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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson (Hfr)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

2. Erfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar (ErfÓl) - 29

Skj info: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld, Islandsk skjald, død ved 1007. (AI, 155-73, BI, 147-63).

Skj poems:
1. Hákonardrápa
2. Óláfsdrápa
3. Óláfsdrápa, erfidrápa
4. Eiríksdrápa
5. Lausavísur

Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld ‘Troublesome-poet’ Óttarsson (Hfr) was brought up in Vatnsdalur, northern Iceland, probably in the 960s. He is the subject of Hallfreðar saga (Hallfr), which survives both as a continuous text (ÍF 8, 133-200) and interpolated into ÓT. The main strands of the saga are Hallfreðr’s unhappy relationship with Kolfinna Ávaldadóttir, his travels as trader, fighter and poet, his conversion to Christianity and his devotion to Óláfr Tryggvason, and all these aspects of his life occasioned poetry which partially survives.

Fragments of an early drápa for Hákon jarl Sigurðarson (r. c. 970-c. 995) are extant (Hfr HákdrIII; ÍF 8, 151), but the greater part of Hallfreðr’s court poetry, and the poetry edited in this volume, concerns King Óláfr Tryggvason (c. 995-c. 1000): Óláfsdrápa (Hfr Óldr) and Erfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar (Hfr ErfÓl). Like other Icelanders, Hallfreðr accepted Christian baptism under the influence of Óláfr. The difficulty, for a poet and pagan, of this switch of religious allegiance is the theme of Hfr Lv 6-10V, and is, according to the sagas, alluded to in his nickname vandræðaskáld, lit. ‘Poet of difficulties’. The sagas agree that the name was bestowed by the king, though they differ about the precise reason (ÓTOdd 1932, 125-6; Hkr, ÍF 26, 331-2; Hallfr, ÍF 8, 155; ÓT 1958-2000, I, 387). Hallfreðr is attributed with a lost Uppreistardrápa ‘Restoration drápa’ (?), supposedly composed to atone for his journey into pagan Gautland (Västergötland, ÍF 8, 178). He is also credited in Hallfr (ÍF 8, 194-5) with an encounter with Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson (r. c. 1000-c. 1014) and in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 280) with poetry for him; this is vestigially preserved in Eiríksdrápa (Hfr EirdrV). The saga also shows Hallfreðr presenting a flokkr to the Danish jarl Sigvaldi (ÍF 8, 168) and a poem to the Swedish king Óláfr Eiríksson (ÍF 8, 177-8), but no traces of these survive.

The marriage of Kolfinna, the love of Hallfreðr’s youth, to Gríss Sæmingsson provoked Hallfreðr both early and later in life to compose strikingly inventive stanzas which intertwine themes of yearning love and rivalry (Hfr Lv 1-3, 15-24V), and his níð against Gríss led to legal proceedings and indirectly to the killing of Hallfreðr’s brother Galti (Ldn, ÍF 1, 224; ÍF 8, 189-90). In the course of an adventure in Västergötland (Hfr Lv 12-14V), Hallfreðr met and married Ingibjǫrg Þórisdóttir, who died young, but not before bearing two sons, Auðgísl and Hallfreðr. According to Hallfr (ÍF 8, 196-9), Hallfreðr himself died at the age of nearly forty, from a combination of illness and injury as he sailed through the Hebrides; he was buried on Iona (cf. Hfr Lv 26-7V).

files
file 2002-03-21 - York Hfr paper notes
file 2002-03-27 - York Hfr paper draft

Erfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar (‘Memorial drápa for Óláfr Tryggvason’) — Hfr ErfÓlI

Kate Heslop 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, Erfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 400.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26a   26b   27   28 

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld: 3. Óláfsdrápa, erfidrápa, 1001 (AI, 159-66, BI, 150-7); stanzas (if different): 1 | 2 | 3 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 27 | 28 | 29

