfsdrápa 3, 4/1-4 (AI, 157; BI, 149); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A1; mss: 301x, 310, 51x, 53, 54, 61, 62, 761bx, Bb, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, J1x, J2x, Kx, papp18x; texts: Fsk 0, Hkr 0, ÓT 0, ÓTOdd 0
 
2 Vol. 1. 28. Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, 1. Óláfsdrápa, 2 [Vol. 1, 393] — Hfr Óldr 2I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hættr vas Hǫrða dróttinn
hjǫrdjarfr Gota fjǫrvi;
gollskerði frák gerðu
geirþey á Skáneyju.
Bǫðserkjar hjó birki
barklaust í Danmǫrku
hleypimeiðr fyr Heiða
hlunnviggja bý sunnan.

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld: 2. Óláfsdrápa 4/5-8, 5 (AI, 157; BI, 149); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A1; mss: 301x, 310, 39, 51x, 53, 54, 61, 62, Bb, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, J1x, J2x, Kx, papp18x; texts: Fsk 0, Hkr 0, ÓT 0, ÓTOdd 0
 
3 Vol. 1. 28. Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, 1. Óláfsdrápa, 3 [Vol. 1, 394] — Hfr Óldr 3I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Tíðhǫggvit lét tyggi,
Tryggva sonr, fyr styggvan
Leiknar hest á lesti
ljótvaxinn hræ Saxa;
vinhróðigr gaf víða
vísi margra Frísa
blǫkku brúnt at drekka
blóð kveldriðu stóði.

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld: 2. Óláfsdrápa 6 (AI, 157-8; BI, 149); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A1; mss: 301x, 310, 39, 51x, 53, 54, 61, 62, Bb, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, J1x, Kx; texts: Flat 215, Fsk 104, ÓT 58, ÓTC 25, ÓTOdd 23(19)
 
4 Vol. 1. 28. Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, 1. Óláfsdrápa, 4 [Vol. 1, 395] — Hfr Óldr 4I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hilmir lét at Holmi
hjalmskóð roðin blóði
(hvat of dylði þess hǫlðar?)
hǫrð ok austr í Gǫrðum.
Rógs brá rekka lægir
ríkr Valkera líki;
herstefnir lét hrǫfnum
hold Flæmingja goldit.

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld: 2. Óláfsdrápa 2, 7 (AI, 157-8; BI, 149); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A1; mss: 301x, 310, 39, 51x, 53, 54, 61, 62, Bb, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, J1x, Kx; texts: Fsk 0, Hkr 0, ÓT 0, ÓTOdd 0
 
5 Vol. 1. 28. Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, 1. Óláfsdrápa, 5 [Vol. 1, 397] — Hfr Óldr 5I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Gerðisk ungr við Englum
ofvægr konungr bægja,
naddskúrar réð nœrir
Norðimbra sá morði;
Barði brezkrar jarðar
byggvendr, en hjó tyggi
(grôðr þvarr geira hríðar
gjóði) kumbrskar þjóðir.

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld: 2. Óláfsdrápa 8/1-4, 9/5-8 (AI, 158-9; BI, 150); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A1; mss: 301x, 310, 39, 51x, 53, 54, 61, 62, 761bx, Bb, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, J1x, Kx, papp18x; texts: Fsk 0, Hkr 0, ÓT 0, ÓTOdd 0
 
6 Vol. 1. 28. Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, 1. Óláfsdrápa, 6 [Vol. 1, 398] — Hfr Óldr 6I

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Ýdrógar lér œgir
eyverskan her deyja
(Týr vas tjǫrva dýrra
tírar gjarn) ok Íra.
Eyddi ulfa greddir
ógnblíðr Skotum víða
(gerði seims) með sverði
(sverðleik í Mǫn skerðir).

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld: 2. Óláfsdrápa 8/5-8, 9/1-4 (AI, 158-9; BI, 150); dróttkvætt; ed. DW; group: A1; mss: 301x, 310, 39, 51x, 53, 54, 61, 62, Bb, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, J1x, Kx, papp18x; texts: Fsk 0, Hkr 0, ÓT 0, ÓTOdd 0
 
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