in texts: Flat, Fsk, Hallfr, HallfrÓT, Hkr, ÓT, ÓTC, ÓTOdd, Skm, SnE, SnEA, Þiðr

SkP info: I, 400

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

1. Holm18 - 51v/33-51v/35
Þar hyck vist til miok | mistu morg kom drott i flotta . gram þan er gunne samðe. gengis þrenskra drengia. næfr | va einn við iofra allvalldr tva snialla fregr er til sliks at segia. siðr ok iarllinn þriþia.
310 - 84/7-84/10 (VEÞ)
Þar | hyck vist til miok mistu morg kom drott aflotta gramm þann er gunni fram | þi gengis þro᷎nscra drengia . no᷎fr vá einn við iofra allvalldr tva snial | la . frægr er til slics at segia siþr oc iarl hinn þriðia.
2. 61 - 67ra/29-67ra/30
Flugþverrir nam fyrri fregr alldregi vægia | helldr let hauka skyllder hugrecki ser þecka.
3. FskBx - 37v/1-37v/8
Geta skal mals þess er mæla | menn at vapna sænnu | dolga fangs við drengi | dað oflgann bur kvaðo | bað at hær trygðar hyggia | neccir sina recca | þess lifa þioðar sessa | þrottar orð a flotta
4. 61 - 67vb/2-67vb/4
Heppt var lítt ꜳ lopti liðv o᷎rvar fram gio᷎rua br | odda flaug aðr bauga. briotendr skyti spiotum. orð var hitt at harðaz | hvar kunnr fyrir laug suɴan mest ímalma gnaustan. minn drottinn fram sotti |
5. 54 - 64ra/20-64ra/24
Sotti herr þar er | hættí . hundmarrgr drasilsunda · en hialmspiotvm | hilmir hardfeíngr donum vardí · fellu þar med | þollí þeim skœuadar geyma · meín hlaut ek af | þviat mínír · meiʀr holluinir fleirí ·
6. 54 - 64ra/29-64ra/33 (VEÞ)
Herskerdir klauf hardan · hann geck reidr | of skeidar · suafdar stofn med suerdi · sunnr ell | duíþum unnum · kunni gramr at gunní · gu | nnþings a hior þunnum · margr la hæggr of h | augguinn · holld barkaþra sarka ·
A - 21v/30-21v/31
Kvnni gramr at gvnni gvnnþinga iarnmvɴvm margr la herr vm hǫggvinn hollbar | kat ra sarkat .
7. 54 - 64rb/13-64rb/17
Vard vm vínda myrdí | vigstyrs en þat lysek · rammr vnd randa himni · rymr | knattu spior glymía · hirþar stodz vid hardan · hínn | vegg en fiold seggia · viþiss vællte reydar · varghollr | þrímu marga ·
8. 54 - 64rb/27-64rb/29
Wpp saugdu lo᷎g lo᷎gþiss · lif | skiott firum hlifa · gnog til gumna feigdar · gal | kn vid randar balku .
9. 54 - 64rb/31-64rb/35
Let | ít hygg leifa brautar · logtarningum varu · geiʀs vid | gumna stiora · geigr þing at eiga · þa er fakhl | adendr fræknir · farlegs at vin iarla · hufs mæ | dr hamri þæfdar · hríngs skyrtur fram geingu ·
10. FskAx - 140/9-140/16
Sucku niðr af naðri | naddfars i boð sarer | baugs gerðoð við vægiaz | værkænndr hæiðins særkiar | vanr man ormr þo at orme | alldyr konungr styri | þer er hann scriðr meðr lið lyða | længi slicra drængia |
11. 61 - 68ra/3-68ra/4
Eigi lataz ytar. enn þeir er uiða nenna | fremra mann of finna folk reifvm oleifi.
12. 61 - 68ra/9-68ra/12
Fiʀðiz vættr sa er varði við lo᷎nd br | eta striðir. bleyði firðr v braðan. beck dóm heðins recka. haɴ | let of sauk sanna sverð ialmr ox þar verða. skilit fra ek fyrir skylia. sk | oð mær roðin bloði.
13. 61 - 68ra/13-68ra/15
Hverr var | hreddr v o᷎ruan^ hugdyggan son tryɢva. oðuz malmþings meiðar. maðr | vnd solar iaðri.
14. 61 - 68ra/26-68ra/29
Mvndit | lvng hit langa. læ siks vnd gram rikum. bloð kom ꜳ þravm þiðan | þioð varliga hrioða man ítrs uina atv iɴan borðz at morði. | sv gerðiz uel varði verðung iofurs sverðum.
15. 61 - 69rb/4-69rb/6
Gott er gerua at fretta gunnr uox fyrir haf suɴan | sverð bitu feigra ⸌fyrða⸍. fio᷎r raunn at þvi mǫnnum. hvern rakkligaz rekka ra | nd laðs uiþir kuaðu. svrtz ættar vinn ek slettan sylg olafi fylgia . |
17. 61 - 70ra/11-70ra/14
Jtr fermdum reð or | mi orð sæll io᷎furr norþan snorp varð at þat sverða. snot eiriki ꜳ moti. en | hy iofnvm hefnir hlyrs þeim gota styrði. aðr vox vm gram goðan. gunnr | hakonar suɴan.
18. FskAx - 144/10-144/17
Veit ec eighi hitt hvar hætta | hungr dꝍyfi scal ec lꝍyfa | dynsꝍðinga dauðann dyrblics eða dyrblics eða þo cvikkvan | alz sannlegha sæghia. | sart mun gramr at hvaro | hætt er til hans at fretta | hvartvæggia mer sæggir |
19. Holm18 - 54r/11-54r/13
Sagðr var mær ne meira mvni maðr strið of biða lyðvm firðr ok | laðe land vorðr fyr sio handan veri oss þott ærir ellz þeim svikvm beldi heila likn ef havka | ha cklifs iofvʀ lifðe.
20. FskAx - 144/18-145/2
Samr varrar um æfe | oddflaghs hinn er þat saghðe | at lofða gramr lifðe | læstygs burar tryggva. | vera cvæðr old ur ælli | Olaf cominn stala || menn geta male sonnu | mioc er værr enn sva færri |
21. FskAx - 145/4-145/11
Myndot þess er þeghnar | þrot harðann gram sotto | fær ec meðr liða lifi | landhærðar scop værða | at mund Jokuls munde | margh dyr coma styrir | geta þyckiat mer gottnar | glighlis or hærr slicum |
22. FskAx - 145/13-145/20
Enn sæghir auðar kennir | austr or malma gnaustan | sæggr fra sarom tiggia | sumr æða brot um comnomm | nu er sannfræghit sunnan | siklings or styʀ mycklum | kann ec ei mart at manna | morð væifunar orðe |
23. FskAx - 145/22-146/7
Norðmanna hygg ec nænninn || nu er þengill framgenginn | dyr hne drottar stiore | drottinn und loc sottann | grams douðe bra gæðe | goðs ufarar þioðar | allr glæps fiðr af falli | flughtygs sunar tryggva |
24. 53 - 66rb/12-66rb/15
Harðgeruan líet hioruí | holmsverða tyr suerða. vind a uíðu sunndi. vígþey hieð | ins meyiaʀ. aðr en ormi nęði. eírikʀ eða hlut mera | morg oð bítʀ i bloðí benkneíf fyr oleífí |
25. 61 - 69vb/6-69vb/8
Ilt var þatz vlfa sultar opt þuerri stoð ek fieʀi. mest þar er | malmar brustu mein þo at smatt se vnd einum. skiliðr em ek v skylia sk | alm olld hefir þvi valldit vætti ek virða drottins vil er mest ok dvl flestum. |
A - 15r/10-15r/11 (VEÞ)
Skildr æm æk v skylia skalmǫlld hæfir þvi | valldit vætti ek virða drottins vil æk mæst ok dvl f⸌l⸍æstvm .
26a. 61 - 69vb/16-69vb/19
Hef ek þannz | huerium io᷎fri heipt fiknum varð rikri vnd nið byrði norðra. norðr guð fo᷎ | ður uorðinn. biða mvn ek þess er breiðan. barð mana vann skarðan. margꜹk | anda mækis mót alldreghi botir.
26b. 61 - 38va/-2-38va/-1 (TW)
Hlaut ek þann er æztr uar einna. ek sanna þat manna. vndir nið | byrði norðra. norðr guð fo᷎ður uorðinn.
22x - 60r/38-60r/39 (TW)
hlaut ek þann er ædstr var einna, eg sanna þad manna, undir nidbirdi Nordra | Nordr kudfödr vordinn.
62 - 22rb/5-22rb/7 (TW)
Hlaut ek | þann er æztr var eínna· ok sanna þat manna· vndir nið byrði | norðra· norðr guð fǫðr vorðinn·
27. 61 - 69vb/21-69vb/23
Fyʀ man heimr ok himnar hvg reifum oleifi. hann var mennzkra manna mest gott i | tuav bresta. aðr en glikr at goðu giæðingr mvni fæþaz. kæns hafi | kristr en hreini konungs ond ofar londum.
28. 178x - 1v/23-1v/25
Norðr ero oll of orðin auðlond | ath gram dauðan / allt gleðzt friðr ath falli / folk styggs sonar | Trýggua.
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